Share/Save/Bookmark

Presented by the
Newfoundland's Grand Banks Site
to assist you in researching your Family History

Click on the graphic below to return to the NGB Home Page
Newfoundland's Grand Banks

To contribute to this site, see above menu item "About".

How to report a possible transcription error

These transcriptions may contain human errors.
As always, confirm these, as you would any other source material.

Brigus United Methodist Church Baptisms

Information Collected by Mark Hagman (Clarke Cousin)
Information Provided By Bill Bloomquist (Brigus Clarke, Gushue, Plowman,
Curnew, Spracklin Researcher)

Source: LDS Salt Lake City Utah

Use the alphabet below to find surnames starting with the indicated letter of the alphabet

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

For Names Starting with: "D, E, F, or G"

Num Vol   Parents Names Given Name; Sex Minister Baptism POB Father’s Job DOB or Age at baptism Chrt
                     
1414 35 Daune Wife of Charles Daune Jane Maria; F G. W. Sprague 17 Feb 1858 Cupids (born in Labrador) (BLANK) Age 19 years  
2121 36 Davis Davis, Fredric & Mary Jane Thompson; F John S. Peach 24 Nov 1871 Brigus Fisherman 21 Mar 1871  
767 34 Davis Davis, George G. & Sophia Jane Frederick Fueneaus(?); John McMurray 22 May 1842 Brigus Sea Captain 29 Mar 1842  
320 34 Daw Dame, George & Jane Joseph; M Richard Knight 2 May 1827 Cupids Planters 4 months  
803 34 Daw Dan(?), George & Jane George Robert; M Jabez Ingham 23 Mar 1843 Brigus Planter 10 Feb 1843  
1012 34 Daw Daw(?), Samuel & Maria Jemima; F John S. Addy 9 Mar 1848 Cupids Planter 9 Jan 1848  
1031 34 Daw Daw, Edward & Elizabeth Elizabeth Ann; F John Snowball 31 Aug 1849 Southern Gutt Fisherman  15 Aug 1849  
543 34 Daw Daw, George & Jane Elizabeth; F John Pickavant 3 Jun 1835 Cupids Planter 1 Apr 1835  
1038 34 Daw Daw, John & Charlotte Amey; F John Snowball 27 Sep 1849 Cupids Fisherman 1 Jul 1849  
1119 34 Daw Daw, John & Charlotte Sarah; F John Snowball 23 Apr 1851 Cupids Fisherman 14 Feb 1851  
1402 35 Daw Daw, John & Jane William J.; M G. W. Sprague 23 Dec 1857 Cupids Merchant 23 Nov 1857  
1077 34 Daw Daw, Nicholas & Elizabeth Caroline; F John Snowball 5 Sep 1850 Burnthead Fisherman 25 Jul 1850  
1136 34 Daw Daw, Samuel & Marian Amey; F John Snowball 7 Aug 1851 Cupids Fisherman 10 Feb 1851  
1406 35 Daw Daw, Samuel & Martha Eliza Jane; F G. W. Sprague 9 Dec 1857 Cupids C. Planter 8 Oct 1857  
1310 34 Daw Daw, Samuel & Martha Louisa; F John S. Phinney 12 Sep 1855 Cupids Fisherman 6 Aug 1855  
1148 34 Daw Daw, William & Elizabeth Mary Ann; F John Snowball 14 Nov 1851 Burnthead Fisherman 9 Sep 1851  
872 34 Dawe  Dawe(?), Nicholas & Elizabeth John; M W. Faulkner 5 Jul 1845 Burnthead Planter 12-May-45  
1550 35 Dawe Dawe, Charles & Jane M. George; M Thomas Smith 8 May 1861 Cupids Fisherman 1 May 1861  
1870 35 Dawe Dawe, Charles & Jane M. John; M W. E. Shenstone 9 Jan 1867 Cupids Fisherman 21 Dec 1866  
1754 35 Dawe Dawe, Charles & Jane Maria George; M Thomas Harris 16 Nov 1864 Cupids Fisherman 8 Nov 1864  
1961 35 Dawe Dawe, Charles & Jane Maria Thomas; M John Waterhouse 5 Jun 1869 Cupids Planter 18 May 1869  
1616 35 Dawe Dawe, Charles & Maria Jane Abraham; M Thomas Harris 29 May 1862 Cupids Fisherman 23 Apr 1862  
1848 35 Dawe Dawe, Henry & Sarah Agness Jane; F W. E. Shenstone 16 Sep 1866 Cupids Fisherman 24 Jul 1866  
1957 35 Dawe Dawe, Henry & Sarah James John; M John Waterhouse 28 Feb 1869 Cupids Fisherman 11 Feb 1869  
1640 35 Dawe Dawe, Henry & Sarah Samuel; M Thomas Harris 12 Nov 1862 Cupids Fisherman 15 May 1862  
1176 34 Dawe Dawe, John & Charlotte Caroline; F W. E. Shenstone 31 Aug 1852 Cupids Fisherman 1 Aug 1852  
1337 35 Dawe Dawe, John & Charlotte Emily; F John S. Phinney 21 Apr 1856 Cupids Fisherman 19 Apr 1856  
1275 34 Dawe Dawe, John & Charlotte Mary Jane; F W. E. Shenstone 8 Nov 1854 Cupids Fisherman 11 Oct 1854  
1701 35 Dawe Dawe, John & Jane Emily; F Thomas Harris 4 Nov 1863 Cupids Fisherman 19 Sep 1863  
1539 35 Dawe Dawe, John & Jane Mary Ann; F Thomas Smith 9 Jan 1861 Cupids Fisherman 6 Dec 1860  
1258 34 Dawe Dawe, John & Jane Nathaniel; M W. E. Shenstone 4 May 1854 Cupids Fisherman 5 Apr 1854  
1173 34 Dawe Dawe, John & Jane Samuel; M W. E. Shenstone 16 Jul 1852 Cupids Fisherman 15 Jul 1852  
1782 35 Dawe Dawe, John & Susannah Susan; F W. E. Shenstone 12 Nov 1865 Charlotte town P.E. Merchant 24 Aug 1865  
1801 35 Dawe Dawe, Jonathan & Julia Bendiah; M W. E. Shenstone 3 Jan 1866 Cupids Fisherman 30 Aug 1865  
2019 35 Dawe Dawe, Jonathan & Julia Herbert; M John Waterhouse 13 May 1870 Cupids Planter 6 Apr 1870  
1564 35 Dawe Dawe, Jonathan & Julia Jacob; M A. Nightengale 25 Nov 1860 Cupids Fisherman 25 Sep 1860  
1930 35 Dawe Dawe, Jonathan & Julia Robert Smith; M John Waterhouse 26 Aug 1868 Cupids Fisherman 17 Mar 1868  
2111 36 Dawe Dawe, Robert & Naomi Eliza; F John S. Peach 15 Oct 1871 Cupids Planter 30 May 1871  
1995 35 Dawe Dawe, Robert & Naomi Emma Gushue; F John Waterhouse 22 Nov 1869 Cupids Fisherman 21 Sep 1869  
1681 35 Dawe Dawe, Robert & Naomi John; M Thomas Harris 4 Jul 1863 Cupids Fisherman 3 Jul 1863  
1547 35 Dawe Dawe, Robert & Naomi William; M Thomas Smith 27 Mar 1861 Cupids Fisherman 27 Feb 1861  
1831 35 Dawe Dawe, Robert & Sarah Ann Maria; F Joseph Pascoe 10 Jun 1866 Cupids Fisherman Apr 1866  
2110 36 Dawe Dawe, Samuel & Margaret Ann Maria; F John S. Peach 15 Oct 1871 Cupids Planter 1 Oct 1871  
1325 35 Dawe Dawe, Samuel & Maria George; M John S. Phinney 2 Jan 1856 Cupids Fisherman 2 Sep 1855  
1254 34 Dawe Dawe, Samuel & Maria Henry; M W. E. Shenstone 29 Mar 1854 Cupids Fisherman 6 Sep 1853  
2120 36 Dawe Dawe, Samuel & Martha Amelia; F John S. Peach 22 Nov 1871 Cupids Fisherman 12 Sep 1871  
1770 35 Dawe Dawe, Samuel & Martha George; M Thomas Harris 18 May 1865 Cupids Fisherman 4 Apr 1865  
1565 35 Dawe Dawe, Samuel & Martha Martha; F A. Nightengale 5 Aug 1860 Cupids Fisherman 29 May 1860  
1953 35 Dawe Dawe, Samuel & Martha Moses; M John Waterhouse 13 Jan 1869 Cupids Planter 24 Oct 1868  
1198 34 Dawe Dawe, Samuel & Martha William; M W. E. Shenstone 5 Jan 1853 Cupids Fisherman 3 Dec 1852  
2068 35 Dawe Dawe, William & Elizabeth Elizabeth Emma; F John Waterhouse 28 Dec 1870 Cupids Planter 24 Sep 1870  
1641 35 Dawe Dawe, William & Elizabeth George; M Thomas Harris 12 Nov 1862 Cupids Fisherman 10 Nov 1862  
1762 35 Dawe Dawe, William & Elizabeth Henry; M Thomas Harris 29 Nov 1864 Cupids Fisherman 8 Sep 1864  
1552 35 Dawe Dawe, William & Elizabeth John; M Thomas Smith 15 May 1861 Cupids Fisherman 12 May 1861  
1845 35 Dawe Dawe, William & Elizabeth Samuel; M W. E. Shenstone 12 Aug 1866 Cupids Fisherman 18 Jul 1866  
1978 35 Dawe Dawe, William & Mary Ann William George; M John Waterhouse 21 Sep 1869 Cupids Planter 19 Sep 1869  
1928 35 Dawe Dawe, William &Elizabeth William; M John Waterhouse 19 Aug 1868 Cupids Fisherman 12 Jul 1868  
1964 35 Derrick Derrick(?), Jacob & Sarah Sarah; F John Waterhouse 8 Jun 1869 Cupids Planter 25 Jan 1869  
1152 34 Dixon Dixon, Thomas & Patience George; M John Snowball 22 Dec 1851 Salmon Cove Fisherman 25 Nov 1851  
1030 34 Dixon Dixon, Thomas & Patience Mary Ann; F John Snowball 30 Aug 1849 At the Gutt or Beach Fisherman 15 Aug 1849  
598 34 Dobie Dobie(?), Robert & Julia Robert Thomas; M John Pickavant 12 Dec 1836 Brigus Doctor of Medicine 24 Jun 1836  
1942 35 Dwyer Dwyer, John & Elizabeth Anne Elizabeth Bishop; F John Waterhouse 21 Oct 1868 Cupids Fisherman 18 Oct 1868  
1943 35 Dwyer Dwyer, John & Elizabeth Anne William George; M John Waterhouse 21 Oct 1868 Cupids Fisherman 18 Oct 1868  
2070 35 Dwyer Dwyer, William & Elizabeth Robert john; M John Waterhouse 28 Dec 1870 Cupids Fisherman 21 Nov 1870  
1583 35 Earl Earl, BLANK William henry; M Thomas Harris 23 Oct 1861 Cupids Fisherman BLANK  
1075 34 Earl Earl, Joseph & Diana Esau; M John Snowball (BLANK) Bay Roberts Point Fisherman  (BLANK)  
1760 35 Earl Earl, Richard & Mary Ann Martha Jane; F Thomas Harris 29 Nov 1864 Cupids Fisherman 31 Aug 1864  
388 34 Eden Eden, Thomas & Elizabeth Thomas; M Wm. Ellis 29 Apr 1829 Brigus (BLANK) 4 Apr (BLANK)  
555 34 Edwards Edwards, John & Mary Mary; F John Pickavant 24 Nov 1835 Cupids Planter 20 Nov 1835  
503 34 Elidge Ellidge, George & Susanna Elizabeth Hannah; F John Pickavant 10 Nov 1833 Brigus Wesleyan Missionary 4 Aug 1833  
96 34 Elliks Elliks, William & Francis French Mab(?); F John Percey 13 Aug 1809 Bay Roberts U 3 years  
393 34 Ellis Ellis, Charlott & William John Pickavant; M John Pickavant 25 May 1829 Brigus Minister 7 Jan 1829  
850 34 Faulkner Faulkner, William & Louisa James Sutcliffe; M John Snowball 11 Oct 1844 Brigus Wesleyan Minister 14 Aug 1844  
1159 34 Filler Filler, Elias & Jane James; M John Snowball 3 Apr 1852 Salmon Cove Fisherman 26 Dec 1851  
1352 35 Ford Ford, Elias & Mary William; M G. W. Sprague 18 Sep 1856 Cupids Planter 20 Aug 1856  
1842 35 Ford Ford, John & Emma Delphina; F W. E. Shenstone 11 Jul 1866 Cupids Fisherman 9 Feb 1866  
1500 35 Ford Ford, John & Emma Emma Jane; F Thomas Smith 15 Feb 1860 Cupids Fisherman 28 Nov 1859  
1606 35 Ford Ford, John & Emma John; M Thomas Harris 10 Jan 1862 Cupids Planter 27 Sep 1861  
1188 34 Ford Ford, John & Emma Stephen; M W. E. Shenstone 14 Nov 1852 Cupids Fisherman 17 Oct 1852  
1767 35 Ford Ford, Mary & Elias Priscilla Spracklin; F Thomas Harris 8 Mar 1865 Cupids Fisherman 6 Aug 1864  
1525 35 Ford Ford, Richard & Mary H. George; M Thomas Smith 3 Oct 1860 Cupids Fisherman 4 Jun 1860  
1797 35 Ford Ford, Richard & Mary R. Emma Jane; F W. E. Shenstone 31 Dec 1865 Cupids Fisherman 1 Nov 1865  
120 34 Ford Ford, Stephen & Mary Norman Elizabeth; F John Percey 10 Feb 1811 Brigus U 9 Dec 1810  
992 34 Fox Fox, Thomas & Julia Laura Jane; F Ingham Suitcliffe (BLANK) Cupids School Master (BLANK)  
848 34 Fox Fox, Thomas & Julia Olivia; F W. Faulkner 24 Jul 1844 Cupids School Master 14 Jan 1844  
997 34 Fox Fox, Thomas & Julia Thomas; M Ingham Suitcliffe 8 Jul 1840 Cupids School Master 16 Mar 1840  
542 34 Fox Fox, Thomas & Julia & Catechist John Pickavant; M John Pickavant 17 May 1835 Cupids School Master U  
614 34 French French, Benjamin & Mary Ann John; M John Pickavant 14 May 1837 Brigus Fisherman 4 Oct 1837  
532 34 French French, Benjamin & Mary Anne Mary; F John Pickavant 11 Jan 1835 Brigus Fisherman (BLANK) May 1834  
255 34 French French, James & Francis Rachel; F Richard Knight 23 Jan 1825 Bay Roberts Planters U  
254 34 French French, James & Jane James; M Richard Knight 23 Jan 1825 Bay Roberts Planters U  
108 34 French French, John & Mary Willcocks John; M John Percey 21 Mar 1810 Brigus U 12 Mar 1810  
95 34 French French, John & Mary Willicocks Rebeckah; F John Percey 13 Aug 1809 Bay Roberts U 1 year  
418 34 Fry Fry, Charles & Susanah Joseph; M John Boyd 8 May 1830 Brigus Planter 15 Jun 1829  
534 34 Fry Fry, Charles & Susanna Timothy; M John Pickavant 25 Feb 1835 English Cove Planter (BLANK) May 1834  
639 34 Fry Fry, Charles & Susannah Charles; M Ingham Sutcliffe 29 Nov 1837 English Cove Conception Bay Planter 20 Sep 1837  
335 34 Fry Fry?, Charles & Susana Mary Ann; F Wm. Ellis 10 Jul 1827 Cupids Planter U  
1182 34 Garland Garland, Ebeneser & Mary Ann Mary Ann Lovis; F W. E. Shenstone 17 Oct 1852 Brigus Merchant 2 Oct 1852  
1355 35 Garland Garland, Ebenezer & Elizabeth Anthony Loveys; M G. W. Sprague 5 Nov 1856 Brigus Trader 7 Sep 1856  
1271 34 Garland Garland, Ebenezer & Mary Ann Elizabeth; F W. E. Shenstone 3 Sep 1854 Brigus Merchant 8 Jul 1854  
636 34 Gill Gill, William & Eliza Algernon(?) Reginald; M Ingham Sutcliffe 20 Oct 1837 Brigus Merchant 17 Sep 1837  
359 34 Gillham Gillham, William & Jane Sarah; F Wm. Ellis 8 Jun 1828 Cupids Planter 28 Mar (BLANK)  
262 34 Goushea Goushea, George & Ann George; M William Wilson 17 Apr 1825 Brigus Planter U  
281 34 Goushea Goushue, George & Ann Ann; F Richard Knight 14 May 1826 Brigus Planter U  
390 34 Green Green, George & Ann John; M Wm. Ellis 9 May 1829 Brigus (BLANK) 24 Apr (BLANK)  
1730 35 Green Green, William & Agnes Agnes; F Thomas Harris 15 May 1864 Brigus Shopkeeper 1 May 1864  
1728 35 Green Green, William & Agnes Benjamin; M Thomas Harris 15 May 1864 Brigus Shopkeeper 1 May 1864  
1396 35 Green Green, William & Agnes Eliza Silly; F G. W. Sprague 23 Aug 1857 Brigus Planter (BLANK)  
1821 35 Green Green, William & Agnes Emma; M(?) W. E. Shenstone 16 Apr 1866 Brigus Shopkeeper 11 Apr 1866  
1820 35 Green Green, William & Agnes Jesse; BLANK W. E. Shenstone 16 Apr 1866 Brigus Shopkeeper 11 Apr 1866  
1630 35 Green Green, William & Agnes Mary Ann; F Thomas Harris 21 Sep 1862 Brigus Shopkeeper 24 Aug 1862  
1244 34 Green Green, William & Agnes William Norman; M W. E. Shenstone 15 Jan 1854 Brigus Fisherman 31 Oct 1853  
1294 34 Green Green, William & Agness Belisant Norman;(BLANK) W. E. Shenstone  3 Jun 1855 Brigus Fisherman 20 May 1855  
1916 35 Green Green, William & Agness Thomas Scilly; M W. E. Shenstone 3 May 1868 Brigus Shopkeeper BLANK  
241 34 Green Green, William & Belisant Benjamin Norman; M Richard Knight 17 Oct 1824 Brigus Merchants U  
293 34 Green Green, William & Belliant Frances Frampton; F Richard Knight 24 Sep 1826 Brigus Merchant U  
452 34 Green Green, William & Bellisant John Wesley; M John Boyd 3 Jun 1831 Cupids School Master 16 Jan 1832  
488 34 Green Green, William & Bellisant Thomas; M Geo. Ellidge 17 Mar 1833 Cupids Shoe Maker 1 Jan (BLANK)  
387 34 Green Green, William & Billiant William Hezariah; M Wm. Ellis 19 Apr 1829 (BLANK) (BLANK) 29 Jan (BLANK)  
2014 35 Green Green, William A. & Agnes Frances; F John Waterhouse 9 Mar 1870 Brigus Shopkeeper 9 Mar 1870  
2100 36 Green Green, William A. & Agnes William Azariah; M John Waterhouse 3 Jul 1871 Brigus Shopkeeper 2 Jul 1871  
1531 35 Green Green, William H. & Agnes H. George Sparks; M Thomas Smith 4 Nov 1860 Brigus Shopkeeper 10 Oct 1860  
1074 34 Griffiths Griffiths, Griffith & Margaret Richard; M John Snowball 22 Aug 1850 Burnthead Slate Quarrier 11 Aug 1850  
502 34 Gushue Guschue, Thomas & Amy Rachel; F Geo. Ellidge 5 Oct 1833 Brigus Planter 6 Oct 1832  
137 34 Gushue Gushne, John & Grace Percy Elizabeth; F John Percey 24 Nov 1811 Brigus U 10/07/1811  
1452 35 Gushue Gushue, Charles & Grace Elizabeth Snowball; F Thomas Smith 26 Feb 1859 Brigus Fisherman 25 Oct 1858  
1662 35 Gushue Gushue, Charles & Grace John; M Thomas Harris 23 Feb 1863 Brigus Fisherman 20 Sep 1862  
1967 35 Gushue Gushue, George & Elizabeth Robert Antler(?); M John Waterhouse 12 Jun 1869 Brigus Fisherman 8 Jun 1869  
1343 35 Gushue Gushue, George & Jane Annie Dicks; F John S. Phinney 8 Jun 1856 Brigus Merchant 27 Mar 1856  
1941 35 Gushue Gushue, George & Jane Elizabeth; F John Waterhouse 19 Oct 1868 Brigus Shopkeeper 6 Mar 1869  
2095 36 Gushue Gushue, George & Jane James Joseph; M John Waterhouse 16 Feb 1871 Brigus Secretary of Brigus School 14 Sep 1870  
1420 35 Gushue Gushue, George & Jane Jane; F G. W. Sprague 11 Apr 1858 Brigus Trader & Shopkeeper 11 Feb 1857  
1497 35 Gushue Gushue, George & Jane Jessie Emma; F Thomas Smith 15 Jan 1860 Brigus Shopkeeper 13 Oct 1859  
1613 35 Gushue Gushue, George & Jane Lily Mary; F Thomas Harris 6 Apr 1862 Brigus Shopkeeper 1861  
164 34 Gushue Gushue, James & Ann Spranklin Susanna; F John Percey 14 Mar 1813 Brigus U U 3
527 34 Gushue Gushue, James & Charlette Stephen; M John Pickavant 16 Nov 1834 Cupids Planter (BLANK) Sep 1834  
987 34 Gushue Gushue, James & Charlotte James; M Ingham Suitcliffe 13 Dec 1837 Cupids Planter 12 Nov 1837  
1847 35 Gushue Gushue, James & Susannah John Isaac; M W. E. Shenstone 6 Sep 1866 Brigus Fisherman 15 Aug 1866  
1711 35 Gushue Gushue, James & Susannah Josiah Pearson; M Thomas Harris 24 Dec 1863 Brigus Fisherman 10 Oct 1863  
1590 35 Gushue Gushue, James & Susannah Mary Grace; F Thomas Harris 22 Dec 1861 Cupids Fisherman BLANK  
1591 35 Gushue Gushue, James & Susannah Samuel; M Thomas Harris 22 Dec 1861 Cupids Fisherman BLANK  
1589 35 Gushue Gushue, James & Susannah Thomas; M Thomas Harris 14 Dec 1861 Brigus Fisherman 3 Nov 1860  
1481 35 Gushue Gushue, James I. & Susan James; M Thomas Smith 17 Nov 1859 Brigus Fisherman 14 Aug 1859  
350 34 Gushue Gushue, John & Grace Charlotte; F Wm. Ellis 9 Mar 1828 Brigus Planter 10 Feb 1820  
84 34 Gushue Gushue, John & Grace James; M John Percey 8 May 1809 Brigus U 16 Feb 1808  
234 34 Gushue Gushue, John & Grace Mary; F John Haigh 14 Sep 1823 Brigus Planters U  
119 34 Gushue Gushue, John & Grace Percy Ann; F John Percey 10 Feb 1811 Brigus U 16 Feb 1810  
730 34 Gushue Gushue, Thomas & Amy Naomi Susanna; F John McMurray 17 Dec 1840 Brigus Planter 5 Mar 1840  
557 34 Gushue Gushue, Thomas & Emma James John; M John Pickavant 15 Jan 1836 Brigus Planter U  
178 34 Gushue Gushwe, John & Grace Percy Charles; M John Percey 6 Feb 1814 Brigus U 21 Jul 1813  
216 34 Gushue Gushy John & Grace Percy John; M John Percey 25 May 1817 Brigus U 30 Sep 1816  
1301 34 Guy Guy, Thomas & Ann Amelia; F John S. Phinney 23 Aug 1855 Brigus Tradesman 23 Feb 1854  
1108 34 Guy Guy, Thomas & Ann James Breaker; M John Snowball 26 Jan 1851 Brigus Smith 7 Nov 1850  
1199 34 Guy Guy, Thomas & Ann Sarah; F W. E. Shenstone 25 Jan 1853 Brigus Blacksmith 10 Mar 1852  

Brigus United Methodist church Baptisms
Source: LDS Salt lake city Utah
Information Collected by Mark Hagman (Clarke Cousin)
Information Provided By Bill Bloomquist
(Brigus Clarke, Gushue, Plowman, Curnew, Spracklin Researcher)
(January, 2002)

Page Revised: October 2002 (Don Tate)

Recent Updates Contact Us


Search through the whole site
Hosted by
Chebucto Community Net

Your Community, Online!
www.downhomer.com
by Downhomer.com
JavaScript DHTML Menu Powered by Milonic
Newfoundland's Grand Banks is a non-profit endeavor.
No part of this project may be reproduced in any form for any purpose other than personal use.

© Newfoundland's Grand Banks (1999-2016)