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Twillingate Sun
January - February

Jan. 4, 1890

Public Notice

Notice is Hereby Given that the Law of 1888, abolishing the use of Cod Traps, in this Island and it's Dependencies, comes into operation on the Ninth Day of May Next, from which date the use of Cod Traps will be illegal, and any person using them will be subject to a penalty of FIVE HUNDRED DOLLARS. M. FENELON, Colonial Secretary, Secretary's Office 26 Nov. 1889.

The Masons (Part 1)

"St. John's Day Celebration of Twillingate Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons. Among the most important of local events during the year just closed was the inauguration of a Lodge of the ancient and honourable Order of Masonry under most propitious circumstances. By arrangement with the proper authorities our splendid Court Room was secured as Lodge Room which, through the artistic taste of some of the Brethren who are also master operative mechanics, was transformed into a place of elegance and comfort, and this when supplemented by the beautiful collars, jewels and aprons as well as the working tools peculiar to the order, which had been imported from England and which are said to be the handsomest in Newfoundland, placed the Lodge in most favourable position to work out the principles of the Ancient Fraternity in our Town of Twillingate. Friday the 27th ult being St. John's Day , the Brethren were enabled through special dispensation, to attend Diving Service in the spacious South Side Methodist Church, where Bro. The Rev. R.W. FREEMAN officiated, and preached an excellent sermon based on the text: ""He hath showed thee, oh man, what is good; and what doth the Lord require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God"" Micah, 6 c. 8 v. "

The Masons (Part 2)

"The discourse was an able effort, and held the attention of the large congregation from beginning to close, and no doubt made lasting impression on the hearts of all present. The Lodge opened at half past six and after taking up a collection which averaged 60 cents per member, and after passing a resolution of sympathy with Brother TEMPLETON, who was indisposed through sickness, (a copy of which was handed to his residence en route), the procession formed, and proceeded to the Church where a truly refreshing service was enjoyed, as well by the Brethren as the large congregation present. The devotional exercises and lessons were well rendered by the officiating Clergyman and Preachers and the choir under Mr. DAVIS, Conductor, assisted by Miss Jessie HODDER, Organist, gave some excellent singing and rendered an anthem in good style, and during the singing of the last hymn, one of the Deacons of Lodge placed on the Communion Table, a small bag containing the collection, to be disposed of at the option of the Minister presiding. On returning to the Lodge room, votes of thanks were passed to the Preacher for his excellent discourse and to Mr. DAVIS, and through him, the Choir and Organist for their special efforts to make the Celebration Service a success after which the Lodge closed in due form. "

The Masons (Part 3)

"We close our remarks on this our first St. John's Day Masonic Celebration by wishing the craft particularly, and all mankind's very happy New Year. J.W. Since setting up the foregoing, the Lodge has handed the following Letter of Thanks and the Reply for appendage to report: December 27, 1889. Twillingate Lodge Room. Rev. R.W. FREEMAN, Sir and Brother -- I am instructed to inform you that, on our return to the Lodge Room on Friday night last, the following motion was proposed seconded and carried unanimously, ""That the warmest thanks of this Lodge be conveyed to our esteemed Brother Rev. R.W. FREEMAN, for the edifying and appropriate sermon delivered at the Methodist Church, on the occasion for this our first public appearance in Regalia at Twillingate, St. John's Day, and that the secretary be requested to notify the same to our Revd. Brother, and also to enter it on the minutes of the Lodge. I trust I need scarcely add, that it gives me the greatest pleasure in carrying out those instructions, and wishing you and your amiable partner the compliments of this festive season. I remain, Rec. Sir & Brother, Yours Fraternally, Samuel W. BAIRD Secy. Twillingate Lodge. Reply. Methodist Parsonage. Twillingate, Jan. 2nd. 1890. S. BAIRD, Esq., J.P. Dear Sir & Brother, -- Will you convey to the Brethren of ""Twillingate"" Lodge for Free and Accepted Masons, my sincere thanks for their letter received, thanking me for the service rendered on St. John's Day last. I need scarcely say it will afford me much pleasure to do anything in my power, to further the interests of the Lodge. Wishing ""Twillingate"" Lodge great prosperity, and the Worshipful Master, Officers and Brethren a Happy New Year, in which Mrs. FREEMAN joins: I am, Dear Sir & Bro., Yours Fraternally, R.W. FREEMAN."

Ship News

"The steamer ""Kite"" bound to the mining settlement with a cargo of coal, put into Herring Neck on Sunday evening and left the next morning. She intended leaving Little Bay for St. John's on Thursday or Friday, E.R. BURGESS, Esq., takes passage by her. The coastal steamer ""Conscript"" returned early on Tuesday morning not having been able to get any farther than Tilt Cove owing to ice. This will prove a great disappointment to many who are in destitute circumstances in various localities on the French Shore. She left at 7.30 on Tuesday morning amongst those who took passage by her were J.P. THOMPSON, Esq., Mrs. THOMPSON and child, W. WATERMAN, Esq., and Thomas PEYTON, Esq."


"We notice the arrival of Rev. Mr. WHITMORE of the French Shore, who has been visiting St. John's for the purpose of obtaining some assistance in relieving the destitution which is likely to occur in that part of the settlement. We understand he awaits the arrival of the next boat to proceed on his way home. "


"On Christmas night, when the Congregation which attended the Salvation Army Barracks were returning, one of the Cadets, (a female) we are sorry to say, was brutally attacked and knocked down on the Public Road by a gang of young ruffians, six or eight in number, and very seriously injured. Surely such dastardly conduct can be prevented, and we trust that the Authorities will see that a recurrence of such outrages will be met with the prompt arrest and punishment of the offenders. "

Dorcas Soc. Mtng.

"The first meeting of the Dorcas Society for the purpose of electing officers for the coming year took place at the Court House, Dec. 20th. The following officers were elected: Mrs BAIRD, President. Miss J. STIRLING, Vice President, Miss L. BERTEAU, Treasurer. Miss H. SCOTT, Secretary. Miss BERTEAU, Asst. Secretary. Mrs. J. CURTIS, Clerk. Mrs. J. PEYTON, Clerk. Miss HARDIN, Clerk. Mrs. BAIRD, Buyer. Miss BERTEAU, Buyer. Mrs. ROSSITER, Cutter. Miss COOK, Cutter. Meetings will be held on Wednesdays and Fridays for a few weeks till ready made clothing is under way for distribution. All charitably disposed ladies are urge to come and assist."

New Conundrums

1. - Why are Burgeo and LaPoile people a matter-in-fact and a stern lot? Ans.-Because they would not appreciate a Bon Mot. 2. Why are Fortune Bay people the most literary of any district? Ans.-Because they have given themselves up to Studdy for four years! 3. - What makes Carbonear's choice remarkable? Ans.-The fact that they were offered a Penny or Moore and preferred Duff! -- Monthly Register.

Ship Departure

"The ""Conscript"" leaves for the Northward to-morrow morning. English mail not yet arrived."

Bye Election

"Nomination for bye elections takes place on the eighth of January; polling on the fifteenth. It is reported that DONNELLY will contest Placentia, GRIEVE Trinity, STUDDY or DAY not likely to be opposed. "

New Newspaper

"The Evening Mercury was discontinued the last of December. New opposition paper Herald will be published instead, commencing next Monday. "

Botwoodville (Part 1)

"Boom In Lumbering". Operations At Botwoodville. We take the following from a recent copy of the ""Times"". Botwoodville, the place referred to as situated in Notre Dame Bay and is named in honor of the Rev. E. BOTWOOD, the respected Pastor of St. Mary's Episcopal Church, South-side. Though operations there were commenced at a comparatively recent date, the place is already of considerable importance. We cannot have too many Botwoodvilles in Newfoundland to give our people employment in the winter months. When such settlements ....... have been scattered over the island we will hear no more of starvation and Confederation. If we can only half supply our own lumber market, it will mean employment to thousands of our hitherto destitute fellow countrymen:-- We are pleased to learn the good reports from the new lumbering village of Botwoodville, on the River Exploits. We have received our information, from a most reliable source, viz., Captain Mark JAMES of Carbonear. Captain Mark is most enthusiastic in his description of the flourishing little lumbering village, and he, being a man of experience and common sense, we are glad to place his remarks before the public. "

Botwoodville (Part 2)

"Captain JAMES says, -- ""There are about two hundred hands employed on the mill. About one hundred and sixty are Newfoundlanders - the other thirty or forty belong to the lumbering ...... scattered over the Dominion of Canada. The greatest good will and friendship, exist amongst the people. They appear to go hand in hand. I was never more taken up with any place in my life, and I have had considerable experience, one way and another. I don't wish to pose myself as a prophet, but I am of the opinion that Botwoodville will become one of the leading lumbering centers at least in Newfoundland. There are fourteen saws in operation, and to give you some idea of the work that can be performed, I need only say that those saws make two hundred and fifty revolutions in a minute. The logs are floated down the river, and when they have arrived at a certain distance, a steamer is in readiness to tow a portion of them up to the mill. On arriving at the mill chains are utilized, binding the logs and they are drawn into the mill by powerful machinery. When improvements have been completed I have no hesitation in saying that the mill at Botwoodville will turn out from ninety to one hundred thousand feet of lumber per day."" -- Dailey Colonist." "


Jan. 11, 1890


"It is reported that the body of a man named WATERMAN, a resident of Fogo, was found on the road from Seldom-Come-By to Fogo, doubtless having perished from exposure to the late severe weather. We regret that we cannot give further particulars at present but as soon as we hear a correct report, we shall acquaint our readers."

Ship News

"We understand that the ""Conscript"" left St. John's last Saturday intending if possible to reach the French Shore, having on board a considerable quantity of provisions for the relief of the destitute residents of St. Barbe District. We hear however, that the most strenuous efforts of the officers on board, have been frustrated by the prevalence of ice, and the impossibility of forcing a passage through. Under those circumstances, we are informed that the mails and passengers were yesterday landed at Fogo, from which place they will be forwarded here in the best manner circumstances will allow. "

Assault on Xmas Night

"We would direct attention to the letter in another column, from the Rev. J.K. KELLY, and in the absence of the Editor and Proprietor of this paper, would feel grateful if some of his many friends would endeavour to answer the questions propounded. We felt it our unpleasant duty last week to refer in strong terms to the disorderly conduct that took place on Christmas night, when a harmless female was wantonly insulted and knocked down on returning from prayers. We quite agree with Mr. KELLY that such conduct is degrading to the community and should meet with exemplary punishment. To Correspondents:-- We are in receipt of a communication signed ""A Native,"" calling in question the truthfulness of a statement published by us last week in reference to the assault on the Cadet of the Salvation Army corps on Christmas night last, when returning from the Barracks. Our principal reason for not publishing the letter in full is that it would be a departure from our invariable practice, of declining all correspondence that is not accompanied with the real name and address of the writer, not necessarily for publication, but as a token of good faith. We may however in this case state, that having made farther enquiry into the matter complained of, from reliable sources, we see no reason to alter or modify the statement then made, and which we considered it a duty (and a very unpleasant one) to make public. "

Intoxication (Part 1)

"A Letter From Rev. J.K. KELLY. Twillingate, Jan, 10, 1890. (To The Editor of the Twillingate Sun). Dear Sir:-- Permit me to enquire through the medium of your paper, who is responsible for the administration of law in this place? Whose duty is it to see that the Local Option law is enforced? As is well known by many of your readers, on a recent Sunday night, (Dec 8th, 1889), whilst the ""Conscript"" was discharging her cargo, a number of young men were on the Coastal Wharf under the influence of liquor, some of them quite drunk. Sergeant PATTEN was on the wharf at the time, but did no arrest any of the offenders; was this because he did not notice what was going on, or was it because he was indifferent to it, or was it because some of the offenders were connected with respectable families in the place? I am informed on reliable authority that a man who was on the wharf, called the attention of the Police Sergeant to one person who was so far under the influence of liquor as to be in danger of falling into the water, and yet this person was not arrested. Why? Again on Christmas night I came into contact with a number of persons on the public street, who were more or less intoxicated, and was disgusted with their obscure and blasphemous language; how is it that such scenes are possible in a Local Option district? "

Intoxication (Part 2)

"Perhaps the explanation of these things is to be found in the manner in which offenders of this order are punished (?), when brought before the magistrate. On Monday last, in the Court House, a man who shall be nameless, was charged before the Magistrate with being drunk and disorderly; the offence was proved against him, and the Magistrate saying that he did not wish to be hard on the man, fined him one dollar and costs, this being the highest possible sentence. When the sentence was passed, the man said that he could not pay the fine as he had no money, to which the Magistrate replied that he would give him until the 1st February to pay, and when the man again replied to the effect that he would be in no better position then, the Magistrate in the fullness of his sympathy for the offender granted him a still further extension of time - till the 20th of March. Now Sir, can you or any of your readers inform me if this trifling with offenders is what the law permits? If so, the sooner the law is altered the better; if not, the sooner we get those who will conscientiously administer the law, the better for all concerned. Thanking you in anticipation for inserting this in your paper, I am, yours faithfully, J.K. KELLY."


Jan. 18, 1890

Sealing (Part 1)

"The Sealing Question. Time and again we have written on the above subject and have pointed out some of the may evils resulting from the prosecution of this once lucrative industry, as engaged in of late years by sealing steamers. But as the question is likely to be again brought before the Legislature during its approaching session it may not be amiss for us once more to ventilate the subject in our columns with the hope that something definite may be done, while the House is in session, towards placing a law on the Statute Book that will tend to remedy the evils attending the prosecution of the seal fishery. It will be remembered that a series of letters on the subject appeared in our columns the early part of the past year from the Patriotic Club. In these writings, valuable suggestions were thrown out for the preservation of this important branch of our fisheries, and coming as they did from practical men who have been nearly all their life connected with the fisheries, they are certainly worth more than a passing notice. Among other recommendations made, was that of postponing the sailing of the steamers for five or six days later than they have been accustomed to leave for the fishery hitherto; and this appears to be a most necessary and desirable change, if the protection of the seal fishery is at all to be legislated for. "

Sealing (Part 2)

"By this means the sailing vessels would have a good chance of being successful, as ample time would be afforded them to get to the seals before the steamers would overtake them, and then when they did strike them they would be in a far better condition to be taken, and a third of the number less would be sufficient for a load, and would prove a more valuable cargo; though, perhaps it might not turn out quite so remunerative to the Captains, who generally are the most fortunate of any connected with the steamers when they happen to meet the seals. The sixteenth or seventeenth of March is quite soon enough for the steamers to sail on the prosecution of the seal fishery, for unless it should prove an unusually severe Spring, they are most likely to be able to navigate the parts of the coast where the seals generally resort, in a week or two, they make their appearance along the coast, the steamers are pretty certain to come up with them, and if the seals should be missed the early part of the Spring, they are likely to be captured later on. "

Sealing (Part 3)

"Besides it is the opinion of a good many old and experienced persons, that of late years the seals are later in coming to our shores to whelp than in years gone by, and for this reason, which is a sound one, the steamers should not sail so early as formerly, and then there would be fewer ""cats"" carried in by them, and the cargoes would be worth far more. The panning of seals has had a ruinous affect in the prosecution of this industry, as has been repeatedly pointed out in our columns. The wanton destruction by this mode has been most disastrous, and should not be permitted to continue. Year after year the common wealth of our country has been destroyed by the killing and panning of thousands of seals that have never been obtained, while the lives of the men have been imperiled by having to go long distances from their ships to carry out the mandates of the Captains in this particular. It is not necessary to go further into this subject at present, but we hope that the local press will also take it up and give it that consideration which its importance demands and advocate the enactment of more stringent laws for the preservation of this valuable industry for the good of the country at large. "


"From Fogo. John WATERMAN, of Back Cove, Fogo, on Tuesday left Seldom-come-by for Fogo during the storm, but owing to the stormy weather and fatigue, he perished on the plains. Diligent search was made for him, and his body was found in the open with his three dogs alive at his side, guarding the dead. He was near the wire and within a mile of a house. He was 58 years of age. "

Ship News

"The movements of the ""Conscript"" has given terrible annoyance and inconvenience to passengers and those receiving freight. "

Letter to The Editor (Part 1)

"A Letter From Fair Play. (To the Editor of The Sun) Dear Sir:-- In your last weeks paper appeared a letter from Rev. J.K. KELLY commenting in pretty strong terms on the duty of our Local Police Officers, and the inadequacy of the punishment meted out to offenders when brought before the court. I think Mr. KELLY's questions as to ""Who is responsible for the administration of the Law - and whose duty it is to see it enforced (?)"" must be as well known to Mr. KELLY himself as they can be to any of your readers, and therefore it would be only a waste of time and space to enter on any elaborate answer, but the circumstances detailed, as having occurred on the Coastal Wharf on Dec. 8th., requires a more definite reply. Sergeant PATTEN did not arrest the person alluded to, for the simple reason that he did not see any person at the time committing an offence for which he could be legally arrested, nor did he see any person unable to take care of himself - and therefore in the opinion of many, very wisely escaped the danger of having an action for false imprisonment taken against himself."

Letter to The Editor (Part 2)

"I presume a man is not to be arrested without having committed an offence of some sort, and I think it is a very difficult point, to prove when a man is drunk, as long as he is able to take care of himself and walk home; the insinuation that the reason for his not being arrested was on account of the respectability of his family, is so manifestly opposed to the character sustained by the officer during his 18 years of servitude in the force, that he can well afford to treat it with silent ridicule. I am quite unable to answer Mr. KELLY's demand of how such things are possible in a Local Option District. I can only say that I cannot see why they are not as possible in such a District as in others when the Law is not in force. And again Mr. KELLY must admit that the officer cannot be in all parts of the harbor at one and the same time, and if they are performing their duty in any part of the harbor, they are doing all that can be reasonably required of them. But as Mr. KELLY himself gives a probable reason for the frequency of such offences, and as he instances a case in point brought before the Magistrate in open Court, in which an offender is charged with being drunk and disorderly, he evidently means to throw the blame on the Magistrate for his too great leniency, and thus by implication encouraging disorder and drunkenness. Now let us sift this question in an unprejudiced spirit - the case was proved - a first offence be it remembered - a fine inflicted one dollar and costs, being the only penalty mentioned in the Act - the man was unable to pay, and the Magistrate gave him a reasonable time to pay it, and this is the great offence the Magistrate committed - tempering justice with mercy - and is the only foundation for the probable reason for such disorderly occurrences."

Letter to The Editor (Part 3)

"Would Mr. KELLY show in what other conceivable manner the Magistrate could have acted. Had he any other alternative means or power of punishment? None whatever! He had no power to imprison in default of payment being a first offence. had it been a second or third he could have done so, but in this case he was powerless, and I contend, and I am sure every charitable man will agree with me, (and I include Mr. KELLY himself in the category), that the Magistrate's action in the case was more worthy of approval than condemnation. The concluding clause of this letter I do not think it any part of my business to refer to. I leave that to the parties themselves who are aimed at, but I repeat that, in my opinion, no Magistrate could have legally acted otherwise than was done by Mr. BERTEAU in the case referred to. The true and only cure for all such complaints, is the removal of this National Curse by Prohibition. Let us all work for that grand object, and we shall have no more such trifling causes for taking up so much valuable space in the Sun, for which courtesy please receive my thanks. Fair Play. (I enclose my card) Twillingate, Jan. 15."


"The wire is disconnected between this station and Gambo since Tuesday last, consequently we cannot furnish our readers with any news by Telegraph this week."

Jury List

"A public notice from the Stipendiary Magistrate which appears in another column, intimates that the Revision of the list of Grand and Petty Jurors will be held at the Police Station commencing 28th inst., and will continue until 11th day of February next."

Obituary (Part 1)

"It is our painful duty this week to record the death of Mr. John TEMPELTON, whose decease occurred on the 13th inst., at his late residence South Side. Mr. Templeton was so well known by all our residents, and his genial and amiable character so highly appreciated by his friends and acquaintances, that a very feeble and imperfect reference to his general character as a citizen and friend, may not be unacceptable to his many admirers. He was a general favorite. All parties - rich and poor - high and low - respected, esteemed and loved him His unaffected and amiable simplicity of manner and the ....... ....... of disposition that characterize our dear friend, met with the fullest recognition from all who had the happiness of his acquaintance. This friendly and generous display of his character was shewn on all occasions whenever his talented services were solicited, and he was ever ready to promote any movement that had in view the instruction of innocent amusement of the community among whom he lived and died:- and the deepest manifestation of sorrow and regret with which the sad news of his death has been received, as the strongest testimony that those feelings are general, sincere and heartfelt."

Obituary (Part 2)

"He was not what can be called a successful man in business matters, and this want of success can be traced to his large, openhearted, and unsuspicious dealings with many who took advantage of those beautiful traits in his character, and did not make the necessary returns for the advances made them, or for the liberality and generosity shewn them but for the least breath of suspicion never tarnished his personal dealings with the Public, and he leaves a name without reproach, and a loss that will not be soon retrieved. Mr. TEMPLETON was a native of Lanarkshire, Scotland, and came to this Colony some 16 or 17 years since, the greater part of that time was passed, in the service of the late Edwin DUDER, Esq., and of his son and successor, E.J. DUDER, Esq., the present head of that house; some few years since he started business on his own account, but as above stated was not successful in the undertaking. He leaves a Widow (daughter of R.P. RICE, Esq., JP., Greenspond) and three children to mourn the loss of a most affectionate Husband and Father, and a large and sympathetic circle of friends and acquaintances, who sincerely regret and deplore his early decease. "To weary hearts to mourning homes, God's meekest angel gently comes, No power has he to banish pain, Or give us back our lost again, - He walks with us, this angel kind, An gently whispers - Be resigned, Bear up, bear up, the end shall ......, the dear Lord ordereth all things well.""


"At Durrel's Arm on the 8th inst., Dora Mary daughter of Isaac and Malina Knighton BOURDON, aged 7 years."


"On Monday the 13th inst. Mr. John TEMPLETON, a Native of Thirpwood, Crossford, near Lanark, Scotland, aged 44 years. His painful illness was born with Christian fortitude, and humble submission to the Divine Will, and he leaves a Widow and three children together with a host of sorrowful friends to mourn their irreparable loss. "

The Mails

"Mails for the South will close at the Post Office here on Tuesday next at 9 p.m. The mails landed at Fogo from the Conscript, arrived here on Tuesday at noon, and left for the Bay the following morning. The first overland mail for the North will be dispatched from the general Post Office, St. John's on Tuesday next 21st inst."


"PIANOS AND ORGANS. On sale by the Agent: The Celebrated Mason & Hamlin Cabinet Organs. These organs are unequalled in quality of tone and workmanship. Every instrument is guaranteed for five years and will last a lifetime if properly used. Also Neumeyers (Berlin) well known first class .....cord overstrung Pianos equal to if not better than American Pianos of the same class, at two thirds the price of the latter. H.J.B. WOODS, Agent, 5 Water St., St. John's East. " "


Jan. 25, 1890

Meeting (Part 1)

"Public Health Meeting. In accordance with a requisition from some of the householders of Twillingate, the Stipendiary Magistrate called a Meeting at the Court House on Saturday, to consult as to the best methods of counteracting the spread of Diphtheria, which had given signs of rapid increase during the last few days. It was decided to form a new and more complete Board of Health, and also to establish a Vigilance Committee whose members should be selected from residents in the various coves and settlements on the two Twillingate Islands. By this means, it is hoped that the disease should it break out in any spot, may be more easily confined to that locality, the infected houses being quarantined and the medical men informed at once of such cases. "

Meeting (Part 2)

"In this terrible complaint, promptitude is everything; and it is better even to err on the side of prudence, than by negligence or rashness, to leave a door open to increased suffering and loss, since these have already been considerable in our community. We append the names of the Board of Health, and also the Vigilence Committee. Board of Health -- F. BERTEAU, J.P., Chairman / R.D. HODGE, J.P. Secretary / Wm. LETHBRIDGE, J.P., W. OWEN, J.P., J.B. TOBIN, J.P., Phillip FREEMAN, William HUGHES, John ANSTY, George GILLEOTT, Dr. SCOTT, John ELLIOTT, Dr. STAFFORD, Health Officer. Vigilence Committee - John PURCHASE, Philip FREEMAN, John ELLIOTT, Daniel HAMLYN, John ANDREWS, Francis ROBERTS, Thomas PRIDE, W.J. SCOTT, Jacob MOORS, William HUGHES, James PHILLIPSs, John MINTEE jr., James MINTEE, Thomas ASHBOURN, George GILLIOTT, James PARDY, John ANSTY, Elias ROBERTS, John RIDOUT, Elijah KENDLE, Henry HAWKINS. "


"This Society (we understand) has taken a step which deserves the highest commendation, and shows plainly that there is common sense in the heads, and good feeling in the hearts, of our hardy fishermen. It has been the custom of St. Peter's Lodge (No 12) to have a Procession, Sermon, Tea, and Entertainment, on Candlemas Day, (Feb. 2) as a fit and proper way of spending their Anniversary. But in consideration of what Diphtheria has already done, and the terrible possibilities that lie hidden from us, threatening to break out at any moment, the Fishermen have relinquished all that part of their Anniversary which either expresses public rejoicing, or would assemble together in their close Hall, those who might all unawares be the means of spreading infection. As it happens, Candlemas day this year occurs on Sunday. And the Lodge has decided to observe the day as a Sacred Anniversary and no Secular, by simply walking to St. Andrew's Church in the afternoon for a Sermon by their Chaplain. It so happens, being the first Sunday in the month, that a Service is usually held in the afternoon at St. Andrew's. So the Fishermen will neither give nor take special trouble, save that they will form themselves into a Procession, wearing their sashes as is customary. In no better way could they show the seriousness of the present distress, or express their sympathy with sorrowing friends and brethren, who have had, or who dread to have, cause to lament the spread of Diphtheria in our midst. And a similar line of conduct on the part of the Loyal Orange Association and Sons of Temperance would, we venture to say, be highly commendable. "

A Cure For Diphtheria.

"The following remedy was discovered in Germany and it is said to be the best known; At the first indication of diphtheria in the throat of a child, make the room close; then take a tin cup and pour into it a quantity of tar and turpentine, equal parts. Then hold the cup over a fire so as to fill the room with fumes, the person affected will cough up and spit out all the membranous matter, and the diphtheria will pass off. The fumes of the tar and turpentine loosens the matter in the throat and thus affords the relief that has baffled the skill of physicians. "

Letter to The Editor (1)

"A Letter From Rev. J.K. KELLY. Twillingate, Jan. 23, 1890. (To the Editor of the Twillingate Sun). Dear Sir:-- Your correspondent of last week who signed himself ""Fair Play"", would have been more entitled to that name if instead of hiding himself behind a nom de plume, he had shewn who he was by appending his own name to his letter. I shall esteem it a favour if you will allow me a little space, to point out briefly that the writer has both virtually and literally, contradicted himself. In the concluding paragraph of his very wordy letter, ""Fair Play"" refers to this subject as a ""trifling one""; pray Sir, can you tell me what claim a man has to the name ""Fair Play"" who takes up nearly three quarters of a closely printed column of you valuable space to air his opinions on what he considers is a trifling subject? The length of his letter would give one the idea that he considered the subject one of importance, but this notion is contradicted by himself when he calls it a ""trifling cause for taking up so much valuable space in the Sun"". Again Sir: I conceive that if Fair Play means anything at all by his letter, it is that the Local Option Law is being satisfactorily enforced by the authorities in this place; but in reply to the query ""How is it that such scenes (as those referred to in my letter) are possible in a Local Option District ?"" he says, ""I can only say that I cannot see why they are not as possible in such a District as in others, where the law is not in force."" "

Letter to The Editor (2)

"After laboring to prove conclusively that the Law is in force, he here says that it is not? What does he mean us to understand? That the law is in force, and that everything is in a satisfactory condition; or that the law is not in force and we may expect to witness scenes of dissipation, similar to those witnessed in communities where intoxicating liquor is openly sold? Concerning the incidents which occurred on the Coastal Wharf on Sunday Dec 8th, 1889, Fair Play tells us that Sergeant PATTEN did not see any person at the time committing any offence for which he could be legally arrested. On what authority is this statement made? We have only the bare statement of - some person or persons unknown -; for the statement is not even supported by the name of the one who made it, - which fact of itself looks extremely suspicious. I shall not attach the slightest importance to any such statements, at least until they are accompanied by the signature of the one making them. Thanking you for inserting this in your paper, and trusting that you will always be willing to open your columns for the discussion of questions of such importance as this, I remain, Yours Faithfully, J.K. KELLY."

House Fire

"A terrible calamity occurred on Monday night when a house situated in Hutching's Street was destroyed, and Father and three children perished in the flames. The man named GORLEY and family retired early, about 11 o'clock, the mother having toothache, sent the daughter down stairs for a bottle of Radway's Relief, when she discovered the fire. The parents immediately arose, the father thinking he could extinguish the fire without assistance, took a bucket of water from the hall and threw it on the flames, but without avail, and then went outside to make an alarm. Five children were still sleeping in the top flat, and ladders were quickly brought and two of them rescued; not seeing or hearing the others respond to the calls of the men on their ladders, it is supposed the father entered the house to rescue them, and perished in the attempt. When the bodies were recovered it was seen GORLEY died with the children in his arms, both wrapped in quilts. If toothache had not kept the wife awake, it is thought the whole family would have perished. The deceased was a Moulder at the Victoria Iron Works, a good workman, and a kind husband and father. The event has cast a gloom over the city, deep sympathy being felt for the survivors. The origin of the fire is unknown."

Ship Sinking

"The ""Plover"", JACKMAN, from Sydney was abandoned in a sinking condition on the fifth inst., eighty miles Southwest of Cape Race, the crew was rescued and taken to Philadelphia in the steamer ""Tancerville."""


Trinity and Bay-de-Verds election resulted in Grand Victory for the Government.

Ship Arrival

"The "Circassian" arrived from Queenstown on Thursday morning the passage occupying 14 days, experienced a succession of terrible gales, and is now detained being unable to penetrate the Ice Barrier, Weather severe, Harbor Frozen. "


"On the 16th inst., by the Rev. R. FREEMAN, A.W.N. BURT (Police Constable) to Amelia youngest daughter of Mr. Francis ROBERTS of Wild Cove."


Feb. 1, 1890


"Twillingate, 31st Jan., 1890. (To the Editor of the Twillingate Sun). Mr. Editor, Dear Sir:-- The ""Old Maids"" deemed is wisely to hold their Association down town on Tuesday evening. The attendance was much larger than heretofore, numbering 13, met about six o'clock as is the general rule with old maids, shortly after being seated all enjoyments were provided to make them homely. Discussion being introduced by the inquiry. Who was meant by the ""Old Maids Christian Association, mentioned in your last weeks issue? Was it the Dorcas Society? No. No. they continued their discussion till near eleven o'clock when they departed home, Mr. Editor, would you allow me to ask the readers of your valuable paper, what do the Old Maids' mean by meeting so often and in such large numbers? Do they intend taking us Old Bachelors by storm? If so then we better look out and keep all doors locked after eleven. Thanking you for space. I am, Reporter."

Letter re Quarintine (Part 1)

"Twillingate, January 29th, 1890. (To the Editor of the Twillingate Sun). Dear Sir:-- As I was passing a shop window the other day, I saw a notice, ""That every householder, tenant, &c., on becoming aware of having diphtheria in his house shall immediately give notice to the Magistrate or Chairman of the Board of Health, or else incur the penalty of fifty dollars,"" and it goes on to say ""If any man or woman leaving his or her house, such being the case shall be fined one hundred dollars."" Now Sir, can you inform me how the Magistrate or Chairman of any of the Board of Health are to find out I have diphtheria in my house unless he be informed by someone. If I leave my house to go to the Magistrate I expose myself and am fined one hundred dollars for it; and if I stay at home and conceal it I am fined fifty dollars; have I therefore to watch my child dying and not go for a Doctor, or have I to wait until one of the members of the Committee come? Perhaps, Sir, that would not be for a week, and if one came he may get as near to the child as twice the length of his walking stick, and then pronounce it to be a very bad case, and I think he would be just right in saying so, too, after no one is allowed to give a child anything until you see a disinterested person about it."

Letter re Quarintine (Part 2)

"I think it absurd; why not go at once for the family doctor and try to save the child's life. I once heard a M.D. saying that if a child took Diphtheria whilst its father was away from town, and died, the mother of that child should make its coffin! What a Christian he must be to be sure; why does not God translate him like he did Enoch, but no, I rather think he will be buried in the wilderness, as Moses was. Now Sir, if these laws are to be carried out (which I doubt) I cannot go out side my own doors, if I do, I expose myself; are any of the members of the board going to get water for me and my family? because if I go, I expose myself; or are they going to get necessaries from a shop, if anything is required for a poor sufferer? If they do not, who is? Can you answer that question, I cannot, for I am fined one hundred dollars. An old man that lived down East once said that you are fined for being alive. Now, I don't think he missed it altogether. I tell you what, Mr. Editor, closing day schools and Sunday schools, and allowing children to run about any place to suit their fancy, is not going to stop diphtheria. It doesn't take a very smart man to trace it, but it takes a very smart one to cure it, and stop it. Thanking you Mr. Editor for space in your column, Yours etc., Incurable. "

Death (Part 1)

"(To the Editor of the Twillingate Sun). Dear Sir:-- Many of your readers will doubtless feel some degree of interest in the following information. By the death of Mrs. SEANOR, Methodism in Rothwell, Yorks, England has lost one of its oldest members, and most consistent and faithful workers. Born in 1810 at Newcastle-on-Tyne, the eldest daughter of the late Mr. Andrew MARSHAL, (a well known standard bearer in that town), she was early imbued with religious interest, and in her 18th year joined the Church, and entered upon Sunday School work. Some years after she became engaged to the Rev'd. William MARSHALL, who came out to Newfoundland as a Missionary. After Mr. MARSHALL had been out several years, the subject of this notice also set sail, and in due time reached the port of St. John's. Here they were married, and afterwards lived for nearly four years at Twillingate."

Death (Part 2)

"Then Mr. MARSHALL fell ill, from frequent exposure and incessant toil, and was called by death to his reward. This event is still kept in mind by the stone erected by a sorrowing people at Twillingate. In 1846, Mrs. MARSHALL and her two sons returned mournfully to her Father's house, and engaged most successfully in God's work as a leader etc. Some nine years after (her Father and youngest child having died) Mrs. MARSHALL became the wife of Mr. Richard SEANOR of Rothwell, and here she lived a most useful and exemplary life. She was a member of the Methodist Church 62 years and a leader for 50 years. Her last illness was not long. For several years she had been gradually getting weaker, and after only little suffering, she passed away most peacefully, and with firm trust and confidence in Jesus her Saviour, on Dec. 6th, 1889, and in the house of her only son, with whom she had for some time resided. Her funeral was conducted by the Rev. J. R. IMMISON, and was largely attended. Yours Truly, J. HEYFIELD Parsonage, Moretons Hr, Jan 21."

Band of Hope (Part 1)

"""Methodist Band of Hope Meeting."" The first public meeting of the Band of Hope in Tizzard's Harbor was held on Jany. 23rd, in the Methodist church and proved a very interesting and profitable one. The proceedings commenced at 7 p.m. and lasted about two hours, under the direction of the Minister of the circuit -- who is also President of the society. After an opening hymn had been sung, Prayer was offered and then followed an address by the President. He told of the origin of ""Bands of Hope"", their progress and growing importance, and gave facts showing the good that has resulted from them in various parts of the world. A number of Recitations, Dialogues, and hymns were well given by the members -- one, by sickness, being unable to attend, her parts were taken by others -- as per enclosed programme. The church was comfortably filled, and all seemed to enjoy the proceedings. We hope for an increase in the membership of the Band as a result from this gathering. The story of ""Our Willie,"" from the pen of the Rev. Chas. GARRETT, made a very telling reading indeed. "

Band of Hope (Part 2)

"The singing of the last hymn gave the President opportunity to refer to the ravages made by death in the ranks of Christian Workers. Mrs. MARSHALL, (widow of the Rev. Wm. MARSHALL, first Methodist Minister stationed in Twillingate), had been recently called to her reward. She was a member of the Methodist church for 60 years, and a leader for over 50 years. She was much beloved and deeply lamented by all who knew her. Then the Methodist church has recently lost the Rev. Dr. WILLIAMS, one of her General Superintendents. He had served Christ and the Church for about half a century -- and was ever the uncompromising foe of the liquor traffic -- ""He being dead yet speaketh."" The meeting closed with prayer. PROGRAMME: Opening Hymn - 917 (s.m.) Methodist Hymn Book. Prayer by Rev. J. HEYFIELD, Supt. of Circuit. Address by President Band. Recitation ""Scripture Text"" by ten of the members. Recitation ""Drop In"" - Kenneth LOCKE. Recitation ""The Little Boy's Plea"" - Edward SMALL. Singing ""Standing By A Purpose True."" Recitation ""A Common Occurrence"" - Janet LOCKE. "

Band of Hope (Part 3)

"Dialogue ""Shall our Influence be for Good or Evil?"" - Selina SMALL, Janet LOCKE, Annie LOCKE., L. LOCKE, K. LOCKE. Singing ""Sound the Alarm!"". Recitation ""Mother Drinks"" - Phoebe SMALL. Reading ""Our Willie"" - Melina SMALL. Singing ""Sparkling & Bright."" Recitation ""The Right Sort of Boy"" - Cooper OSMOND. Recitation ""The Publican's Signboard"" - Irena WHEELER. Dialogue ""Wine is a Mocker"" - Misses Jane FRENCH, Selina SMALL, Annie LOCKE, M.A. FORWARD, Janet LOCKE, Annie c. OSMOND. Singing ""There are Lonely Hearts to Cherish."" Recitation ""My Position"" - Hedley OSMOND. Recitation ""The Young Hero"" - George LOCKE. Closing Address of President and distribution of pledge cards. Singing ""Work for the Night is Coming"". Prayer and Benediction. Officers of the Band: Rev. J. HEYFIELD- President. Miss Jane FRENCH - Vice President. Miss Annie LOCKE - Secretary. Miss Mary A. FORWARD - Assist. Secty. Miss Annie C. OSMOND - Treasurer. Managing Committee - All the Officers of the Band and Misses Hannah FORWARD, Janet LOCKE and Selina SMALL."


"The mails from Fogo and intermediate places arrived here on Thursday last. Owing to the bad travelling, the Mails coming North, is not expected to arrive at Gambo until Monday, and may be expected here about Thursday or Friday next."


"The annual sermon to the United Fishermen will be preached at St. Andrew's Church to-morrow afternoon by the Rev. R. TEMPLE, R.D."

Accident & Death

"The following was received by Telegraph last week: -- A workman named George HINDER at Murphy's Mill, Gambo, broke his leg just before Xmas 1889. He immediately proceeded to Greenspond in an open boat with a crew of men. The wind set in against them, and they were eight days getting to Greenspond. He endured great pain from the cold during the time. After they arrived at Greenspond the poor man was too far gone, mortification had set in. He died shortly after. He was buried at Greenspond but leaves a widow and three or four children at Gambo. The deceased was a native of Twillingate. "


"In consequence of the acceptance of Office by Sir W.V. WHITEWAY, and Mr. BOND - the former as Attorney General and the latter as Colonial Secretary, those gentlemen had to appear before their constituents for re-election on the 15th ult. The following was the result of the Polling: Sir W.V. WHITEWAY-- 12769 / Mr. R. BOND -- 1678 / Mr. GRIEVE -- 287 / Mr. CHRISTIAN -- 169. The two latter candidates being so ignominiously defeated, will forfeit their respective Nominations fees. It is reported they will both be sent to the Lunatic Asylum on their return to St. John's. There is no Christian of the Thornburn persuasion but must Grieve at the above painful news. "

By Telegraph

"(Special to The Sun) St. John's, Jan. 31. The free will offerings from Gower and Cochrane Streets Methodist Congregations Thanksgiving Sunday, amounted to nearly twelve hundred dollars, and from George's and Flemming Streets congregations last Sunday over eighteen hundred dollars, these magnificent amounts go towards liquidating the debt on Churches. "


"The steamer ""Caspian"" from Halifax, was off Cape Race jammed on the twenty-fifth inst. Owing to heavy ice was unable to get in and went to Liverpool without landing Newfoundland mails and passengers. The ""Circassian"" got clear on Sunday. Buyers left by her via Halifax. Captain JACKMAN and crew arrived by ""Miranda' last week; this is her last trip till April. The ""Miranda"" leaves today. The ""Conscript"" arrived from Halifax to-day. The ""Fiona"" left Trinity twice since elections and had to put back twice owing to ice, she started again on Tuesday and had to put back at Random. Sir William and Honorable BOND left the steamer there and came overland arriving here to-day."


"Hundreds of citizens are suffering from influenza. James BRYDEN, Sr., died suddenly Tuesday. Shannon CLIFT died Wednesday. Hon. Charles BOWRING died last night, after a brief illness, death cast gloom over the community."

French Rights

"French rights in Newfoundland was discussed in chamber of Deputies. SPULLEN, foreign minister, claims France's right as sacred as England's and possession as absolute to catch fish, including lobsters. Newfoundland parliament creates trouble. Permanent establishment required for lobster industry, negotiations pending and FLOURENS declared the rights of fishermen violated. France may send naval division and land men with exclusive jurisdiction without English permission, it is for us to protect our men and our interests. Admiral HANTY said rights of France was absolute but lobster fishery was a new feature. SIECLE says, France probably would consent to arbitration but England must compel Newfoundland to accept decision. "


"Seines. Seines. Cod, Caplin and Herring Seines good quality and properly mounted and low price made to order by Gloucester Net & Twine Co., Boston." "


Feb. 8, 1890

Public Notice

"For Preservation of Game and other Animals, 48, Vic., Cap. 12. No person shall hunt, kill, wound, take, purchase, sell, barter, give away, receive, or have in his possession any Ptarmigan, Grouse or Partridge, within the limits of this Colony and its Dependencies, from the Twelfth day of January until the First day of September in any year. No person shall hunt, kill, wound, take, purchase, sell, barter, give away, receive, or have in his possession any Snipe, Blackbird, or any other wild or Migratory Bird (except Geese and Sea Fowl) within this colony or its Dependencies from the Twelfth day of January until the First day of September in any year. No person shall hunt, kill, take, wound or destroy any Deer within this Colony or its Dependencies, by Slips, Pitfalls, Traps or otherwise than by shooting, nor between the First day of March until the fifteenth day of July in any year. No person shall hunt, kill, wound, take, purchase, sell, barter, give away, any Wild Rabbit or Hare within this colony and its Dependencies from the First day of March to the First day of September in any year. No person shall take, kill, wound or destroy any Otters or Beavers, within this Colony between the First day of April and the First day of October in any year. Any person acting in contravention of the provisions of this Act shall incur the penalties of the Law provided in such cases. F. BERTEAU, Stipendiary Magistrate, Police Office. Twillingate, February, 1890."

New Paper "Evening Herald"

The above is the name of a new paper which comes to us this mail, and was issued for the first time on January 15th, as previously intimated in our telegraphic dispatches. It takes the place of the discontinued Mercury and is published in the interest of the Opposition, Mr. A.B. MORINE being the editor and Mr. J.A.E. FURNEAU proprietor. The Herald comes to us in an entirely new dress, and presents a very creditable appearance. It is well that there should be a good opposition organ, and we trust that this new journal will be conducted with honor to its projectors and credit to the colony at large, and so long as it is we wish it success. "


"A Letter From Kitty Woodburn". Maidens Repeat, February 5, 1890. (To the Editor of The Twillingate Sun) Dear Sir:-- The best thanks of the O.M.C.A. are due to the Reporter for concise reports of our previous social gatherings. It does cheer our hearts even to be taken so much notice of in this way, by our poor old Bachelor friends who must have suffered dreadfully during the past cold nights. At an early meeting our subject will be: ""Why don't they propose?"" The discussion promises to be very animated and will turn on a certain old Bach whom we have been watching for many a weary month past. Come now old friend wake up and do the right thing at once by the poor Lassie you have been dallying around there long enough. The O.M.C.A. can't afford this hunting and it is a very ticklish point with us if we don't expose you unless you act promptly after this warning. Some of our other poor withered Bachelors had better look out for our new motto is ""Tit for Tat"". Yours lovingly, Kitty Woodburn, P.S. -- We hear he is sick and no wonder. [Transcriber's Note: This item is in reply to a previous letter to the Editor from the Old Maids Christian Association. See the transcriptions for 1 Feb 1890 - first item.]"


"Herring Numerous". Five Boats Wrecked. We are indebted to a Placentia correspondent for the following: -- ""Herring have been very numerous in the bottom of Placentia Bay for the last two months. Upwards of twenty-five frozen cargoes and three salt cargoes have already left for market. The Americans purchase them at the rate of 30 cents per basket, frozen. Our fishermen do the freezing themselves on scaffolds on shore. American's formerly did this on the decks of their vessels; but the latter system enables them to complete a cargo in one night."" ""Five Boats Wrecked"". ""A destructive gale, which occurred here on the 9th instant, drove five boats from the harbor of Sound Island, all of which were lost on the shore outside of Black River. It is not known whether all the crews were saved, as some of the crafts went down quite a distance from the shore, leaving only parts of their masts above water."" -- Evening Telegram."


"Society of United Fishermen Fogo, held their anniversary on Wednesday evening."


"The Mails for Fogo and intermediate places will close at the Post Office here on Monday next at 4 p.m. The first overland Mail from the South arrived here on Wednesday last, and a return one left this morning."


Mr. GLADSTONE received 200 telegrams and 500 letters congratulating him upon his 80th birthday.


"Before leaving Little Bay, Mr. BURGESS was the recipient of two addresses, one from the Little Bay Rifle Club and the other from the Terra Nova Billiard and Reading Club, to which he made suitable replies."


"A dispatch to the Evening Telegram from Channel dated Jan 13th says: ""Mary Jane WALL, a young woman belonging to Cape Ray, left Channel for her home early on the morning of the 7th inst., got astray and perished. Her body was found yesterday at the mouth of North River Brook, Grand Bay. "


"Messrs. P.F. LeMESSURIER, Church warden, P.G. TESSIER and E. LONG, on behalf of the congregation of St. Mary's parish, presented the Rev., John ROUSE with a purse and address on Thursday last, upon the occasion of his retirement from the charge of the Parish, to assume the position of Principalship of the C.E. Theological College in this city. The address and reply will appear in the next number of the Diocesan Magazine. -- Evening Herald, Jan 18."

Ship Lost

"A message has been received by Messrs THORBURN & TESSIER informed them that the barquentine ""Leander"", CONGDON, master, was lost by shipwreck on the Barbados coast. The Leander cleared out from the Customs here on the 26th December for that port, laden with 2,611 quintals of fish, 268 brls herring, 16 brls salmon, 1 cask cod liver oil, 41 bundles shoogs, and 1,000 puncheon hoops. -- Evening Telegram, Jan 10."

Church Fund

"We observe from our contemporary the Daily Colonist, that Bishop MacDONALD has recently been visiting St. John's where he received contributions towards the re-building fund of the Harbor Grace Cathedral amounting to the handsome sum of eight thousand dollars. This must be very encouraging to the good Bishop in his zeal to erect a structure in the place of the beautiful edifice that was destroyed by fire a few months ago."


"We notice that Diphtheria has lately been prevalent in parts of Trinity Bay, and a good many children, and some more advance in life, have been its victims. Referring to a fatal case, the Evening Telegram of the 17th ult says: ""A message was received this afternoon from Heart's Content announcing the death there from diphtheria, of Mr. S.S. BAILEY, a prominent operator of the telegraph staff. He was a man of family, fourty-four years of age, of robust, healthy habits, and one who would never be suspected to fall a victim to that disease."""

For Sale

"A Dwelling House, Store, two small Houses for hay, etc., a stove, two punts, and a potato Garden. Two sheep will be given to the buyer of the above. It will be sold for $240. Eli BLANDFORD."

Death (Part 1)

"The Late Alexander S. REID Esq., M.A., Chief Clerk and Accountant in the office of the Financial Secretary. Such is the simple announcement which will convey to many throughout the length and breadth of the land that a venerable, genial and familiar face has passed from amongst us. For Mr. REID was known and esteemed by all sorts and conditions of men. His official position brought him into contact with all ranks and classes, and there are none, we venture to say, who ever left his presence without a sense of his kindly courtesy his, his unwearied industry, his official efficiency, and his anxiety to oblige, regardless of his personal labour or convenience. Such has been the record of 15 years in the onerous and responsible office which he held. Through all the changes of political life, as one administration succeeded to another, he had alike the respect, the esteem and confidence of all. This is of itself no mean tribute to his memory; for whilst, with a vigorous intellect and a keenly analytic cast of mind, he must have formed his own independent judgement upon political questions of the day; with quite reservations he retained his convictions within his breast. And thus full of years and with ""golden opinions from all sorts of people"" he has gone to his reward. "

Death (Part 2)

"His Christianity was harmonious with his everyday life, gentle, modest and unobtrusive. Guileless himself, he thought no evil of any man, and spoke none. Even to those who feel the sharp pang of bereavement, there is consolation in the thought that his gentle life was gently rounded off by a peaceful and painless ending. Mr. REID was a native of Haddingtonshire, and born in 1819 was a ""Queen's Year Man"", He received his early education at the Mathematical and Classical institution in Endinburgh, and subsequently at the University of Edinburgh. His early life was devoted to the instruction of youth, and he was for some years connected as a teacher with the University of Sackville, whence he came to St. John's in charge of the Wesleyan Academy, from which, after some years of efficient management, he retired. In 1875 he assumed his late position in the office of Financial Secretary and the various incumbents of that office have one and all united in the expression of their admiration of his marvelous efficiency, his phenomenal memory of dates and incidents, his unwearied industry, and his conscientiousness, which was almost morbidly sensitive. In fact it is an open secret that it was his devotion to duty, and the overwork which he imposed upon himself, that induced his last illness. He may be said to have died in harness. We are sure that all who knew the good old man will unite in heartfelt sympathy with his sorrowing family and friends. -- Evening Herald, Jan 24."


"The sermon preached by Rev. Father RYAN, in the Cathedral on Sunday last, must have made a deep impression on every parent present. It contained a wholesome moral for the youth of the city. The Rev. gentleman described the temptations that beset the young after leaving school, and besought boys to beware of bad company and its consequences. In all communities there are more or less evils and temptations besetting the paths of the young; but there could be no greater one than the sheen. Not only is the after-night drinking house a rendezvous for young boys, but fathers of families are oftentimes found there also. It is to be hoped that the discourse of the Rev. Preacher will not be without bearing fruit. -- Daily Colonist, Jan. 18. "


"The Total Abstinence Society are beginning already to make preparations for the Centennial celebration of Father MATHEW, next October. They have ordered a handsome banner, which will be spread to the breeze for the first time on that occasion. The flag will be an extremely rich one, and it is anticipated will cost very little short of $400.00. The Society will also turn out in a new regalia on that occasion. -- Ibid."


"Among the Deacons ordained at the recent ordination of the Bishop of Rochester was Dr. McGARRY, LLD. Dublin, D.CCCL., Durhaim, recently the Pastor of the Wesley Chapel, Eastbourne. "

From St. John's

"The remains of the Hon. Charles BOWRING was laid to rest on Sunday. Thousands of citizens attended the funeral; all classes lament over the deceased's death, which was caused partly from an attack of influenza. / Diphtheria is diminishing; restrictions for preventing children attending Churches and Sunday Schools is removed. / Legislature meets sixth of March, preparation of public accounts causes lateness in opening. / The Conscript sailed for Halifax on Tuesday night. / A few old seals was killed at Grates Cove last week. / There was a grand Carnival at City Hall Rink Tuesday night, and resulted in a grand success. / A severe thunder and lightning storm passed over this city on Wednesday night. / John HAWKINS, a cooper at Brownings Bakery was killed on Saturday evening by falling over the stairs while attempting to get a barrel down; He was a married man and had nine children. / The Prince and Princess of Wales contemplate visiting America this spring, the journey will be confined to New York, Canada and possibly to Newfoundland. / Glover Hotel, Topsail, was destroyed by fire six o'clock this morning. / Missionary tea meeting held there last night. / Northern mail expected today. / Condor sailed for Demerara on Tuesday evening. "


"On Dec. 24th Christmas Eve, at Hampton, N.B., after a very short illness, Emily, the beloved wife of the Rev. James A. DUKE, Methodist Minister, and daughter of the late Thomas KNIGHT, Esq., of St. John's ""Her end was Peace."" The deceased was sister to M.T. KNIGHT, Esq., late Representative for Twillingate and of Mrs. HEYFIELD, wife of the Methodist Minister at Moreton's Harbor." "


Feb. 15, 1890


"The annual festival of the ""North Star"" Division, Sons of Temperance, will take place (D.V.) on Tuesday next, 18th inst. and the members are respectfully requested to meet in the Hall at noon preparatory to attending Divine Service at St. Peter's Church. Tea to commence at 4 o'clock. An interesting and instructive programme will be prepared for the evenings entertainment, to commence at 6.45 p.m. Tickets for tea and entertainment are 30 cents each, and can be purchased from either of the following members; Bros. Geo. ROBERTS, F. LINFIELD, W. J. SCOTT, C.D. MAYNE, Geo. BARRETT, or C. WHITE. "


It is said that over three thousand laborers are now employed on the Hall's Bay Railway.


The mail coming North left Gambo Thursday morning and is expected to arrive here on Monday.


A company is being organized to work the coal and iron beds in the district of St. George's.


"We are requested to announce that the annual Missionary Meetings in connection with the Methodist Church will be held (D.V.) on Monday 17th inst., at Little Harbor, Wednesday, 19th on the South side. Thursday, 20th on the North side. All are heartily welcome. Collections will be taken at all the services for Home and Foreign Missions. "

By Telegraph (Part 1)

"(Special to the Sun) St. John's, Feb. 12. First overland mail arrived on Saturday. No mail from the Mining Districts yet. / ""Viola,"" Captain JOLIFE, arrived here Friday, being thirty-six days from Lisbon. / Total Abstinence Dramatic Club, rendered 'Ten nights in a bar room' before a crowded audience on Friday night, proceeds benefit Father MATTHEW's centenary celebrations fund. / Influenza is abating, hundreds of citizens suffered form an attack but few cases proved fatal. / William DODGE and son, belonging to Conn River, Hermitage Bay, were killed last week while they were returning from hauling their bultows, but the weather being very rough, they landed at a small cove surrounded by high hills, and while endeavoring to climb up, they were carried to the bottom by a snow slide, and killed. "

By Telegraph (Part 2)

"(Special to the Sun) St. John's, Feb. 14. Norway's catch of fish at Lofloden Island up to the 10th instant amounts to nine hundred thousand quintals. / Rev. F.R. DUFFIL lectured to a large audience in the Athenaeum on Monday evening; subject, ""Newspapers and their Editors."" The lecturer gave a brief history of the growth of printing press, and graphically elaborate on potent influence which the press exerts. The lecturer interespersed humorous illustrations affording pleasure and profit. / Case of selling unsound canned meat lately tried in the Police Court before Judge PROWSE; the accused was found guilty and fined twenty-five dollars./ Men from Harbor Main District were looking for employment on the railway last week. The commissioners since decided to issue five hundred more tickets. / Philip RYAN, Long Harbour accidentally killed George PAUL belonging to Fortune Bay while hunting a few days ago; Paul moved from his position, the shot struck him instead of the Deer. / A girl eight years old was burnt to death at Scilly Cove, on the tenth instant; the Father, Robert PIERCEY went to the woods early, leaving the child in care of the older ones, who left the house. Deceased tried to light a fire with shavings when the flame caught her clothes and soon reached the body which caused death. / A man named William HUTCHINGS was accidentally killed while walking over the ice with a heavy load of wood on his shoulder. He suddenly fell the wood crushing the side of his head as he lay on the ice. He leaves a wife and three children. / The Conscript left Halifax Wednesday. / The Society of United Fishermen held their Anniversary last night quite a success." "


Feb. 22, 1890

C. BOWRING (Part 1)

"Death of Hon. C. BOWRING at his Residence Forest Road. We deeply regret to learn of the death of the Hon. Charles BOWRING, which occurred at his residence, Forest road at two o'clock this morning. He had an attack of erysipelas, and further complications of disease, which ended fatally. Mr. BOWRING was the second son of the late Charles BOWRING, senior partner in the firm of BOWRING Bros., and grandson of the late Benjamin BOWRING; who established the business in Newfoundland. After finishing his education in England, the deceased was for several years in Liverpool office. A little over 24 years ago he was active in the Newfoundland trade. Since his uncle John's retirement, he had charge of the business here, whilst his oldest brother, W.B. BOWRING, controls at Liverpool. Under Mr. Charles BOWRING's able management, the business in Newfoundland has been largely developed, consolidated and made a very paying concern. He took also an active part in all our public affairs; he was member of Assembly - took a lively interest in all our public institutions; was President of the Athenium and leading director of the Union Bank. "

C. BOWRING (Part 2)

"He was one of the chief owners of the Atlantic Hotel, and of a number of other institutions. He always took a great interest in everything connected with the city and the colony. Mr. BOWRING married the daughter of the Hon. J.H. WARREN and has a large family. Mrs. BOWRING has ably seconded all her husband's public works and is always the foremost figure in all local charities, especially those connected with the Church of England. To the bereaved family we tender our heartfelt sympathy at their loss of a kind husband and most loving father. -- Colonist. Laid to Rest. Charles BOWRING Buried. ""After Life's Fitful Fever."" The funeral of the late Hon. Charles BOWRING took place from his residence, Forest Road yesterday afternoon. The sun shone brightly but the air was keen with frost and the rain of the previous day made walking difficult. Notwithstanding this, hundreds of citizens of all classes, amongst whom were numbers of females, testified the esteem in which the departed merchant prince was held, by thronging the road in front of the family mansion, long before the hour appointed for the funeral. "

C. BOWRING (Part 3)

"Flags drooped at half-mast at Government House and at the mercantile premises throughout the city. The body was enclosed in a handsomely mounted rosewood casket. A silver plate on the lid bore the simple inscription: -- Charles BOWRING, aged 50, 1890. Counsellor CARNELL had charge of the funeral arrangements, and a little after 2.30 his attendants, with heads uncovered, conveyed the casket from the chamber where it had reposed, and placed it on the hearse. Beautiful floral wreaths, tributes from loving hearts, adorned the head and foot, and a cross composed of superb calla lilies and exquisite ferns, occupied the centre of the casket, while several wreaths drooped from the sides. The Pall Bearers were: -- Sir W.V. WHITEWAY, R.H. PROWSE, Esq., Sir R. THORBURN, H.J. STABB, Hon. G. RENDELL, Hon. J.S. PITTS. The procession was formed as follows: -- Frank BOWRING and Willie WARREN. Messrs. John and Edgar BOWRING. His Excellency sir T. O'BRIEN and Secretary. Rev. J.C. HARVEY and Mr. F. RENNIE. Employers of BOWRING Bros."

C. BOWRING (Part 4)

"Citizens of all classes. Sleighs. Long before the last of the cortege had left the house of mourning, the hearse had entered the cemetery. At the entrance of the Church yard, the corpse was met by the Rev. Ambrose HEYGATE, Senior Curate of the Cathedral, and the Rev. John ROUSE, Junior Curate, both clergymen walked before the body, the latter impressively reciting the opening sentences of the beautiful ritual of the Church of England for the burial of the dead; the Church bell tolling at intervals. Inside the mortuary chapel the services over the remains were performed by the same gentleman. At the grave the closing ceremonies were conducted by Mr. HEYGATE, who committed the body to the grave, ""Earth to earth, ashes to ashes, dust to dust, in sure and certain hope of resurrection to eternal life."" Thus was laid to rest in God's Acres all that was mortal of Charles BOWRING -- a good citizen, and one whose many excellent traits of head and heart endeared him to all classes and creeds of the community. ""After life's fitful fever, he sleeps well."""


"The North Star Division, Sons of Temperance, held their annual Festival on Tuesday last. Divine service was attended at St. Peter's Church, when Rev. R. TEMPLE preached a suitable discourse. Tea was prepared in good style. At the evenings meeting, addresses, recitations, dialogues, &c., composed the programme. The speakers were Rev. H. WHITMORE, Rev. R. W. FREEMAN, Rev. J.K. KELLY, and Rev. W. REX, all giving lively and enthusiastic speeches in advocacy of Temperance principles. A full report of which will be furnished next week. "


"A Sad Case of Hardship." On January 24, Jacob WARFORD of Herring Neck, poorly clothed and considerably worse fed, while in one of the Arms procuring wood, had one of his feet severely frozen, nevertheless he managed to walk home where he remained for about a week. When symptoms of mortification setting in, he was brought to Twillingate and placed under the care of Dr. STAFFORD. The Doctor, after administering chloroform, amputated about half of the foot. The patient, owing to his enfeebled condition, nearly succumbing to the operation. However, under careful management the poor fellow rallied, and since then has been progressing very favorably. In about two weeks more he will no doubt, be able to return to his family, who reside at Herring Neck. There were present at the operation the Rev. R. TEMPLE, Mr. Josiah COLBOURNE, and Mr. Thomas ASHBOURNE. This adds another to the list of skilful operations performed by the doctor since his residence amongst us. "


"On the 19th inst., the wife of Sergeant PATTON of a daughter."


At Watson's Cove on the 28th of December the wife of Mr. Phillip HAMILTON of a daughter.


"At Fortune Harbor on the 8th ult., the wife of Mr. Thomas QUIRK jr. of twin boys. "


"At the same place on the 17th ult., the wife of Mr. John LANNON of a son. "


"At the same place on the 21st. ult., the wife of Mr. William GILLISPIE of a daughter."


"At the same place on the 13th ult., the wife of Mr. John CARROL of a son."


"At Fortune Harbor on the 15th . By the Rev. Father GARAHAN, Mr. John HEALEY of Black Island, to Ellen, oldest daughter of Patrick and Marrisa POWER."


"On Dec 12th at Fortune Harbor of croup William aged 9 years and on the 14th John aged 14 years, sons of Patrick and Bridgett POWER. "


"At the same place and the same day of Croup, Margaret youngest daughter of John and Bridgett CAREY aged 6 years. "


"On the 28th ult., at Fortune Harbor Thomas fourth son of Alexander and the late Catherine GILLISPIE, after a long and protracted illness, borne with christian resignation to the divine will in the 19th year of his age. The deceased was always of a kind and amiable disposition. He is much regretted by a large circle of friends and leaves a father and five brothers to mourn his loss. The deceased's mother died last July after a short illness. Both their ends were peaceful. May they rest in peace. "


"On the 30th ult., Charles, second son of the late C.T. BOWRING of Liverpool."


"On the 31st ult., after a short illness, borne with Christian resignation to the Divine will, Captain Thomas ASHMAN, in his 85th year of his age, an old and respected resident of St. John's and for may years a merchant of Herring Neck. "


Contributed by George White (2003)
Jan 4, 1890 to Feb 22, 1890 transcribed by Ron St.Croix (Jan. 2003)

Page Revised by Craig Peterman (February 2003)

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