Newfoundland's Grand Banks Message Board

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Author:  hilaryblake1 [ Thu Jan 12, 2017 10:22 am ]
Post subject:  Mikak

Mikak and her 6 year old son, Tutauk and 7 other Inuit were captured at Chateau Bay in 1768-69 and taken to London. While in London, Mikak and a Moravian Missionary named Jens Haven talked of a peace treaty between the Inuit and the Moravians. Mikak and Tutauk returned to Labrador 2 years later where she began a campaign amongst the Inuit to accept the Missionaries.
Mikak re-married when she had returned to Labrador to a man named Tuglavina.
Mikak’s third and fourth husbands were Sirkoak and Paulo.
Mikak’s sister was named Kunek.
It was believed by the Inuit that Mikak was an Angekok (shaman).
Mikak died in Nain at the age of 55 years on October 01, 1795. Because of strained relations between the Moravian Mission and Mikak, she was not baptized until before her death.
Mikak’s father was Nerkingoak, a chief.
Tutauk was renamed Palliser and christened Jonathan Palliser.
Pallisers are descendants of Tutauk.

Author:  gmitchell [ Fri Jan 13, 2017 7:18 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: Mikak

I would like to add several points to what Hilary has written here on the Inuit woman Mikak;

(1) Mikak and eight others (women and children) were captured during a bloody battle in November of 1767 whereby English troops from York Fort (Chateau Bay) fired upon the Inuit near Cape Charles killing up to 24 Inuit (including Mikak's husband) - see - Garth Taylor. The Beaver, Winter, 1983 and Hans Rollmann, Inuit Studies, volume 39(1), 2015.
(2) This bloody skirmish was precipitated by the killing of three of a local merchant's men earlier that year by the Inuit. Until recently, it was suggested that this event was caused by the Inuit. Recent evidence has more fairly attributed the culpability to the merchants men who tried to rob the Inuit of their legally acquired trade goods - see - Hans Rollmann, Inuit Studies, volume 39(1), 2015.
(3) The 'peace treaty' referred was actually negotiated between Governor Hugh Palliser and the Inuit during a large gathering in Chateau Bay in August and September of 1765 with the Moravian brethren acting as interpreters and agents of the British Crown. see - Averil Lysaght, Joseph Banks in Newfoundland and Labrador 1766, Berkeley Press, 1971, CO 194;16,ff 59-62 and G. Mitchell, Newfoundland Quarterly, Volume 98(1), 2005.
(4) A discussion of the treaty took place within the British Government until the Moravians were granted land in Labrador; some believe as a result of their part played in the negotiations and their promise to contain Inuit in the north and away from the British ship fishery (which ultimately failed). See - multiple Board of Trade records between 1765 and 1769, John Kennedy, Encounters, McGill University press, 2015, pages 42 - 47 and Unveiling NunatuKavut at ... ukavut.pdf .
(5) The other six Inuit who were captured with Mikak were incarcerated in St John's until August 13th of 1769 when HM sloop Nautilus returned two women (one of them Mikak), one boy of nine years old (Tutauk) and two girls of ten years old to an island in, or near, Byron Bay in northern Labrador. These two women and three children were put ashore with enough supplies for a month. There are no records of what happened to the other three Inuit, except for the boy Karpik who died in England. see - ADM 52/1380, HM Sloop Nautilus and Hans Rollmann, Inuit Studies, volume 39(1), 2015.
Just a few added points for anyone interested in Labrador history.
Greg Mitchell

Author:  hilaryblake1 [ Tue Jan 17, 2017 3:03 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: Mikak

Thank you for your information Mr. Mitchell. To keep adding:

At Cape Charles, Captain Nicolas Darby attempted to operate a whale fishery with the Inuit in that area. A struggle occurred and at least 20 Inuit were killed.
4 women, 2 boys and 3 girls were taken prisoner. One of the women was Mikak and one of the boys was Karpik.
*Mikak's first husband was killed by traders

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