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 Post subject: DNA Test Results of Fanny Bowe, Cupids
 Post Posted: Thu Jan 28, 2016 6:04 pm 
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This message ties into the Bickford & Bussey, Martha Mountane and Indians Brigus message board queries posted throughout the "Looking For" section of the blog, and concerns recenet atDNA test results for a 3 Gen descendant of Fanny Bowe (1819, Cupids, CBN) received on Jan 26, 2016. As a starter, here is a brief genealogical sketch of Fanny Bowe, who according to ancient community and family oral traditions was reported to be a so called "half-breed Indian", where her mother Mary Jane Bussey (of Joseph Bussey & Fanny Page(mtDNA HV*)), was reported to be "full-blood Indian"! However, recent atDNA testing of a granddaughter of Fanny Bowe b. ca. 1950 at Lance Cove, Bell Island, CBN has revealed that both community and familoy traditions are categorically and undeniably false. The atDNA test results have debunked the family tradition as a community folklore or legend that may have started as a rumour or speculation going back to Brigus-Cupids, CBN ca. 1830-1850, where this family may have had associations with one of the Indian or Inuit families from there, such as Margaret & Thomas (1810), Bareneed Indian (or Inuit) group in 1819 as baptized by missionary Rev. Ellis, or either Martha Mountane and Elizabeth Faulkner, both b. ca. 1839 Labrador, and listed as Labrador Indians, in the Brigus UC-Methodist parish registers and vital stats. Here is a brief family history sketch: Fanny Bowe (b. 1891, Cupids) is the daughter of George Bow(e) (of William Bowe & Fanny Rowe, both of Brigus-Cupids, CBN) & Mary Jane Bussey (of Joseph Buss(e)y & Fanny Page, both of Brigus-Cupids, CBN). Although oral community and family history state that Fanny Bowe was 1/2 "Indian" (or Inuit), where her mother (Mary Jane Bussey) was believed to be full-blood "Indian" (or Inuit), combined with the retention of some stereotypical Siberian or Native American (or Inuit) features in one living descendant (6-7 Gen direct matrilineal) of the Bickford-Rees family line, being the granddaughter of Fanny Bowe & great-great-granddaughter of Joseph Buss(e)y of Cupids (b. 1831), would suggest that there may be some plausibility or truth to the oral traditions, however controversial and questionable, recent FTDNA Family Finder autosomal DNA testing from this test participant (granddaughter of Fanny Bowe) has conclusively shown that the biogeographic ethnic origin percentages are 100.0% European (71.0% West-Central European, 11.0% Scandinavian, 11.0% British Isles, 4.0% Eastern Europe, & 3.0% Finnish-Northern Siberian). So the community and family oral traditions are not wholly true, unless of course that the 3.0% Northern Siberian reflects a distant NA or Inuit substrate residue, from a 6-7 Gen NA or Inuit ancestor. Such dicrepant test results may require additional atDNA testing from another commercial genetic genealogy testing company or private molecular genetics research laboratory, to cross check or cross-reference the veracity of the biogeographic origin calculations, although such additional testing would only make a difference of app. +/- 1.0 %, so statistically insignificant! The community first and then family oral tradition accounts may have started where the identity of Joseph Bussey was mistaken or misrepresented as Inuit or Labrador Indian, and was exaggerated as a rumour or legend which then became mythologized over time. The recent DNA test results imply or infer that Fanny Bowe's grandfather Joseph Bussey may have been, from a genealogical or ethnic perpsective, only a "half-breed Indian or Inuit" with app. 37.5%-25.0% East Asian or Northeast Siberian atDNA, where Fanny would have been only app. 9.375%-6.25% East Asian or Siberian. This may account for the discrepant 3.0% North Siberian DNA in the genome, which may point to distant Inuit or NA ancestry, namely the father or mother (app. 75.0-50.0 % EA or NE Siberian) of Jospeh Bussey who would have been born ca. 1800-1810. So despite oral family and community tradition otherwise, for all intensive purposes Fanny Bowe and her direct matrilineal descendants are of Western European or Anglo-Irish origin-mystery solved and myth debunked. The case study highlights the importance of not placing too much weight or confidence in community and family oral traditions, or the retention of certain stereotypical NA or Inuit features which may survive in attested descendants as phenotypic craniofacial traits as late as 6-7 Gens from a single purported uniparental NA or Inuit ancestor.

As for an explanation of the discrepant atDNA test results, given the app. 4.0% Eastern Europe DNA matches, with strong matches from Ukraine, Poland, Czechoslovakia and Russia, an alternative theory is that the Bussy family (perhaps from Austro-Hungarian or Slavic Busse) emanating from England may have been of part Eastern European ancestry, such as Ashkenazic Jew. Likewise, the discrepant 3.0% Northern Siberian component may reflect a distant Scandinavian ancestor with a Baltic or Finno-Ugric (Saami or Lapp) component, who migrated from there to Eastern England.

My fiance who is herself a registered and documented Labrador Inuit (1/2 with proven NE Siberian, New World NA, & Central Asian atDNA DNA) through Nunatsiavut was somewhat surprised or rather shocked when she saw the test results as she has seen my mother firsthand and can attest to the East Asian or Siberian facial features which she has correlated to her biological mother. She has also seen photographs of my mother's mother (Julia or Mary Julie Bickeford nee Ree/Rhys) and has confirmed the craniofacial similarities between her mother and my grandmother, who some have equated to part or half Filipino (South Asian).

Perhaps testing the biological mother (b. 1915) of my mother would have picked something up in the atDNA. So the DNA test results don't lie, it is what it is and its not what its not. To make a long story short the family was living a lie for around 130 years or more. They were told by community residents from both Bell Island and Cupids-Brigus and then confirmed the strory through their mother Julia Bickford (nee Rees) who heard it through their mother (Fanny Bowe) Where the rumour started back in Cupids-Brigus in the mid-1800s and by whom is not known at present and remains a mystery. One thing is certain Fanny Bowe and her mother were successful in tricking local community residents into believing that they were 1/2 and full-blood Indians-even those who had frequent contact with Labrador Inuit in SE Labrador through the seasonal Labrador fishery out of Cupids-Brigus-when in fact the DNA test reults have shown that they could have been no more than 6-9% and 12-18% EA or NE Siberian genetic ancestry, or biogeographic ethnic origins. Unless they were mimetic tricksters, chameleons or shape-shifters, they were successful in fooling a lot of people. Ultimately, how it all started is irrelevant, as the story is clearly proven to be wrong. Right is right and wrong is wrong, and its clearly not right to state that this family is of NA or Inuit origin or even distant ancestry.

The lessons to be learned here: never take family or even community oral traditions at faithfully at face value, they are not always truthful or correct, as they can be subject to distortion, misrepresentation or exaggeration over time throughout the generations. Unless one of your maternal-paternal ancestors has a direct genealogical connection to a Native community, where the paper trail can be definitively linked to that community through parish registers or vital statistics, and unless members of that Native community can attest to the veracity of that oral tradition claim, it is neither safer nor wise to make any claims to NA or Inuit ancestry, despite what family-community oral traditions say, what vintage photographs or daguerrotypes show in soft tissue craniofacial features or physiognomy. In other words, prior to conducting archival geneological research on your family tree take an at(autosomal)DNA test first and then see how it fits in with the paper trail, before making any claims otherwise.

It is safe to say that this family history case file or study, with respect to any attested, reported or speculated NA (whether NL Mc, Lab Montagnais, or even as laughable as it may sound, the now extinct Beothuk) or Inuit connection, is closed and ready for archival shelfing. So to summarize: mystery solved and myth debunked alas.


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 Post subject: Re: DNA Test Results of Fanny Bowe, Cupids
 Post Posted: Fri Jan 29, 2016 12:38 am 
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Here is a web link for a copy of the Rees-Bowe family photograph as posted on NL Gen Web:

http://nl.canadagenweb.org/cb_bowephoto.htm

The recent FTDNA Family Finder at(autsomal)DNA test results have confirmed that the woman at far left may be either pure Western European or part Indian/Inuit, being no more than app. 6-9% NA with predicted or calculated Inuit EA (East Asian or Beringian Northeast Asian) biogeographic ethnic origin component percentages!


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 Post subject: Re: DNA Test Results of Fanny Bowe, Cupids
 Post Posted: Mon Feb 01, 2016 1:05 am 
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For anyone interested some close FTDNA Family Finder atDNA 3-5 cousin matches for Fanny Bowe's grandchild include Bussy (CBN), Bursey (TBN), Pollett (TBS), Robert David Pike (Carbonear-Harbour Grace), Bickford (Bell Island), Bartlett (Brigus-Cupids), Sheppard, Noseworthy (Carbonear-Harbour Grace), as well as Anstey, Maria Ash Pike (Little Island, BB),...Other 3-5 cousin matches include Benoit, Marche and Stride, common NL Mc family names from the South and West Coasts. I will add one more commentary in the coming few days oultining the rationale as collated from from existing circumstantial and archival evidence for positing Joseph Bussey (b. 1831, Brigus, CBN) as the paternal ancestor of Fanny Bowe who was the suspected mixed blood NA or Inuit ancestor. This evidence links the Bussy family of Brigus-Cupids, CBN with the Neal and Bartlett families of the former place of residence, indirectly placing them close in time and space to the 1819 baptism incident at Bareneed of 7 Labrador Indians (or mixed blood) Inuit through Captain Bartlett and the Anglo-Irish language informant or interpreter Mr. Neal. who spent time on the Labrador working and living with lcoal Inuit or mixed blood Inuit groups (Kablunanngajuit) therefrom. This evidence also corroborates or supplements the recorded and preserved oral community history from Cupids-Brigus, CBN and Bell Island-Lance Cove, CBN, and family history passed down in the Bowe, Bickford, Bussey and Rees family lines.


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 Post subject: Re: DNA Test Results of Fanny Bowe, Cupids
 Post Posted: Mon Feb 15, 2016 12:43 am 
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With regard to the recent calculated My Origin biogeographic ethnic origin percentages for a Bowe matrilineal descendant, with specific emphasis on Scandinavian (11.0%), Finnish & Northern Siberian (3.0%) and Eastern Europe (4.0%) components, as outlined in the previous blog commentaries under this thread here is what FTDNA Family Finder Learning Centre has to say about the ancient origins & migratory path of each ethnic origin component, as excerpted below:

Scandinavia

The people of Scandinavia thought of their homeland as an island because it is relatively isolated from the rest of the world by the Baltic and other seas. This isolation and later association with the Finnic peoples, however, have changed them in ways that are genetically clear. A sister cluster to Western and Central Europe and British Isles, the Scandinavia cluster has developed in moderate seclusion, influenced by the arctic heritage it shares with those from the Finland and Northern Siberia cluster.

Its history is rooted in the original hunters of Europe and the late arrival of farmers only about 5,000 years ago. Members of this cluster are kin to other Europeans of the north. The migrations of the Norse spread the Scandinavia cluster west and east. As the Vikings expanded from the south of the Scandinavian region, this cluster absorbed Lapps and other people who were exemplars of Finland and Northern Siberia. An expansion over the past 2,000 years has brought this heritage from the nearer shores of continental and Atlantic Europe, all the way to the plains of the Dakotas in the United States.

Eastern Europe

The Eastern Europe cluster is the dominant group between the tundra and the steppe in Eurasia’s northwest. They come from the area where the North European Coastal Plain joins the forests of Central Siberia. This ancestry is seen across many Eurasian groups. It is most often associated with Slavic and Baltic cultures. It has deep connections with the migrations of nomads from the steppes in Iran, who also carried evidence of Central Asia. And is fundamentally European as it faces east expanding outward from there.

Members of the Eastern Europe cluster are mostly the same hunter-gatherers who moved north and became the Finland and Northern Siberia people. Their ancestors married and had families with the farmers who pushed out of the Near East and associated with the Asia Minor cluster. The Eastern Europe cluster is a combination of Middle Eastern farmer, Western European hunter, and Siberian nomad.

Recorded history tells us that many cultures have a part in this cluster, such as the Slavs, Germans, Polish, Bohemians, Bulgarians, Russians, Scandinavians, and Finnish.

Finland and Northern Siberia

The world is not such a wide place at the top and the bottom. The Finland and Northern Siberia cluster began around the arctic as hunter-gatherer peoples. They have carried their genes down to the modern era. The Finland and Northern Siberia cluster stretches from Lappland east to Greenland. Though genetically diverse, the root of many of these populations is a genetic signature found most often in Finnic peoples.

These are the descendants of hunter-gatherers who withstood the push of the farmers. They adapted and flourished in a new age. Like the Bering Expansion, this cluster goes beyond conventional divisions and has clear connections with both east and west. Even the New World is connected to Finland and Northern Siberia due to their shared kinship with ancient Siberia.

Humans were pushed into the deep north only within the last 30,000 years, going where no Neanderthal had dared. With connections to populations in the south, the northerners maintained long term lateral connections and developed a coherence as the ice retreated. Finland and Northern Siberia has its roots with Saami hunters and fishers as well as Uralic, Russian, Swedish, and even Scandinavian ancestries.

(https://www.familytreedna.com/learn/ftd ... -clusters/)

With regard to the FTDNA Family Finder atDNA test results for a single Bowe matrilineal descendant (grandaughter of Fanny Bowe) (b. 1891 Cupids, of George Bowe (of William Bowe and Fanny Rowe) & Mary Jane Buss(e)y (of Joseph Bussey & Fanny Page), referenced in this blog note that only one sibling has taken the test to date. It is known that different siblings may inherit different segments of atDNA so it may be that other siblings from the same matriline may exhibit or express atDNA fragments or segments reflecting EA (East Asian), NE Siberian or even NA ethnic origin. Newfoundland & Labrador Family Finder Project coordinators emphasize this point, as a disclaimer:

"* Different family members might have inherited different DNA segments and so it can be helpful to test several family members" (https://www.familytreedna.com/groups/nfld-lab-ff/about)

As an additonal precautionary disclaimer the same project coordinators also caution potential testees:

"Note, however, that it is not yet possible to use DNA to identify specific tribes that might be in a person's ancestry (such as Beothuk, Mi'kmaq, etc.). Also note that if a person has a low amount of native DNA (such as below 2%) then it might not be detected."

I personally know of at least 3 people who have take this test who have had results come back as 100.0% European, while a father/mother of the said participant who had taken the same test had results come back as 3-4% NA or EA, confirming that the FTDNA Family Finder atDNA test does not always detect EA, NA, or NESiberian ethnic origin components below 2.0%, namely 1.5-1.99%. The evidence collated to date seems to suggest that FTDNA has a 2.0% threshhold limit or cap, where generally speaking for most participants at least anything below 2.0% will not always register as a detected percentage.

As a further point of discussion testing additional Bowe matrilineal descendants, namely grandchildren of Fanny Bowe, may not reveal any additional information on the obscure ethnic origins of this matriline. Furthermore, it is presumed that the sisters and/or brothers of Mary Julia Rees (of Fanny Bowe and Leonard Rees) of Lance Cove, Bell Island, CBN have all passed away, so expanding this type of atDNA test one generation back to prove or disprove any reported Indian or Inuit ancestry is beyond the domain of current commercial DNA testing.

Outside of the test participant noted above other siblings from the same patriline seriously question and doubt the veracity of the recent atDNA test results. They still believe the community and family oral tradition accounts which insist that Fanny Bowe was 1/2 Indian and her mother was an Indian, some of which are summarized below:

"I don't know if she was Indian or Inuit. All I know is that they came down from Labardor on a schooner"; "Fanny Bowe was only half Indian, her mother (Mary Jane Bussey) was an Indian"; while others notably some residents of Brigus-Cupids, CBN and Bell Island all categorically stated-"I don't think that she was a pure-blood", "I think that she was only one-half Indian", or "I heard something about that before (Fanny Bowe was 1/2 Indian)", and the lsit goes on and on ad nauseum........ So essentially this family tradition started out as a community oral tradition first and foremost originating as a locus or epicenter in Brigus-Cupids, CBN (ca. 1819-30) and was transferred thereafter to Lance Cove, Bell Island, CBN following the emigration of the Bowe family from the former place of residence to the latter (ca. 1914-5). The community oral tradition was then transferred and fossilized as a family oral tradition, where residents from the community of Bell Island told the family descendants of the so called Indian (or Inuit) connection-so they grew up hearing this tradition or fmaily lore every day, without knowing the exact details of its origin, evolution and true nature.

As a final note, it may turn out that the 3.0% Northern Siberian (and perhaps the 4.0% Eastern European with know origins in the Eurasian steppe and with affinities to the Northern Siberian component) may be a cover-term for as yet undetected NA atDNA that somehow bypassed the microarray chip target SNPs in the population reference database, either being undetected or getting lumped into the NSiberian category. Some amateur genetic genealogists, commerical genetic genealogy testing company public relations spokespeople, and molecular genetics researchers that I communicated with have speculated that the Northern Siberian component may turn out to be a cover term for Native American (but more testing of samples is required to prove or disprove the hypothesis)-who knows, God only knows! Going by the reported final FTDNA Family Finder atDNA test results at least, and given the recorded craniofacial features that have survived in some living Bowe-Rees direct descendants it is quite hard to believe (and almost laughable actually) that Fanny Bowe was only 6-8% (1/16) NA/EA/NESiberian. I would believe 1/8-1/4 but not 1/16, and a lot of other people would believe the same-wow! LOL! But then again I have heard anecdotally that some NA phenotypic traits, which seem to be oftentimes autosomal dominant, persisting down the generations to 1/32-1/64 blood quantum-so who really knows, what we see in the photographs, some living descendants in accord with family-community oral testimony are just residual or fossilized autosomal dominat phenotypic traits that linger down to 1/64 NA ancestry!

I am confident that the same argument will extend to the Peck (Pick) patriline emanating from Trinity, TB North-Piper's Hole, PB with a reported or suspected French (Breton) Indian (app. 1/2 (37.5%) Montagnais, or even now extinct Beothuk) connection going back to a single female ancestor, b. ca. 1800 (mother of John Richard Peck/Pick (later Pike)), emanating from the Red Indian Pond area of Piper's Hole River, PB. Some of the phenotypic traits that have survived in living descendants from this group, which may (emphasis on may) point to distant NA, EA or even Northern Siberian through Scandinavian-Lapp (Finno-Ugric) ancestry include: 2/7 full epicanthus, 5/7 partial or no epicanthus; 2/7 medium to dark complexion, 5/7 light to medium, with high tanning potential; 1/7 raven black, 5/7 jet black eye colur, 1/7 dark brown hair colur; 1/7 dark brown-black, 1/7 green-hazel, 5/7 blue-grey eye colour; 5/7 moderate to high cheek bone, with 2/7 high cheek bones with winged or flaring zygomatic arches; 2/7 hooked Indian nose, 5/7 straight; 3/7 Simian or cut hand (single transverse palmar crease); 5/7 lactose intolerance; 1/7 sacral or Mongolian spot; 2/7 partial Sinodont (shovel-shaped incisors), 5/7 Sundadonty; 3/7 no wisdom teeth, w/ bony accretions at the base of the lower front palate; as well as 3-4 rare neuromuscular-muscoloskeletal and/or neuroendocrinological hereditary conditions. While none of these conditions occur exclusively in one ethnic group or another, as a cluster they seem to point to some type of distant (perhaps 1/64) EA or Northern Siberian ancestry. Note that some of these phenotypic traits such as epicanthus, lactose intolerance, high cheek bones, and jet black hair occur among both so called "Black Irish" (perhaps reflecting an ancient pre-Celtic Mediterranean substrate in Ireland) kin groups or Scandinavian groups, with known contact to Finno-Ugric Northern Siberian kin groups such as Saami-Lapp through prolonged intermarriage. As a disclaimer having either one or all of the above phenotypic traits does not imply or suggest, either directly or indirectly, Native American, NESiberian or even EA (Circumpolar Inuit) ancestry.

I suspect that a future 750,000 SNP atDNA test for a 7-8 Gen direct descendant from the Peck-Pick patriline noted above will yield no more that 0.00%-1.5% EA (with a possible 1.0-3.0 % Northern Siberia) and nothing more. As a Peck descendant I personally will not go out and purchase an atDNA test any time soon to determine the degree of any ancestry such as NA, EA or NESiberian, other than what shows up in the reconstructed family tree, that is namely Western European (Anglo-Irish with 3 reported French ancestors goin back ca. 1770-90), despite the exected or reported mixed blood French Indian ancestor going back to ca. 1800, whose father was born ca. 1770-80 (246 years ago, or 8.0 Gens)-its just too far back to be detected by current DNA testing. Anyways, it is what it is. They say that DNA does not lie. Perhaps future atDNA testing from taken by another sibling of the Bowe-Rees matriline from another commercial DNA testing company may or may not reveal an alternative explanation for the enigmatic origins of the unknown identity of the missing or phantom ethnic ancestor in this particular family line-no one really knows, God only knows and I guess that time will tell!


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 Post subject: Re: DNA Test Results of Fanny Bowe, Cupids
 Post Posted: Wed Nov 09, 2016 6:56 pm 
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Here is what National Genographic 2.0 has to say about the Finland/N Siberia (or NW Russian) biogeographic ethnic origin component:

Finland and Northern Siberia:

This component of your ancestry is associated with the polar regions of Eurasia, stretching from Finland to eastern Siberia in Russia. Similar to other northern regions, this region of Eurasia was settled late and primarily by hunter-gatherers who could survive on the edges of the receding icesheets, and did not take on agriculture until very recently. Although this area may appear distant on a map, members of this population eventually expanded as far east as Alaska, Canada, and North America, and their genetic legacy is still seen in Inuit populations as far east as Canada and Greenland, but also Sami populations as far west as Finland and Sweden. Your ancestors were true circumpolar settlers.

Today, this genetic component of your ancestry is seen in Finnish, Russian, Alaska, and Canadian populations, and in low frequencies among some Native American groups farther south.

(https://genographic.nationalgeographic. ... -next-gen/)

Nat Geno 2.0 concedes that this marker is also attested among Canadian and Greenland Inuit, as well as among some Native American (Central Algonquian and Northern Na-Dene/Athapaskan) groups further south, albeit at lower frequencies-perhaps resulting from asymmetric and/or bisymmetric gene flow or introgression from neighbouring Eskimo-Aleut kin groups in the Arctic Circle and Southern Labrador (cf., prehistoric Dorset Inuit or Palaeoeskimo population distribution in SE NL & early-late historic Neo-Inuit or Thule kin groups inhabiting the Northern Peninsula of NL and Labrador Straits region extending into Quebec North Shore). Given this evidence, it is quite possible indeed that a fraction (say app. 50.0%) of the 3.0% Finland/Northern Siberian (and by extension perhaps also the 4.0% Eastern Europe) components detected in a recent FTDNA Family Finder atDNA test for a 3rd Gen direct matrilineal descendant of Fanny Bowe, may in fact derive from Labrador or Greenland Inuit kin groups, and not Finno-Scandinavian (Finland/N Siberia/NW Russia). In other words, the FTDNA computer algorithm and filter for detecting assayed SNPs in the targeted 700.000 SNP array may have lumped the EA or Greenland Inuit DNA into Finland/N Siberia, or the Greenland Inuit population reference sample formerly used by National Genographic, which also shows high Finland/N Siberia biogeographic ethnic components, apparently reflecting a Northern Siberian Circumpolar or Beringian founder population, is not used as reference population by FTDNA. If this is fact the case, then it is quite possible that the 3.0% Northern Siberian component may reflect app. 1.5% Inuit DNA! Several molecular geneticists and genetic genealogists with whom I correpsonded with on the topic of the Finland/N Siberian atDNA component through e-mail in the last 2-3 years have informed me that it is sometimes difficult if not impossible to distinguish or filter the shared Finland/Northern Siberian component attested in the Canadian Arctic Inuit & Greenland Inuit population reference samples from the same one attested in the Finland/NSiberian/NW Russia ones. Some of the geneticists with whom I contacted susggested that the Finland/NSiberian ethnic component may in fact reflect Inuit and not Finno-Scandian ancestry-in other words they may be Inuit markers and not Finno-Scandian ones. Future testing of Canadian Arctic & Greenland Inuit populations with analysis of test results to filter out Finno-Scandian from Canadian Arctic & Greenland Inuit atDNA markers with a focus on the so called shared ancient ancestral Finland/N Siberian/NW Russian biogeographic ethnic origin components may shed some light on this mystery. In the meantime, further atDNA testing on the Bowe matrilineal descendants is planned through several other commercial genetic genealogy testing companies, namely 23andMe, AncestryDNA and perhaps National Genographic 2.0 Project to see how the final test results compare and/or contrast with each other. It would be interesting to see if either 23andMe or AncestryDNA can in fact pick up or filter out the Finland/Northern Siberian components from the EA (East Asian) ones!


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 Post subject: Re: DNA Test Results of Fanny Bowe, Cupids
 Post Posted: Tue Dec 13, 2016 1:24 am 
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For anyone interested in atDNA testing for any direct descendants tracing uniparental ancestry back to the Brigus-Cupids, CBN Indian or Inuit extended kin group, such as Bowe-Rowe (or many others), here is another link from the DNATribes website, which like both FTDNA and Nat Geno 2.0, adds weight to the theory that some Finnish/Northern Siberian atDNA markers as observed in Greenland Inuit (and other Canadian Arctic Inuit) groups, may in fact be ancient Beringian Standstill echoes or traces shared by a common ancestor between both groups somewhere in South-Central Asia. The details of this theory are summarized below in the following extract:

"The 5,000 simulated Greenlandic samples were further compared to approximately 1,300 populations (both native and Diaspora) in the DNA Tribes® population reference database. Figure 6.a summarizes the results and shows that:

Finland is the top population match for 1.3% of Greenlandic individuals; this may imply that
the native Finnish (Lapp) signatures in modern Finnish samples share some commonalities with the modern Greenlandic populations."

The only way to filter or tease out the Finland/Northern Siberian ethnic components, which FTDNA & Nat Geo classifies as NW European or West Eurasian!, from Beringian Siberian and Circumpolar Inuit, as attested in the Brigus-Cupids, CBN kin group, would be a private whole genome sequencing atDNA study of reported family members emanating from the area with an attested Lab Inuit or Innuat connection. Such a low-cost whole genome study in the distant future beyond that offered by contemporary 700-750,000 SNP Illumina chip Next Gen throughput sequencing through commercial genetic genealopgy testing companies, would be to wait for Third Generation parallel processing whole genome analysis (for which some advanced non-commercial private laboratories are beginning to target 30-40 million or more SNPs). In the meantime, detailed atDNA test results from another commerical genetic genealogy testing company outside of FTDNA will be posted for a direct descendant (maternal granddaughter) of Fanny Bowe which does demonstrate a low-level (< 2.0%) EA/NA biogeographic ethnic origin percentage in the coming 3-4 mths. (Mar. 2017)-so there is indeed "a grain of truth" to the family and community oral traditions.


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 Post subject: Re: DNA Test Results of Fanny Bowe, Cupids
 Post Posted: Tue Dec 13, 2016 1:32 am 
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Here is the website link for DNATribes quote as referenced before:

http://www.dnatribes.com/dnatribes-dige ... -04-23.pdf


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 Post subject: Re: DNA Test Results of Fanny Bowe, Cupids
 Post Posted: Wed Dec 14, 2016 12:04 am 
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On a tangential thread of the Finland (NW Russian/Northern Siberia) (3.0%) & Eastern European (EE) (4.0%) biogeographic ethnic origin components detected in a direct matrilineal descendant of the Bowe patriline emanating from Brigus-Cupids, CBN, with a known connection to Southern Labrador, and a suspected Lab Inuit ethnic tracing back to a single uniparental ancestor, this commentary concerns the presence of Finland & EE ethnic components detected in several ancient Paleo-Indian and pre-contact Eastern Algonquian Amerindian (Que Mi’kmaq) reconstructed nuclear whole genome sequences, suggesting that the low-level frequencies attested were not derived from Viking (Scandinavian) contact-gene flow, but seems to have been a part of the Beringian Standstill-New World Amerindian (Palaeo-American, or Palaeo-Indian) founder gene pool. If one downloads the whole genome sequence data files from these ancient DNA samples, namely MARC1492 (female of Restigouche, Quebec, ca. 1600), Kennewick Man, and Clovis Anzick-1 from the aDNA Genetic Genealogy Tools (http://www.y-str.org/) and plugs the downloaded files into DNALand website (https://dna.land/) ancient DNA calculator or predictor, one can derive the approximate or estimated biogeographic ethnic origin breakdown for each-according to the proprietary statistical algorithm of DNALand’s research laboratory (New York Genome Center & Columbia University joint partnership). The results of this ethnic origin breakdown area as follows:

Anzick-1:

I. Native American 86.0% (Native American 77.0%; Amazonian 8.6%)
II. Siberian 5.8%
III. West Eurasian (North Slavic 6.7%)
IV. African 1.4%
V. Ambiguous 1.4%

(http://www.y-str.org/2014/09/clovis-anzick-dna.html)

Kennewick Man:

I. Native American 71.0% (Native American 67.0%; Amazonian 4.3%)
II. Northeast Asian 17.0% (Siberian 13%; Nganasan 3.1%; Tubalar 1.2%)
III. West Eurasian (Northeast Europe 7.4% (North Slavic 6.2%; Finnish 1.3%))
IV. Northwest Europe 1.0%
V. East Africa 1.5%
VI. Ambiguous 2.2%

(http://www.y-str.org/2015/07/8300-ye...kennewick.html)

MARC1492:

I. Native American 74.0%
II. East Asian 18.0% (Northeast Asian 16.0% (Siberian 12.0%; Nganasan 3.0%; Tubalar 1.0%) + Cambodian/Thai 2.0%)
III. West Eurasian 7.2% (Central Asian 5.8% (Indo-Iranian 4.6%; Kalash 1.1%) + Finnish 1.4%)
IV. Ambiguous 1.0%

(https://drive.google.com/drive/folde...zh5V2psYzNrd0U)

A few comments regarding the so called “West Eurasian” ethnic component, namely the North Slavic one, are worthy of further note. This component ranging from 6.2-6.7% in Palaeo-Indian aDNA samples, but lacking in the MARC1492 one, seems to correspond to FTDNA-Nat Geno Eastern European, which in turns shares features as a population reference cluster with Finland/Northern Siberia. The Finnish/Northern Siberian component is present in Kennewick Man and MARC1492, at app. 1.3-1.4% respectively. Finally, MARC1492 (Raghavan et al. Science (July 21, 2015), "Statistics for Eight Holocene-Aged American Ancient DNA Samples") has an Indo-Iranian (South Indian or ASI-Ancestral South Indian) and SE (South-Eastern Asian or Oceanic) component while the other aDNA samples clearly lack it.

Regarding the North Slavic component this may be an UP (Upper Palaeolithic) South Central Siberian residue shared in common between the ancestors of ANE (Ancient North Eurasian) (Mal’ta-1 & AG-Afontova Gora 3) & Paleo-Indian (Beringian) founders. For example, Eurogenes Ancestry Blog analyzes Karitiana (a proxy for North-Central-South NA reference populations in FTDNA & National Genographic-along with Surui & Pima) breaks down Karitiana as: Ulchi 64.45%, AG-3 34.2, & Dai 1.35%-roughly consistent with the ANE estimation of app. 37.0-41.0% predicted by Lazaridis et al 2013 & Raghavan et al 2013.

Raghavan et al., Upper Palaeolithic Siberian genome reveals dual ancestry of Native Americans,Nature, (2013), Published online 20 November 2013, doi:10.1038/nature12736

Iosif Lazaridis, Nick Patterson, Alissa Mittnik, et al., Ancient human genomes suggest three ancestral populations for present-day Europeans, bioRxiv, Posted December 23, 2013, doi: 10.1101/001552

It remains to be proven if the biogeographic ethnic origin percentages calculated or predicted for the Maritime Archaic Indian nuclear DNA samples are intermediate between the Palaeo-Indian and early contact (400 BP) Mi’kmaq ones outlines above.


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 Post subject: Re: DNA Test Results of Fanny Bowe, Cupids
 Post Posted: Thu Jan 19, 2017 11:59 am 
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For anyone interested in Bowe family history from Cupid's, PdG, CBN, I will upload my mother's GEDMatch atDNA results in the coming 2-3 wks. to show that there is indeed a low-level NA-EA signal of app. 1.0%-1.5% identical to that of my father and I. Other than that there is absolutely nothing to report on Bowe family genetic genealogy.


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 Post subject: Re: DNA Test Results of Fanny Bowe, Cupids
 Post Posted: Sun Jan 29, 2017 9:41 pm 
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Just came across this on-line tid bit which validates the possibility that some Finland-North Siberia (what AncestryDNA calls Finland/NW Russia) bio-geographic ethnic origin percentage components attested in some FTDNA customer or test participant's MY Origin webpages, may in fact point to or suggest Native American origins. As per previous blog commentaries relating to the 3.0% Finland-North Siberia (and perhaps the 4.0% East Europe) found in a 3rd. Gen direct maternal descendant of Fanny Bowe, this recent result may hold some relevance. As per the recent uploading of the ancient Anzick-1 Paleoindian sequenced genome to FTDNA aDNA database, this Finland bio-geographic ethnic origin component has been detected in the Anzick-1 burial, Montana, USA, dated to ca. 12,500 BP. A bio-geographic ethnic origin percentage breakdown for Clovis Anzick-1 is as follows:

New World 68.0%
East Asian 20.0%
European 11.0%
Central/South Asian 1.0%

(https://dnaexplained.files.wordpress.co ... rigins.png" onclick="window.open(this.href);return false;)

Note: Information excerpted from the following webpage:

https://dna-explained.com/2016/12/08/jo ... sioux-man/

This is 11.0% West Eurasian component is pretty close to the app. West Eurasin 6.7% North Slavic & and 5.8% Siberian (probably West Siberian or Ural-Volga) detected in the DNA Land database calculator for Anzick-1 and Kennewick Man. It is not known if and/or how this app. 11.0% Finland/North Siberia is related to the ANE (Ancient North Eurasian) (Afontova Gora & Mal'ta-1) genomes reconstructed for UP (Upper Paleolithic) samples from South-Central Siberia. National Genographic, DNA Tribes and FTDNA support the hypothesis that Finland-North Siberian components are attested in Circumpolar-Arctic Inuit and to a lesser degree at lower frequency some Subarctic (Northern Canadian) Native American groups.


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 Post subject: Re: DNA Test Results of Fanny Bowe, Cupids
 Post Posted: Wed Feb 01, 2017 3:16 am 
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This is the last thing that I have to say on the Fanny Bowe atDNA quagmire or paradox. As the emerging atDNA studies on the Finland component as attested in Paleoindian samples and extant Circumpolar Greenland Inuit (as discussed in previous threads) is demonstrating, I am quite certain now that the 1.5% or even 3.0% of the Finland-North Siberian component, and perhaps even 2.0%/4.0% of the Eastern European component, as observed or detected through a FTDNA Family Finder atDNA test, in a direct living Bowe descendant (namely my biological mother) may in fact be a weak signal for Circumpolar Inuit or even Subarctic Central Algonquian (East Cree-Mont-Nask), that has nothing to do with near Finland or NW Russian ancestry-but that may never be proven or disproven otherwise through current atDNA or aDNA testing! But then again with advances in future DNA testing, who really knows, only time will tell!

Going back full circle after 20 years of conducting independent research on the area of study I am taken back once again to the family photograph of Fanny Bowe (of George Bowe & Mary Jane Bussey), her child, and mother-in-law. (http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/ ~cannf/cb_bowephoto.htm). I now have reached a place in my life where I realize that I have nothing to prove to anyone with regard to defending an argument for or against a distant uniparental NA or Inuit connection for the Bow(e) patriline of Brigus-Cupids, CBN. I sincerely and wholeheartedly feel and know that the "photograph speaks volumes", or "a picture says a thousand words". I have shown the same photograph to hundreds of people, both Native American-Inuit & Western European, through my many years of travel throughout Canada from coast-to-coast. All are consistent without doubt or reason to argue otherwise. Everyone that I showed the photograph to all said without exception, "She looks Native", or "she looks Indian". As a thought (gedanken) experiment, I am convinced that if I were to set up a blind research study project and have a stand set up on a downtown sidewalk in a major multiethnic metropolis and randomly showed the same family photograph to passer-bys and asked their opinion on "what group do you think that this woman belongs to" or "where do you think she comes from"-without given anyone bacground information in a caption- I am willing to bet that almost all perhaps 90/100 people interviewed will all agree that "she looks Native", while perhaps 10/100 would say half-Asian (South, or SE Asian). Very few if any (say 1-2/100) would say that she was of Western European origin, such as Anglo-Irish. I have yet to see a Western European woman, with the exception of some NE European (Saami/Lapp) or a handful of Scandinavian women with a known or attested Saami/Lapp connection, that show NA/Inuit phenotypic traits or features. But then again this would be an extreme measure of proving a point that is already known. It would be redundant and pointless, amounting to a desperate plea at external validation of "going too far with it" or "grasping at straws" to prove something that very few would disagree with. Despite the discrepant and somewhat paradoxical atDNA test results and gaps in the published parish registers which fails to conclusively prove a NA connection by pinpointing a given uni-parental ancestor in the family, I defend the oral traditions of my mother's family which consistently argues for a NA origin-the "proof is in the pudding", and "a picture does not lie". At present, the evidence suggests that this reported NA connection emanates from either the maternal or paternal side of the (Le) Bow(e) patriline of Brigus-Cupids, CBN which ultimately emanates from Trinity, TB North and also with a known Labrador connection through the (Le) Rowe side. The only thing left to do now is to draft and publish through NL Grand Banks Message Board in the coming 4-6 wks., a detailed manuscript outlining the uploaded raw data GEDMatch test results for a 2 Gen direct matrilineal descendant of Fanny Bowe-and that closes the chapter on that family history-genealogy.

The evidence will speak for itself, and as such I relinquish all egoic attachment to it. My work is done with this, and I have nothing to prove anymore.

Veritas vos liberabit


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 Post subject: Re: DNA Test Results of Fanny Bowe, Cupids
 Post Posted: Fri Feb 17, 2017 5:12 am 
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GEDMatch Raw Data Analysis:

Here are the raw data results for the recently received AncestryDNA atDNA test results for my biological mother, granddaughter to Fanny Bowe (of George Bowe (of William Bowe & Fanny Rowe) & Mary Jane Bussey (of Joseph Bussey & Fanny Page)). Note that these results are primarily intended for direct living descendants of the Bowe patriline emanating from Brigus-Cupids, CBN, or of other living descendants tracing ancestry back to the mother of George Bowe, namely Fanny Rowe. Hopefully, this research and the test results herein will encourage other members of the Bowe-Rowe patrlilines to participate in future atDNA testing.

After transfer or uploading of AncetryDNA raw data files to GEDMatch the following bio-geographic ethnic origin ancestry percentages have been calculated or estimated using the bio-informatic algorithms for each ancestry model or test according to Admixture Proportions & Admixture Proportions by Chromosome. Note that the calculated percentages for each reference population at each chromosome (1-22) are formatted horizontally in a row with each collated result divided by 22 giving the estimated average percentage. Note also that bio-geographic ethnic origin percentages are given only for East Eurasian, South Asian, Southeast Asian (Oceanic, Papuan-New Guinea, Polynesia), East Asian, Northeast Asian (Beringian & Canadian Arctic Inuit), and New World NA (Native American-North-Central-South Amerindian).

MDLP K11 Modern:

Amerindian (1.0, 1.2, 4.1, 1.5, 1.5, 1.8, 0.2, 2.7)/22 = 0.63636364
ASI (Ancient South Indian) (0.2, 1.3, 1.2, 2.0, 2.9)/22 = 0.34545455
Oceanic (1.3, 0.1, 1.6, 1.6, 1.5)/22 = 0.27727273
SEA (South East Asian) (0.8, 0.4, 4.6)/22 = 0.26363636…
Siberian (3.2, 3.3, 2.2, 1.1, 0.7)/22 = 0.47727273
TOTAL: 1.9999997

MDLP K16: No data-algorithmic calculator inoperative.

MDLP K23b Admixture:

Amerindian (2.7, 4.7, 2.1, 1.9)/22 = 0.581818182
Ancestral Altaic (5.4, 5.9, 7.5, 4.5, 5.3, 1.7, 1.0, 7.5, 9.7, 5.3, 5.6, 3.7, 2.9, 8.0, 9.3, 5.7)/22 = 4.04545455
SCAsian (6.0, 11.0, 5.4, 6.5, 2.3, 6.3, 4.3, 4.1, 7.6, 1.7, 5.4, 7.7, 4.2, 6.5, 8.3, 4.8)/22 = 3.9681818182
Arctic (1.4, 0.9, 3.1, 0.1, 2.2, 0.3)/22 = 0.363636…
South Indian (4.2, 1.0, 0.5, 2.2, 3.1)/22 = 0.5
Australoid (1.2, 0.7, 2.5, 1.8, 0.3, 0.7)/22 = 0.32727273
Austronesian (0.9, 1.4, 2.2, 1.2, 0.1)/22 = 0.2636363..
East Siberian (1.3, 2.1, 1.0)/22 = 0.2
Melano-Polynesian (0.2, 0.1, 3.6, 1.9)/22 = 0.2636363..
SEAsian (1.1, 0.5, 2.4, 3.5)/22 = 0.34090909…
TOTAL: 10.8545454…

NOTE: If one excludes the Ancestral Altaic (4.04545455 %) and South Central Asian (3.9681818182 %) percentages, the former a proxy for ANE (SW Asian) and the latter a proxy for Yamnaya Steppe ancestry, common in West Eurasian (NW European) ethnic groups, then one still arrives at an estimated Asian (S, SE, E, NE)-Native American percentage of app. 2.84090904 %. Note that hereafter South Asian ethnic percentages will be included given the Austroasiatic (Hill Tribe) (Mongoloid) & Andaman Islander-Onge components in ASI (Ancestral South Indian) & South Indian (Elamo-Dravidian) groups. Furthermore, a South-Central Asian (Kalash) component is also detected in early contact Mi’kmaw sample (MARC1492), suggesting that this component may have been present in founder Paleo-Indian, Maritime Archaic and early contact Eastern Algonquian groups.

MDLP World-22 Populations:

Mesoamerican (0.2, 2.1, 5.5, 2.6, 2.3, 1.7)/22 = 0.65454545…
Arctic Amerind (1.7, 1.4, 5.0, 6.0, 0.3, 0.3, 0.5, 0.1, 1.0, 1.6)/22 = 0.81363636…
South American Amerind (0.1, 1.4, 0.6, 3.9, 1.2, 1.5)/22 = 0.39545455
North Siberian (0.2, 2.2, 4.1, 0.8, 5.5)/22 = 0.49090909…
Samoyedic (01., 1.0, 3.0, 1.2, 1.3, 4.5)/22 = 0.50454545…
Indo-Tibetan (2.2, 2.2, 2.9, 0.3, 0.9)/22 = 0.38636364
North Amerindian (0.7, 4.0, 1.1, 2.4)/22 = 0.37272727..
Melanesian (0.1, 0.9, 0.6, 1.3, 1.3)/22 = 0.19090909…
Austronesian (0.2, 2.3, 5.5, 2.0, 2.9)/22 = 0.58636364
TOTAL: 4.0090909…

MDLP World:

Indian (0.2, 3.6, 2.3, 2.7, 6.2, 0.2)/22 = 0.69090909…
Melanesian (0.5, 1.6, 7.4, 1.2, 5.1, 2.3)/22 = 0.8
Arctic Amerind (1.0, 0.5, 0.5, 4.6, 6.2, 1.9, 3.8, 2.9, 1.1)/22 = 1.02272727…
East Asian (2.0, 1.9)/22 = 0.17727273
Meso-American (1.2, 2.1, 4.2, 4.4, 2.5, 0.9, 3.6, 3.7, 1.8, 0.6)/22 = 1.13636364
North Asian (1.0, 2.0, 0.9, 2.0, 1.3, 3.5)/22 = 0.48636364
TOTAL: 4.31363637

Eurogenes K13:

SAsian (0.2, 1.2, 2.7)/22 = 0.18636364
EAsian (1.1, 3.0, 1.3, 0.9, 0.3, 3.9, 1.6)/22 = 0.55
Siberian (0.1, 0.1, 1.1, 1.6, 4.3, 1.4)/22 = 0.39090909…
Amerindian (0.9, 1.5, 4.8, 4.0, 1.8, 6.6, 4.8, 1.4)/22 = 1.17272727…
Oceanian (0.7, 1.7, 0.6, 0.1, 3.5, 1.2, 5.2, 1.3, 0.4, 2.2)/22 = 0.76818182
TOTAL: 3.06818182

Eurogenes Eutest V2 K15:

South Asian (0.4, 0.4, 2.3, 1.1)/22 = 0.19090909…
SEAsian (1.0, 2.7, 1.4, 1.2, 3.7, 1.3)/22 = 0.51363636…
Siberian (0.3, 2.1, 0.6, 2.8, 2.1)/22 = 0.359090909…
Amerindian (1.1, 0.9, 4.3, 4.7, 1.3, 4.9, 0.3, 3.0, 0.7)/22 = 0.96363636…
Oceanian (0.4, 1.3, 0.7, 3.3, 4.8, 0.9, 0.6)/22 = 0.54545455
TOTAL: 2.57272726

Eurogenes _ANE K7:

ASE (Ancient South Eurasian) (4.1, 3.6, 0.3, 3.8, 1.4, 4.5, 6.8, 1.8, 4.6, 5.0, 4.2, 6.5, 1.1, 0.1)/22 = 2.17272727…
East_Eurasian (0.5, 0.9, 0.7, 2.0, 0.4, 4.8, 0.4, 0.2, 4.8, 2.5)/22 = 0.87272727…
TOTAL: 3.0454545….

Eurogenes K9b:

North Amerindian (1.1, 0.6, 4.1, 4.7, 0.7, 6.1, 2.7, 5.9, 0.6, 2.7, 1.5)/22 = 1.39545455 SEAsian (1.2, 4.3, 1.0, 0.1, 1.7, 1.1, 3.4, 2.3, 0.7, 4.3, 1.8, 4.2)/22 = 1.18636364
Oceanic (2.0, 3.1, 0.7, 5.5, 6.2, 1.1, 4.0, 1.5)/22 = 1.09545455
TOTAL: 3.67727274

Eurogenes K9:

South Asian (3.8, 3.6)/22 = 0.33636364
North Amerindian + Arctic (0.8, 1.4, 3.2, 3.9, 1.2, 6.4, 3.5, 0.1, 0.4)/22 = 0.95
Siberian (2.1, 1.5, 1.5, 0.7, 4.3, 0.4)/22 = 0.47727273
East Asian (1.1, 4.1, 0.6, 1.7, 0.1)/22 = 0.34545455
TOTAL: 2.10909092

Eurogenes K10:

North Amerindian + Arctic (0.8, 1.3, 2.9, 3.9, 1.4, 6.1, 3.5, 0.1)/22 = 0.9090909…
SAsian (3.9, 3.4)/22 = 0.33181818…
Siberian (2.2, 1.3, 1.4, 0.7, 4.3, 0.5)/22 = 0.47272727…
EAsian (0.9, 3.9, 0.4, 1.4)/22 = 0.3
TOTAL: 2.01445454

Eurogenes K11:

SAsian (3.5, 1.6)/22 = 0.23181818…
North Amerindian & Arctic (0.8, 1.2, 2.8, 3.9, 1.1, 5.7, 3.0, 0.1)/22 = 0.84545455
Siberian (2.2, 0.8, 0.5, 0.2, 3.3, 0.6)/22 = 0.34545455
EAsian (0.7, 3.4, 0.6)/22 = 0.23181818…
TOTAl: 1.65454546

NOTE: Volga-Ural component percentages are omitted here given that they overlap as proxies for Finland/North Siberian and/or Eastern European.

Eurogenes K12:

SAsian (3.1, 1.7)/22 = 0.21818182
North Amerindian + Arctic (0.7, 1.2, 2.8, 3.9, 1.1, 5.8, 2.9)/22 = 0.83636364
Siberian (2.1, 0.6, 0.4, 0.1, 2.7, 0.3)/22 = 0.28181818…
EAsian (0.6, 3.4, 0.5)/22 = 0.20454545…
TOTAL: 1.54090909….

Eurogenes K12b:

Siberian (2.2, 3.4, 3.1, 0.5, 4.4, 0.4)/22 = 0.63636364
West/Central Asian (2.7, 2.1, 1.3, 1.2, 7.7, 6.6, 6.4, 8.3)/22 = 1.65
SAsian (1.3, 3.6, 0.5, 0.1)/22 = 0.25
East Asian (0.5, 0.6, 1.7, 0.4, 4.3, 1.7, 0.4, 1.6, 1.0, 1.0)/22 = 0.6
TOTAL: 3.13636364

Eurogenes K36:

Amerindian (2.5, 5.0, 3.0, 2.2)/22 = 0.57727273
East Asian (2.5)/22 = 0.02272727…
Indo-Chinese (0.4)/22 = 0.01818182
Oceanic (0.6, 4.7, 2.4, 0.6, 1.0, 0.2)/22 = 0.43181818..
South Asian (1.7)/22 = 0.07727273
South Chinese (2.7)/22 = 0.12272727…
TOTAL: 1.13954544

Eurogenes Hunter-Gatherer vs. Farmer:

East Asian Farmer (1.4, 3.7, 1.0, 0.9)/22 = 0.31818182
South American Hunter-Gatherer (0.8, 1.3, 3.0, 3.9, 1.0, 5.9, 4.5, 0.1, 0.2)/22 = 0.94090909…
South Asian Hunter-Gatherer (0.8, 0.3, 2.9)/22 = 0.181818….
North Eurasian Hunter-Gatherer (0.9, 1.4, 1.2, 4.2, 1.0)/22 = 0.39545455
Oceanic Hunter-Gatherer (2.5, 5.6, 3.1, 0.3, 0.2, 0.6)/22 = 0.559090909…
TOTAL: 2.39545474

Eurogenes Jtest:

SAsian (2.0, 0.8, 1.0, 1.9, 2.9, 1.6)/22 = 0.46363636..
East Asian (1.4, 2.6)/22 = 0.18
Siberian (1.6, 1.9, 2.8, 0.8, 1.3)/22 = 0.38181818..
TOTAL: 1.02545454

Eurogenes EUtest:

SAsian (2.0, 0.8, 1.0, 1.9, 3.1, 2.2)/22 = 0.5
East Asian (1.6, 2.6)/22 = 0.19090909…
Siberian (1.7, 1.9, 2.8, 0.8, 1.3)/22 = 0.38636364
TOTAL: 1.07828283

Dodecad V3:

SAsian (2.5, 4.8, 2.0, 3.5, 0.6, 0.3)/22 = 0.62272727..
NEAsian (1.3, 1.0, 0.7, 1.3, 0.2, 1.0, 0.2, 0.3)/22 = 0.272727….
SEAsian (0.6, 3.0, 1.3, 0.6, 1.7, 2.0, 0.8, 1.3)/22 = 0.51363636…
TOTAL: 1.4090909…

Dodecad World 9:

Amerindian (0.3, 0.5, 3.9, 4.6, 3.5, 1.7, 4.4, 0.9, 4.8, 0.8, 1.3)/22 = 1.21363636…
East Asian (0.7, 0.6, 4.3, 1.3, 0.2, 2.2, 0.4, 0.4, 2.2)/22 = 0.55909091
Australasian (0.6, 0.4, 0.5, 4.1, 4.2, 0.2, 0.2)/22 = 0.46363636…
Siberian (1.3, 0.5, 2.4, 1.9, 1.9, 3.2, 0.3)/22 = 0.5272727…
SAsian (0.7, 1.1, 2.8, 4.4, 0.2)/22 = 0.4181818…
TOTAL: 3.18181816

Dodecad K7b:

SAsian (1.1, 2.1, 1.4, 3.6, 5.4)/22 = 0.61818182
Siberian (0.1, 1.1, 0.5, 0.1, 5.0, 0.7, 3.4, 1.5, 2.6, 0.2, 2.4)/22 = 0.8
EAsian (0.4, 2.7, 0.6, 5.5, 3.6, 1.6, 1.7, 1.0, 2.7)/22 = 0.9
TOTAL: 2.31818182

Dodecad K12b:

Siberian (0.8, 4.9, 2.8, 1.4, 2.1, 0.6)/22 = 0.57272727..
Southeast Asian (0.1, 1.9, 2.3, 2.1, 0.7, 0.3, 0.6, 4.3)/22 = 0.55909091
South Asian (0.2, 0.6, 0.6, 1.6, 6.9)/22 = 0.45
East Asian (2.9, 0.4, 3.7, 2.7)/22 = 0.44090909…
TOTAL: 2.02272727…

Harappan World:

SIndian (1.6, 0.3, 0.6)/22 = 0.11363636…
SEAsian (0.4, 0.5, 2.8, 0.4, 1.1, 2.3, 1.9)/22 = 0.42727273
Siberian (0.7, 0.5, 1.7, 4.9, 1.4, 1.4)/22 = 0.48181818..
NEAsian (1.2, 1.0)/22 = 0.1
Papuan (0.4, 0.6, 0.1, 4.6, 4.2, 0.4, 0.9, 0.6)/22 = 0.53636364
Amerindian (0.4, 1.9, 4.0, 4.6, 1.6, 4.2, 2.4) = 0.86818182
Beringian (0.2, 0.4, 0.2, 0.8)/22 = 0.07272727…
TOTAL: 2.6

PuntDNAL K10 Ancient Admixture:

“This calculator incorporates the newly discovered Caucasus HG as well as Early Neolithic Farmers and Western European HG.”

ASI (Ancient South Indian) (3.9, 10.5, 10.5, 0.9, 5.9, 6.6, 3.6)/22 = 1.90454545…
Oceanian (0.1, 4.1, 3.9, 0.8)/22 = 0.40454545…
Beringian (0.1, 3.1, 0.2, 0.2, 3.1)/22 = 0.30454545…
Siberian (0.8, 4.3, 2.6)/22 = 0.35
EAsian (2.5, 3.9, 3.8)/22 = 0.46363636…
Amerindian (6.5, 3.4, 3.0, 1.6, 6.2, 0.4, 6.9, 3.8)/22 = 1.44545455
TOTAL: 4.87272726

PuntDNAL K12 Ancient & Modern Admixture:

“The puntDNAL K12 ancient calculator utilizes public data from the Reich Lab in Harvard, the Estonian Biocentre, and data from my personal collection in order to create ancient components, which include the following: Anatolian Neolithic farmer, European hunter-gatherer, and Caucasus hunter-gatherer. The European hunter-gatherer component is a newer component that is composed of all three European hunter-gatherers, such as Western hunter-gatherer, Eastern hunter-gatherer, and Scandinavian hunter-gatherer.”“The puntDNAL K12 ancient calculator utilizes public data from the Reich Lab in Harvard, the Estonian Biocentre, and data from my personal collection in order to create ancient components, which include the following: Anatolian neolithic farmer, European hunter-gatherer, and Caucasus hunter-gatherer. The European hunter-gatherer component is a newer component that is composed of all three European hunter-gatherers, such as Western hunter-gatherer, Eastern hunter-gatherer, and Scandinavian hunter-gatherer.”

Amerindian (0.1, 0.9, 0.5, 1.9, 1.9, 1.0, 1.0)/22 = 0.33181818…
SAsian (0.7, 3.0, 0.3, 2.4, 4.0, 1.8, 0.9, 9.2, 10.0, 4.2, 4.8, 6.3, 0.6, 2.1)/22 = 2.28636364 Siberian (1.2, 2.4, 0.8, 1.2, 0.8)/22 = 0.29090909..
EAsian (1.6, 0.1, 0.4, 3.9, 2.2, 3.6)/22 = 0.53636364
Oceanian (0.8, 0.4, 2.4, 1.9, 1.6, 1.0)/22 = 0.36818182
Beringian (1.4, 0.9, 1.4)/22 = 0.16818182
TOTAL: 3.98181819

PuntDNAL K15 Admixture:

”The puntDNAL K12 ancient calculator utilizes public data from the Reich Lab in Harvard, the Estonian Biocentre, and data from my personal collection in order to create ancient components, which include the following: Anatolian neolithic farmer, European hunter-gatherer, and Caucasus hunter-gatherer. The European hunter-gatherer component is a newer component that is composed of all three European hunter-gatherers, such as Western hunter-gatherer, Eastern hunter-gatherer, and Scandinavian hunter-gatherer.”

SIndian (2.0, 1.5, 0.4, 5.0)/22 = 0.40454545…
Siberian (0.6, 3.1, 0.1, 2.2, 3.1, 0.7)/ 22 = 0.44545455
Amerindian (1.7, 0.6, 1.4, 1.9, 2.1, 6.1, 0.4, 3.3, 1.9)/22 = 0.88181818…
EAsian (1.4, 2.0 2.0, 0.9, 1.0)/22 = 0.33181818…
Oceanian (1.2, 1.1, 0.3, 7.3, 4.8, 0.7, 2.8, 3.2)/22 = 0.97272727…
Beringian (3.0, 2.5, 1.4, 0.7, 2.4, 0.7)/22 = 0.48636364
TOTAL: 3.52272727…

Gedrosia Eurasia K9 ASI Admixture:

“Eurasia 9 ASI/CHG - This calculator is modeled around the ancient ancestral South Indian component, ASI, which peaks in the Onge, Andamanese, and a few Indian tribal populations. The Onge are believed to have taken the coastal migration route from Arabia to India over 40,000 years ago. The Onge together with the other Andamanese people that inhabit the Andaman Islands, which are governed by India, are an endangered species, and number only in the few hundreds. The populations used to source ASI allele frequencies have much less W Eurasian admixture than the majority of present day Indians. These populations include Paniya, Kharia, Ho, and Puliyar. To increase the accuracy of the calculator, a common denominator set of SNPs for the sample genomes was used. This common denominator set of SNPs turned out to be around 33,000, which is more than adequate because the fixation distances between the calculator components is relatively high. To prevent a W Eurasian heavy Indian cluster from forming, I did not include the multitude of Indian populations that I would normally include, in this run. Consequently, Indians may find their oracle distances to be high, since the majority of Indian proxy groups are missing from this calculator.”

SEAsian (2.3, 0.7, 5.4, 2.6, 1.0, 6.5, 3.5)/22 = 1.0
Ancestral_SIndian (2.2, 0.5, 8.5, 7.4, 1.6, 2.9)/22 = 1.05
Siberian_EAsian (1.0, 0.8, 0.5, 4.6, 0.8, 0.6, 3.9)/22 = 0.55454545…
TOTAL: 2.60454545…

Gedrosia Eurasia K10 CHG Admixture:

“It appears that the Caucuses Hunter Gatherers (CHG) are the mystery W Asian population described in Lazaridis et al, 'Massive migration from the steppe was a source for Indo-European languages in Europe', as having contributed to the Yamnaya Steppe Herders of Eurasia along with Eastern Hunter Gatherers (EHG).”“This calculator uses two CHG genomes from Georgia in the Caucuses; a mesolithic (9700 year old) named Kotias, and an upper paleolithic male (13300 years old), named Satsurbila, to source transversion SNP allele frequencies. It also uses the genome of a 13700 year old upper paleolithic male named Bichon from Switzerland. This is in addition to other ancient genomes, and 1000+ individuals from various regions of the world.”

Amerindian (2.7, 0.3, 0.4, 1.5, 1.7, 5.2, 2.1, 0.8, 4.4, 2.8, 5.2, 7.2, 5.8)/22 = 1.82272727…Papuan (0.1, 0.9, 2.9, 6.0, 0.2, 2.5, 2.8, 5.1)/22 = 0.93181818…
S_Indian (0.1, 3.9, 9.7, 0.7, 0.8, 2.0, 6.2, 17.4, 1.8)/22 = 1.93636364
E_Asian (1.1, 0.4, 3.8, 4.4, 2.6, 0.3)/22 = 0.68636364
TOTAL: 5.37727273

Gedrosia Eurasia K11 CHG-NAF Admixture:

“Eurasia K11 - Caucuses Hunter Gatherer / Neolithic Anatolian Farmer calculator.” “The focus of this calculator are about 47 recently sequenced ancient genomes described in Jones et al, Upper Palaeolithic genomes reveal deep roots of modern Eurasians, and in Genome-wide patters of selection in 230 ancient Eurasians.”

Papuan (0.4, 0.6, 0.9, 0.1, 4.3, 2.3, 0.8, 2.3, 5.3, 2.3, 0.3)/22 = 0.89090909…
SIndian (2.5, 6.2, 15.1, 0.5, 9.2, 0.5, 17.5, 4.0, 4.4, 9.4, 1.2, 9.3)/22 = 3.62727273
Kalash (2.5, 2.7, 1.7, 3.6, 8.1, 9.1, 10.6, 9.0, 10.0, 23.7, 6.1, 0.8)/22 = 3.99545455
EAsian (0.6, 1.1, 7.3, 1.5, 6.0, 1.7, 2.0, 6.4)/22 = 1.20909091
Amerindian (3.7, 3.6, 2.1, 2.5, 9.5, 2.2, 7.9)/22 = 1.43181818….
TOTAL: 11.1545455

Gedrosia Eurasian K3:

This calculator calculates an individual's E Eurasian, W Eurasian, and Sub-Saharan African admixture.

E_Eurasian (4.2, 2.4, 0.8, 0.8, 6.2, 6.3, 3.3, 2.1, 1.9, 3.8, 1.4, 2.9, 2.9, 4.6, 3.9, 1.6, 7.3, 15.0)/22 = 3.24545455
SSA (1.8, 2.0, 0.9, 2.9, 3.7, 1.8, 1.3)/22 = 0.65454545..
TOTAL: 3.9

Gedrosia Eurasian K15 Admixture:

“This calculator's focus is the Indian subcontinent. Many different Indian populations from various merged datasets were used to source allele frequencies, from both transition, as well as transversion SNPs. South and West Asians may notice that their S Asian or S Indian component score is lower here, than in some other calculators. The reason is I have broken up S Asian / S Indian into its various sub-components; Burusho, Kalash, Balochi, NE Indian Tribal, and Paniya.”

SEAsian (1.6, 0.6, 1.6, 2.2, 3.6)/22 = 0.43636364
Burusho (9.1, 1.1, 1.9, 7.6, 2.4, 1.9, 8.6, 9.9, 5.7, 7.4, 12.7, 3.9, 3.7, 5.5)/22 = 3.59090909…
Balochi (0.5, 12.4, 11.5, 9.8, 13.4, 7.0)/22 = 2.48181818…
Siberian (1.1, 2.0, 0.4, 4.9, 1.1, 1.3, 5.4)/22 = 0.73636364
Kalash (7.0, 1.3, 0.2, 2.9, 3.7, 6.1, 3.7, 8.1, 3.4, 1.8, 3.7, 4.0, 1.3)/22 = 2.14545455
EAsian (2.3, 0.1, 3.5, 3.2, 6.4)/22 = 0.70454545…
NE Indian Tribal (5.1, 3.5, 1.1, 4.1, 3.8, 12.7)/22 = 1.37727273
Onge (2.6, 2.2, 3.3, 2.4, 0.3, 2.3, 1.9, 0.1)/22 = 0.68636364
TOTAL: 12.159090909…

Gedrosia K14 & Neolithic Eurasia Admixture:

“This calculator uses the same Neolithic and Bronze Age source data as the K14 Neolithic calculator, plus some modern populations added for the Oracle results.” “For information about population abreviations and descriptions: Wolfgang Haak, et al and Morten Allentoft, et al.”

North Amerindian (1.1, 0.8, 0.1, 5.7, 1.7, 3.1, 3.9)/22 = 0.74545455
Siberian (2.9, 3.0, 0.7, 2.5, 0.5)/22 = 0.43636364
SouthAmerindian (2.9, 0.8, 2.0, 0.6, 6.3, 2.5, 5.2)/22 = 0.92272727…
SEAsian (4.0, 6.0, 1.2, 2.5, 3.4, 10.4, 0.4, 1.6, 3.3, 0.9)/22 = 1.53181818….
SIndian (2.7, 16.4, 5.7, 3.0, 6.4, 3.9, 1.0, 2.8)/22 = 1.90454545…
Papuan (2.0, 1.0, 3.4, 1.0, 4.2, 6.2, 1.1, 6.9, 6.3, 1.2, 3.8)/22 = 1.68636364
TOTAL: 7.22727273

Gedrosia K12 Admixture:

“Many Indian tribal populations were used to source S. Indian allele frequencies. Although the West Asian populations used are adequate, an update may be released in the future which will include a few more W Asian populations.”

“The Balochi signal peaks in the Balochi/Brahui/Makrani populations of Pakistan. The Bronze age Sintashta Steppe Herder signal in this calculator reflects genetic Eurasian steppe admixture in excess of what is included in the Caucasus or Balochi signals.”

SIndian (1.2, 4.1, 4.1, 2.6, 7.6)/22 = 0.89090909..
WSiberian (2.4, 0.4, 0.7, 0.7, 0.5, 1.7, 0.9, 0.2, 0.6)/22 = 0.36818182
SEAsian (0.2, 0.1, 2.9, 0.7, 1.7, 1.7)/22 = 0.33181818..
Indo-Tibetan (0.3, 1.1, 5.4, 3.3, 0.3)/22 = 0.47272727..
ESiberian (1.2, 2.2, 0.7, 2.4, 0.1, 2.2, 4.6, 3.1, 8.5)/22 = 1.13636364
TOTAL: 3.2

Gedrosia K11: No data-algorithmic calculator inoperative Gedrosia Ancient

Eurasia K6: No data-algorithmic calculator inoperative

Gedrosia Near East Neolithic K13 Admixture:

“The Near East Neolithic 13 calculator is based on the recently recovered ancient genomes from the Near East. The genomes were described in a recent 2016 paper, <93>The genetic structure of the world's first farmers<94> by Losif Lazaridis et al. (http://biorxiv.org/content/early/2016/06/16/059311" onclick="window.open(this.href);return false;" onclick="window.open(this.href);return false;).” “ANCESTRAL INDIAN: Ancestral Indians, also referred to as ASI in some papers, are a theoretical construct, which basically describes an ancient population of India, believed to have been similar to either the Onge of the Andaman Islands, or perhaps some of the Austroasiatic tribals of currently inhabiting the sub-continent. I decided to use the Kusunda , a tribe of former hunter-gatherers of the forests of western Nepal, since using them produced Iran Neolithic levels in South and West Asians, somewhat more consistent with those in the recent papers.”

SEAsian (0.6, 1.1, 4.0, 0.2, 3.1, 0.2, 3.7, 0.8)/22 = 0.62272727…
Polar (4.8, 4.0, 2.4)/22 = 0.5090909…
Karitiana (3.5, 1.9, 1.7, 3.3, 0.9, 8.0, 2.8, 3.7, 0.7, 4.2, 5.5)/22 = 1.64545455
Ancestral Indian (0.3, 1.1, 6.0, 1.3, 1.4, 4.4, 1.6)/22 = 0.73181818…
Siberian (0.9, 1.5)/22 = 0.1090909…
Papuan (2.6, 2.2, 3.7, 0.1, 4.6, 1.4)/22 = 0.66363636..
TOTAL: 4.36363635

NOTE: a more detailed analysis and interpretation of these test results will follow in the coming 2-3 days.


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 Post subject: Re: DNA Test Results of Fanny Bowe, Cupids
 Post Posted: Sat Feb 18, 2017 12:45 am 
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Joined: Sun Jul 13, 2014 5:20 pm
Posts: 273
Here is a more detailed analysis of the previously posted GEDMatch results for the grand-daughter of Fanny Bowe (my biological mother)-albeit with a focus on EA-NA-Siberian biogeographic ethnic components, so as to remove any potential for bias in results by factoring in other West Eurasian (South & Central Asian) and East Eurasian (SE Asia, Oceania, Papua-New Guinea) components:

MDLP K11 Modern:

Amerindian (1.0, 1.2, 4.1, 1.5, 1.5, 1.8, 0.2, 2.7)/22 = 0.63636364
Siberian (3.2, 3.3, 2.2, 1.1, 0.7)/22 = 0.47727273
TOTAL: 1.11363637

MDLP K23b Admixture:

Amerindian (2.7, 4.7, 2.1, 1.9)/22 = 0.581818182
Arctic (1.4, 0.9, 3.1, 0.1, 2.2, 0.3)/22 = 0.363636…
TOTAL: 0.9454545….

MDLP World-22 Populations:

Mesoamerican (0.2, 2.1, 5.5, 2.6, 2.3, 1.7)/22 = 0.65454545…
Arctic Amerind (1.7, 1.4, 5.0, 6.0, 0.3, 0.3, 0.5, 0.1, 1.0, 1.6)/22 = 0.81363636…
South American Amerind (0.1, 1.4, 0.6, 3.9, 1.2, 1.5)/22 = 0.39545455
North Siberian (0.2, 2.2, 4.1, 0.8, 5.5)/22 = 0.49090909…
Samoyedic (01., 1.0, 3.0, 1.2, 1.3, 4.5)/22 = 0.50454545…
Indo-Tibetan (2.2, 2.2, 2.9, 0.3, 0.9)/22 = 0.38636364
North Amerindian (0.7, 4.0, 1.1, 2.4)/22 = 0.37272727..
TOTAL: 3.618211181

MDLP World:

Arctic Amerind (1.0, 0.5, 0.5, 4.6, 6.2, 1.9, 3.8, 2.9, 1.1)/22 = 1.02272727…
East Asian (2.0, 1.9)/22 = 0.17727273
Meso-American (1.2, 2.1, 4.2, 4.4, 2.5, 0.9, 3.6, 3.7, 1.8, 0.6)/22 = 1.13636364
North Asian (1.0, 2.0, 0.9, 2.0, 1.3, 3.5)/22 = 0.48636364
TOTAL: 2.82272728

Eurogenes K13:

EAsian (1.1, 3.0, 1.3, 0.9, 0.3, 3.9, 1.6)/22 = 0.55
Siberian (0.1, 0.1, 1.1, 1.6, 4.3, 1.4)/22 = 0.39090909…
Amerindian (0.9, 1.5, 4.8, 4.0, 1.8, 6.6, 4.8, 1.4)/22 = 1.17272727…
TOTAL: 2.11363636…

Eurogenes Eutest V2 K15:

Siberian (0.3, 2.1, 0.6, 2.8, 2.1)/22 = 0.359090909…
Amerindian (1.1, 0.9, 4.3, 4.7, 1.3, 4.9, 0.3, 3.0, 0.7)/22 = 0.96363636
TOTAL: 1.32272726

Eurogenes K9b:

North Amerindian (1.1, 0.6, 4.1, 4.7, 0.7, 6.1, 2.7, 5.9, 0.6, 2.7, 1.5)/22 = 1.39545455

Eurogenes K9:

North Amerindian + Arctic (0.8, 1.4, 3.2, 3.9, 1.2, 6.4, 3.5, 0.1, 0.4)/22 = 0.95
Siberian (2.1, 1.5, 1.5, 0.7, 4.3, 0.4)/22 = 0.47727273
East Asian (1.1, 4.1, 0.6, 1.7, 0.1)/22 = 0.34545455
TOTAL: 1.772727278

Eurogenes K10:

North Amerindian + Arctic (0.8, 1.3, 2.9, 3.9, 1.4, 6.1, 3.5, 0.1)/22 = 0.9090909…
Siberian (2.2, 1.3, 1.4, 0.7, 4.3, 0.5)/22 = 0.47272727…
EAsian (0.9, 3.9, 0.4, 1.4)/22 = 0.3
TOTAL: 1.68181817

Eurogenes K11:

North Amerindian & Arctic (0.8, 1.2, 2.8, 3.9, 1.1, 5.7, 3.0, 0.1)/22 = 0.84545455
Siberian (2.2, 0.8, 0.5, 0.2, 3.3, 0.6)/22 = 0.34545455
EAsian (0.7, 3.4, 0.6)/22 = 0.23181818…
TOTAL: 1.42272728

Eurogenes K12:

North Amerindian + Arctic (0.7, 1.2, 2.8, 3.9, 1.1, 5.8, 2.9)/22 = 0.83636364
Siberian (2.1, 0.6, 0.4, 0.1, 2.7, 0.3)/22 = 0.28181818…
EAsian (0.6, 3.4, 0.5)/22 = 0.20454545
TOTAL: 1.32272727…

Eurogenes K12b:

Siberian (2.2, 3.4, 3.1, 0.5, 4.4, 0.4)/22 = 0.63636364
East Asian (0.5, 0.6, 1.7, 0.4, 4.3, 1.7, 0.4, 1.6, 1.0, 1.0)/22 = 0.6
TOTAL: 1.23636364

Eurogenes Hunter-Gatherer vs. Farmer:

East Asian Farmer (1.4, 3.7, 1.0, 0.9)/22 = 0.31818182
South American Hunter-Gatherer (0.8, 1.3, 3.0, 3.9, 1.0, 5.9, 4.5, 0.1, 0.2)/22 = 0.94090909…
North Eurasian Hunter-Gatherer (0.9, 1.4, 1.2, 4.2, 1.0)/22 = 0.39545455
TOTAL: 1.65454546
Dodecad World 9:

Amerindian (0.3, 0.5, 3.9, 4.6, 3.5, 1.7, 4.4, 0.9, 4.8, 0.8, 1.3)/22 = 1.21363636…
East Asian (0.7, 0.6, 4.3, 1.3, 0.2, 2.2, 0.4, 0.4, 2.2)/22 = 0.55909091
Siberian (1.3, 0.5, 2.4, 1.9, 1.9, 3.2, 0.3)/22 = 0.5272727
TOTAL: 2.29999999….

Dodecad K7b:

Siberian (0.1, 1.1, 0.5, 0.1, 5.0, 0.7, 3.4, 1.5, 2.6, 0.2, 2.4)/22 = 0.8
EAsian (0.4, 2.7, 0.6, 5.5, 3.6, 1.6, 1.7, 1.0, 2.7)/22 = 0.9
TOTAL: 1.7

Dodecad K12b:

Siberian (0.8, 4.9, 2.8, 1.4, 2.1, 0.6)/22 = 0.57272727..
East Asian (2.9, 0.4, 3.7, 2.7)/22 = 0.44090909…
TOTAL: 1.01363636…

Harappan World:

Siberian (0.7, 0.5, 1.7, 4.9, 1.4, 1.4)/22 = 0.48181818..
NEAsian (1.2, 1.0)/22 = 0.1
Amerindian (0.4, 1.9, 4.0, 4.6, 1.6, 4.2, 2.4) = 0.86818182
Beringian (0.2, 0.4, 0.2, 0.8)/22 = 0.07272727…
TOTAL: 1.52272727…

PuntDNAL K10 Ancient Admixture:

Beringian (0.1, 3.1, 0.2, 0.2, 3.1)/22 = 0.30454545…
Siberian (0.8, 4.3, 2.6)/22 = 0.35
EAsian (2.5, 3.9, 3.8)/22 = 0.46363636…
Amerindian (6.5, 3.4, 3.0, 1.6, 6.2, 0.4, 6.9, 3.8)/22 = 1.44545455
TOTAL: 2.56363636…

PuntDNAL K12 Ancient & Modern Admixture:

Amerindian (0.1, 0.9, 0.5, 1.9, 1.9, 1.0, 1.0)/22 = 0.33181818…
Siberian (1.2, 2.4, 0.8, 1.2, 0.8)/22 = 0.29090909..
EAsian (1.6, 0.1, 0.4, 3.9, 2.2, 3.6)/22 = 0.53636364
Beringian (1.4, 0.9, 1.4)/22 = 0.16818182
TOTAL: 1.32727273

PuntDNAL K15 Admixture:

Siberian (0.6, 3.1, 0.1, 2.2, 3.1, 0.7)/ 22 = 0.44545455
Amerindian (1.7, 0.6, 1.4, 1.9, 2.1, 6.1, 0.4, 3.3, 1.9)/22 = 0.88181818…
EAsian (1.4, 2.0 2.0, 0.9, 1.0)/22 = 0.33181818…
Beringian (3.0, 2.5, 1.4, 0.7, 2.4, 0.7)/22 = 0.48636364
TOTAL: 2.14545455

Gedrosia Eurasia K10 CHG Admixture:

Amerindian (2.7, 0.3, 0.4, 1.5, 1.7, 5.2, 2.1, 0.8, 4.4, 2.8, 5.2, 7.2, 5.8)/22 = 1.82272727…
E_Asian (1.1, 0.4, 3.8, 4.4, 2.6, 0.3)/22 = 0.68636364
TOTAL: 2.50909091

Gedrosia Eurasia K11 CHG-NAF Admixture:

EAsian (0.6, 1.1, 7.3, 1.5, 6.0, 1.7, 2.0, 6.4)/22 = 1.20909091
Amerindian (3.7, 3.6, 2.1, 2.5, 9.5, 2.2, 7.9)/22 = 1.43181818….
TOTAL: 2.64090909

Gedrosia Eurasian K3:

E_Eurasian (4.2, 2.4, 0.8, 0.8, 6.2, 6.3, 3.3, 2.1, 1.9, 3.8, 1.4, 2.9, 2.9, 4.6, 3.9, 1.6, 7.3, 15.0)/22 = 3.24545455

Gedrosia Eurasian K15 Admixture:

Siberian (1.1, 2.0, 0.4, 4.9, 1.1, 1.3, 5.4)/22 = 0.73636364
EAsian (2.3, 0.1, 3.5, 3.2, 6.4)/22 = 0.70454545…
TOTAL: 1.44090909…

Gedrosia K14 & Neolithic Eurasia Admixture:

North Amerindian (1.1, 0.8, 0.1, 5.7, 1.7, 3.1, 3.9)/22 = 0.74545455
Siberian (2.9, 3.0, 0.7, 2.5, 0.5)/22 = 0.43636364
SouthAmerindian (2.9, 0.8, 2.0, 0.6, 6.3, 2.5, 5.2)/22 = 0.92272727
TOTAL: 2.10454546

Gedrosia K12 Admixture:

WSiberian (2.4, 0.4, 0.7, 0.7, 0.5, 1.7, 0.9, 0.2, 0.6)/22 = 0.36818182
Indo-Tibetan (0.3, 1.1, 5.4, 3.3, 0.3)/22 = 0.47272727..
ESiberian (1.2, 2.2, 0.7, 2.4, 0.1, 2.2, 4.6, 3.1, 8.5)/22 = 1.13636364
TOTAL: 1.97727273

Gedrosia Near East Neolithic K13 Admixture:

Polar (4.8, 4.0, 2.4)/22 = 0.5090909…
Karitiana (3.5, 1.9, 1.7, 3.3, 0.9, 8.0, 2.8, 3.7, 0.7, 4.2, 5.5)/22 = 1.64545455
Siberian (0.9, 1.5)/22 = 0.1090909…
TOTAL: 2.26363635

CONCLUSIONS:

The following generalizations can be extracted from the above GEDMatch atDNA test results for each model calculator or predictor regarding the detection of any trace residue AIMs (Ancestry Informative Markers) to prove any putative distant Amerindian and/or Inuit ancestry after uploading or transferring raw DNA files such as atDNA 700,000 SNP (Illumina chip microarray) test results offered by commercial genetic genealogy testing companies such as AncestryDNA…

1.) combined Native American, Siberian and/or East Asian (Inuit) bio-geographic ethnic origin percentages consistently show up in 27/27 tests;

2.) the range of calculated NA-EA-Siberian averages extends from a lower limit average of app. 0.9454545…to an upper limit average of app. 3.618211181;

3.) collating the combined total averages for each GEDMatch model allows the researcher to calculate the weighted NA-EA-Siberian average for all the total averages 51.8773021/28 = 1.92138156;

4.) NA (Native American) SNP AIMs are highest on chromosomes 7, 12 & 14, Siberian (NE Asian) on chromosomes 7, 12, 16, while East Asian are highest on chromosomes 6, 8, 12, 14 & 22. My mother’s atDNA counts or scores are highest for Amerindian (North-Central or Meso-American-South) & Arctic-Polar, while my father’s atDNA scores are highest for South Asian (Onge-Andaman Islanders), Papua-New Guinea, Oceanic-Melanesian, SE Asian, North-Central Siberian & East Asian. My atDNA Oceanian-SEAsian counts are highest on chromosome 22, and Papuan is highest on chromosomes 19-21-interestingly Papuan along with SE (Oceanian) Asian & Onge-Andamanese, shows the highest counts in Asia, outside West Eurasia and West Asia (Asia Minor-Caucasus), may be interpreted as somewhat problematic in detecting NA (North Amerindian) ancestry given that it almost absent in North Amerindian tribes, although showing up at relatively high frequencies in Central Amerindian (Amazonian) tribes such as the Karitiana-Surui (both population reference proxies for FTDNA & National Genographic Project 2.0 atDNA testing), where it peaks at 2-3% of the whole genome. NOTE: Whole genome sequencing of North American Paleoindian genomes from Kennewick Man, Spirit Cave Man & Clovis Anzick-1, all show closer phylogenetic and phylogeographic affinities to South American Amerindian groups, and not North American Amerindian ones. Could peripheral NA groups occupying the extreme edge of the Northeastern cultural continuum, as NS-NL Mc, Lab Mont-Nask and perhaps also Beothuk have aDNA segments such as Papuan-SE Asian lost in neighbouring Central Algonquian kin groups due prolonged isolation resulting from bottleneck and founder effects!;

5.) evidence collated from all GEDMatch test results confirms that there is indeed a small residual trace of NA (Native American) & Inuit ancestry, for both my and my mother's atDNA (plus inferred for my father) averaging out to around 0.75% each for a combined total of app. 1.5% (NA + EA), exclusive of other Asian percentages (SA, Oceanic, Papuan), which brings the total East Eurasian (minus West Eurasian) average up to app. 3-4%, suggesting that there was indeed at least 2 non-Indo-European uniparental ancestors, namely a NA ancestor (a female French Indian ancestor emanating from Piper’s Hole, PB, b. ca. 1795-1800) on the paternal side and 1 female Inuit ancestor presumably emanating from the Netsektoke-Kikkertet area of South-Central coastal Labrador, b. ca. 1800) on the maternal one, going back app.7-8 Gens, as consistent with reconstructed family history-genealogy and ethnohistoric evidence.

POSTRSCRIPT:

The above evidence raises the question as to why atDNA SNP tests currently offered by commercial genetic genealogy testing companies consistently fail to detect low-level substrate or trace residue NA-EA ancestry? The answer to that question is that the parametric setting of the statistical algorithm that statistically calculates or estimates bio-geographic ethnic origin percentages are fine-tuned to filter out or block any trace residue below the 2.0% minimum threshold limit for assigning a percentage for any one of the app. 26 worldwide reference populations. For example, if a participant or testee looks at his/her AncestryDNA personal web page showing the various worldwide reference populations, they will see that East Asia is grouped under the title or heading of Asia, which is furthermore subdivided into Asia South & Asia Central, while Native American stands alone, while Pacific Islander is divided into Melanesia and Polynesia. If we take my puntDNAL K12 Ancient test results run through the GEDMatch algorithmic calculator as but one example of a statistical model to predict bio-geographic ethnic origins, we can see that the Amerind component is app. 0.7, the East Asian one 0.8272727.., and the Oceanic one at 0.5363636….Under the AncestryDNA V2 atDNA test all of these biogeographic percentages will fall below the minimum 1.0% threshold for that company and as such will not be recorded-so effectively Native American will show 0.0%, Asia East 0.0% and Pacific Islander (Melanesia or Oceanic & Polynesia) 0.0%. So how do the bio-geographic ethnic origin percentages get cancelled out anyways? Essentially, the computer algorithm sweeps (30-40 times) through the assayed SNPs on the Illumina microarray chip for each test participants amplified DNA segment from chromosomes 1-22 and assigns a plus or minus value for each SNP in the reference panel characteristic at high frequency for or found only in a given isolated reference population, and then calculates an estimated or averaged bio-geographic ethnic origin percentage for that reference population for each chromosome, then adds and averages out the total over 22 chromosomes. As an example, a given test participant's DNA may yield only 0.3% EA on Chr 4, 1.8% on Chr 5 and 6.9% on Chr 14, with 0.0% on Chrs 1-3, 7-13, and 15-22, thus giving a weighted average of app. 0.4090909..% EA. With this SNP panel the final test results for targeted EA-NA AIMs (Ancestry Informative Markers) will yield a value of 0.409…% below the minimum 2.0% threshold for FTDNA & Nat Geno 2.0 and the 1.0% threshold for AncestryDNA, and as such will not register in the final test results page of your personal web page. It doesn’t mean that NA-EA AIMS are not present, it just means that it’s not recorded due to the minimum threshold limit requirement which by default assigns it as zero. Critics and/or sceptics will argue that such low bio-geographic origin percentages of app. 3.0-4.0 % (combined South Asian (Austro-Asiatic Tribal, Onge-Anadaman Islander), SE Asia (Oceanic & Papuan), E-NE (Beringian or Siberian) & New World (North-Central-South Amerindian) may be nothing more than mere statistical noise or low-level interference, but the Admixture by Chromosome Analyses through GEDMatch proves that there is indeed a low-level signal of Asian DNA which stands on its one outside of West Eurasian (WHG-Western Hunter Gatherer, ENF (Levantine-Mediterranean), and SW Asian or Yamnaya Steppe) DNA typical of (North)Western European profiles typical of a test participant with predominant Atlantic façade Celtiberian (Brythonic-Goidelic & Iberian), Scandinavian and West-Central European (Continental Celtic & Germanic) bio-geographic ethnic origins. The evidence therefore points in the direction to adding weight to the claim that there was indeed 1-2 NA and/or Inuit ancestor(s) in the family tree going back app. 7-8 Gens-so, yes there is grain of truth to the family stories or oral traditions and reconstructed ethno-historic evidence-however controversial and circumstantial.

DISCLAIMER:

Due to the process of random recombination or reshuffling in diploidal genomes inherited segments or blocks of DNA with distinct AIMs from an ethnic minority such as NA or EA, does not pass on to future generation offspring or come down in a predictable linear path following the statistical law of averages. For example, my mother’s Eastern European and Northern Siberian components under FTDNA Family Finder of app 4.0% & 3.0% (1.0% & 2.0% under AncestryDNA) respectively are preserved in my results only as 1.0% and 0.0%, where one would naturally expect 2.0% and 1.5%. Likewise, under AncestryDNA my mother's Scandinavian score is 26.0%, while under FTDNA it is app. 11.0%, implying that my biological father's Scandinavian count is 0.0%, which is problematic given that almost all participants tested from the British Isles show some degree of Scandinavian-so chunks of DNA can be lost or submerged through random recombination, or not inherited predictably from Gen-to-Gen through calculated mathematical averages.

As a final note, neither the opinions nor interpretations expressed herein by the present author-researcher reflect those of any living family members from my extended kin group, whether paternal or maternal. To summarize, while the NA-EA SNP AIMs are present they are only present at very low amounts-in the order of 1/32-1/64 (3.125-1.5625), and not the 1/16-1/32 (6.25-3.125) as predicted by reconstructed genealogy, demonstrating once again that the genetic genealogist should not rely solely on the paper trail or written record to pinpoint a single uni-parental ancestor from an ethnic minority group in the family tree. My experience from other parallel case studies is that so called “blood quantums” or bio-geographic ethnic origin percentages are usually significantly inflated or over-exaggerated through conflated family oral traditions. Even if one were to extend this atDNA testing in the near future to include whole genome sequencing which may target app. 30-40 million SNPS giving app. 50-60x coverage of the targeted SNP array, it would not make much of difference, perhaps giving an order of 1.0-1.5 % + NA-EA AIMs above and beyond existing 700,000 SNP microarray coverage-so a maximum upper bounded limit of app. 4-4.5% NA-EA.


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 Post subject: Re: DNA Test Results of Fanny Bowe, Cupids
 Post Posted: Sat Feb 18, 2017 5:06 pm 
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Joined: Sun Jul 13, 2014 5:20 pm
Posts: 273
I recently uploaded my mom's Ancestry DNA raw data file 700,000 SNP results to DNA Land (dnaland.com)-once again nothing showed up for West Eurasian (West Asia-Caucasus, Central Asian, or South Asian), East Eurasian (SE Asian, East Asia or Siberian-Beringian), and NA (North, Central, South). Unlike my uploaded imputed atDNA results which shows app. 1.5% Ambiguous, there are no ambiguous or unanalyzable markers in her atDNA profile. Here are the results:

West Eurasian 100.0%:

Northwest European 81.0%
South/Central European 10.0%
North Slavic 4.4%
Southwestern European 4.1%

This is what DNA Land has to say about the biogeographic ethnic origin reference poplulations:

Northwest European:

"Includes: Scottish Argyll_Bute_GBR and British in England; Icelandic in Iceland; Norwegian in Norway and Orcadian in Orkney Islands"

"Does not include: Saharawi in (Morocco) Western Sahara; Piapoco in Colombia; Estonian in Estonia; Basque/French and French in (South and 1 other site) France; Basque/Spanish and Iberian Population in Spain; Finnish in Finland and Gambian in Western Gambia"

South/Central European:

"Includes: Italian/Bergamo, Italian/Tuscan and Toscani in (Bergamo, Tuscany and 1 other site) Italy"

"Does not include: Albanian in Albania; Basque/French in France; Italian/EastSicilian, Italian/WestSicilian and Sardinian in (Sardinia and 2 other sites) Italy and Lithuanian in Lithuania"

North Slavic:

"Includes: Belarusian in Belarus; Estonian in Estonia; Lithuanian in Lithuania; Mordovian and Russian in Russia and Ukrainian in (East) Ukraine"

"Does not include: Altaian, Kalmyk, Nganasan and Adygei in (Caucasus and 3 other sites) Russia; Turkmen in Uzbekistan; Albanian in Albania; Bulgarian in Bulgaria; Italian/Bergamo in (Bergamo) Italy; Norwegian in Norway; Ashkenazi Jew in Poland; Turkish in (Istanbul) Turkey; Finnish in Finland and Ashkenazi Jew from East Europe especially Lithuania (expat in Baltimore MD)"

Southwestern European:

"Includes: Basque/French and French in (South and 1 other site) France and Basque/Spanish and Iberian Population in Spain"

"Does not include: Algerian and Mozabite in Algeria; Saharawi in (Morocco) Western Sahara; Scottish Argyll_Bute_GBR and British in England; Icelandic in Iceland and Italian/Bergamo and Sardinian in (Bergamo and Sardinia) Italy"

As an interesting side note, the trait predictor or calculator makes a prediction for brown eyes for my mom, but my mom has gray eyes-LOL! I don't know how accurate or credible DNA Land is to be truthful. This free atDNA test once again demonstrates that every atDNA test out there in the direct-to-consumer commerical genetic genealogy marketplace shows different and sometimes conflicting results!

For what its worth here are my mom's Ancestry DNA biogeographic ethnic origin test results:

Europe 95.0%:

Great Britain 33.0%
Scandinavia 26.0%
Ireland 13.0%
Iberian Peninsula 10.0%
Europe West 9.0%

Trace Regions:

Finland/NW Russia 2.0%
Eastern Europe 1.0%
Italy/Greece 1.0%

West Asia (Caucasus) 5.0%

If we follow mathematical reasoning in using the law of averages where 1 Gen direct descendant are expected to inherit app. 1/2 of their parents atDNA, and by inference corresponding chunks of biogeographic ethnic origin specific-AIMs, then my Great Britain score should be app. 16.5-17.0%-but it is only 8.0%. So apparently we don't inherit segments or chunks of atDNA (centrimorgans) in a neat and predictable line of linear descent according to expected laws of mathematical averages. Once again, no NA or EA scores are recorded because-as GED Match shows- they are lower than the company's minimum threshhold of app. 1.0%. So essentially, as per GEDMatch, the NA-EA components are somewhere in the order of app. 0.5-0.75% each for a combined total of app. 1.0-1.5% which is why they are rounded down by default to zero-according to the company's propietary ethnic origin calculator at least. Another laughable area here is the number of 2nd cousin matches for both my mom and I, of Eastern European descent in both USA & Europe, which show no link whatsoever in the reconstructed family tree-it doesn't make sense! Neither do they have any surviving traditions of migration or back-migration to Newfoundland in their family trees going back 1-2 Gens-so it seems like bulk shared atDNA SNP AIMs that are reshuffled in the genome or gene pool of peope of West Eurasian (NW-NE European) descent that has absolutely nothing to do with shared recent ancestry/relationship.

Postscript:

This atDNA test once again shows that almost every test out there on the market today gives different results. I assume that this may derive from one of the following reasons: 1.) database sizes and reference populations vary significantly between each company; 2.) number of SNPs tested in the targeted array vary somewhat; 3.) propietary algorithmic calculators used as predictive statistical models vary between each company according to the unique propietary research programmes of each company, which factors in different parametric filters used in establishing threshhold limits as well as different research backgrounds & work-related experiences of research team members, which can potentially bias or skew interpretation of test results; and 4.) the potential exists for a lack of communication or sharing of information between research teams from different testing companies; hence, the lack of internationally recognized and standardized protocols for establishing baseline guidelines on how to identify AIM SNP markers unique to each ethnic group in the database. I am awaiting 1 more atDNA test for my mom, and after that there will be no more atDNA testing for quite some time at least-given the obvious cost factors, and what appears to be a "comedy side show" in the interpretation of those test results from different companies! Although I sincerely think and feel that commercial genetic genealogy has come a long way, as a newly emergent science it is not precise and it still is not where it needs to be in providing clear cut answers about one's ancestry, especially when it comes to filtering out substrate residual traces at or below the minumum 1-2% threshhold limits from ethnic groups such as NA-EA, expected or known to exist according to reconstructed "paper trail" family history-genealogy and oral traditions. More consumer DNA testing is required beyond the current norm, and further research is needed to build up the number of SNP AIMs from 700,000 to app. 10,000,000-plus more ancient DNA samples in the database! As a final note, the number of people getting on board with atDNA testing is growing exponentially and shows no sign of abating anytime soon. Just to give the reader an idea of how large and competitive this growing marketplace has become, recent correspondence with an anonymous DNA company representative has revealed that this company issued app. 500,000 (that's right: 5.0 x10 exp. 5) DNA kits in the month of Dec-Jan alone-so do the math on the margin of profit here!

My advice to other genealogists or family historians: don't take this testing too seriously. While these tests are fairly accurate at determining recent descent or shared ancestry within 1-3 Gens, the further you go back from that say 4-5 or more Gens, it gets really sketchy and iffy! I would take the calculated or predicted biogeographic ethnic origin percentages going back 4-5 or more Gens with "a grain of salt". Beyond that, commercial genetic genealogy as it stands right now makes for an interesting armshair read, family dinner table discussion topic and comedic relief-LOL!


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 Post subject: Re: DNA Test Results of Fanny Bowe, Cupids
 Post Posted: Wed Feb 22, 2017 7:32 pm 
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Joined: Sun Jul 13, 2014 5:20 pm
Posts: 273
In Feb. 2017 I transferred my mother’s (granddaughter of Fanny Bowe) AncestryDNA raw data file to DNA Tribes® (http://www. dnatribes.com) atDNA (SNP) conversion analysis to determine the percentages of her estimated bio-geographic ethnic origin results based on that company’s proprietary algorithmic calculator and database. The results of that uploaded raw data DNA file transfer as summarized in a detailed 28 page personalized report are given below as follows:

NOTE: this research is intended only for the direct living descendants of the Bowe-Rowe patirlines emanating from Brigus-Cupids, CBN, in the hope that some of them will someday participate in atDNA testing to confirm deep ancestral connections.

Admixture Analysis: 8 Continental Cores

“This portion of your report summarizes ancestral contributions to your genome from eight
continental cores identified by DNA Tribes (illustrated in the map below). More specifically, Table 1 exhibits the combination of the eight continental cores (expressed in percentages) that most closely matches your SNP profile. These continental cores reflect the most high-level division of the genetic variation in the world and will usually result in only one or two continental cores having non-zero mixture percentages for individuals who are of non-mixed heritage. Please keep in mind that your results may reflect your family’s recent genealogical ancestry as well as ancient genetic links.”

Table 1: Your Continental Core Mixture:

Continental Core Mixture:

European 86.9%
North African and Middle Eastern 11.7%
Amerindian 0.5%
Siberian 0.4%
South Asian 0.3%

OBSERVATIONAL INTERPRETATION:

The 86.7% European bio-geographic ethnic origin percentage for my mother contrasts with the 89.0% European for me, the latter which is identical to the 89.0% NW European calculated through DNALand. This so called “European” or NW European component seems to encompass the British, Ireland, Iberian, Scandinavia, and West Central Europe ethnic components of AncestryDNA, as well as NE-Northeast European (Balto-Slavic) one of other atDNA tests. Note that the 11.7% North African & Mediterranean is slightly higher than my 10.0% by a difference of 1.7%-the latter which is close to the 7.0% Iberian + 2.0% West Asian + 1.0% Central Asian for my atDNA test results through AncestryDNA. At face value or first sight, while the high North African component may seem surprising, while suggesting a recent Spanish Moor or Berber ancestry, in all probability it reflects a deep ancestral residual substrate shared between Goidelic-speaking Irish Gaels with attested ancient origins in SW-NW Iberia (Spain & Portugal), or even on a deeper time level an Ibero-Maurusian substrate reflecting ancient gene flow between Iberian and Canary Islands-Morocco-Tunisia of NW Africa. Note that the combined 1.2% (0.5% Amerindian, 0.4%Siberian and 0.3% South Asian) bio-geographic ethnic origin counts as calculated for my mother’s 700,000 SNP profile, is app. 0.1% higher than mine (1.1%), where the Amerindian score is app. 0.4% higher, while the Siberian one is app. 0.3% lower. As a final note. the app. 1.1% combined North-Central Siberian or NE Asian (Beringian) (0.7%), South Asian (0.3%) and Amerindian (0.1%) for my atDNA profile is relatively close to the 1.5% ambiguous calculated through DNALand and the app. 1.5% (Amerindian + Arctic) average calculated through the algorithmic models of GEDMatch.com. So the 1.2% for my mother and the 1.1% combined Native American-Siberian-South Asian component for myself, although relatively lower than expected, does indeed confirm a low-level signal of remote or distant biparental deep NA-Inuit ancestry going back to 7-8 Gens on both sides as suggested by family oral traditions, reconstructed ethnohistoric-ethnographic and family history-genealogy.

Multi-Dimensional Scaling (MDS): 8 Continental Cores

“This MDS plot illustrates your geo-genetic relationship with the eight continental cores identified by DNA Tribes. Each point in the plot corresponds to a unique individual in the DNA Tribes reference database1, and the MDS plot is a two-dimensional representation of the genetic distances computed using 10,000s or 100,000s of SNPs (depending on the testing company sequencing your raw SNP data). Your genotype’s position is displayed as a red circle in the MDS plot, and your genetic make-up is most similar to the continental cores that are close to your position in the plot.”

The results of that clustering show the following populations as closest in genetic distance:

1.) European
2.) North African and Middle East
3.) South Asian
4.) Siberian
5.) Amerindian
6.) Asian
7.) Pacific (Oceanic)
8.) Sub-Saharan African.

Admixture Analysis: 53 Regional Clusters

“This portion of your report summarizes ancestral contributions to your genome from 53 regional genetic clusters identified by DNA Tribes and illustrated in the map below. More specifically, Table 2 exhibits the combination of the regional clusters (expressed in percentages) that most closely matches your SNP profile. These regional clusters at times include multiple cultures and languages and can cross perceived boundaries between modern countries and ethnic groups.”

Table 2: Your Regional Cluster Mixture:

Northwest European 46%
Balto - North Slavic 23.3%
Italian Greek 7.1%
Iberian 6.7%
Balkan 4.4%
Sephardic Jewish 3.7%
Basque 3.2%
Caucasus 2.5%
Turko-Persian 2.1%
Northern Amerindian 1%

OBSERVATIONAL INTERPRETATION:

This admixture analysis gives a more detailed breakdown of the 86.7% European component. Note the high percentage of as Balto-Slavic, where the Balto-North Slavic component of may be a proxy for NW Russia/Finland (possibly incorporating elements from Finno-Scandinavia). Note that while my Iberian component is app. 17.2% my mother’s is app. 6.7%, which is not surprising given the higher Irish scores for my AncestryDNA atDNA test results. The combined Caucasus 2.5% & Turko-Persian 2.1% counts of 4.6% are roughly equivalent to the app. 5.0% corresponding to the West Asia (Caucasus) (also called Asia Minor in FTDNA) component in the AncestryDNA test. As a further note, there is an app. 3.7% Sephardic (West Mediterranean-North African & Iberian) component as a well as moderately appreciable Basque one of 3.2%-both of which are absent in my atDNA profile. As a final note, Northern Amerindian (Native North American) is detected through this 700,000 SNP test, which is in accord with the weighted average of 1.2% (Amerindian, Siberian & South Asian).

Multi-Dimensional Scaling (MDS): 53 Regional Clusters

“This MDS plot illustrates your geo-genetic relationship with the 53 regional clusters identified by DNA Tribes. Each point in the plot corresponds to a unique individual in the DNA Tribes reference database2, and the MDS plot is a two-dimensional representation of the genetic distances computed using 10,000s or 100,000s of SNPs (depending on the testing company sequencing your raw SNP data). Your genotype’s position is displayed as a red circle in the MDS plot, and your genetic make-up is most similar to the regional clusters that are close to your position in the plot.”

The results of this plotted clustering for each population reference group can be arranged in the following descending order, with reference populations closest to the sequenced genotypes position numbered higher, and vice versa:

1.) Northwest European
2.) Balto-North Slavic
3.) Iberian
4.) Italian-Greek

Population Admixture: Native and Jewish Population

“This portion of your report summarizes the results of admixture analysis for identifying potential contributions to your genome from individual native3 and Jewish populations around the world. Table 3 lists the combination of native and Jewish populations (expressed in percentages) that most closely matches your SNP profile. These results do not necessarily indicate percentages of recent family ancestors from each country or ethnic group listed, but instead express the closest genetic fit for your genome using SNP markers.”

Table 3: Your Population Mixture:

Population Mixture:

Belgium 26.6%
Ireland 22.2%
Czech 21.7%
Lithuania 11.7%
Sardinia 6.2%
Argyll and Bute Scottish Highlands 4.6%
Imer Georgia 2.7%
Basque France 2.1%
Galicia Spain 1.2%
Libyan Jewish 0.8%
Other 0.2%

OBSERVATIONAL INTERPRETATION:

Nothing unusual to report here other than the high Czech (Eastern Europe) component of 21.7%, Georgia Caucasus (2.7%), Basque France (2.1%) and interestingly Libyan Jewish (0.8%). Once again my mother’s profile shows a low Galicia Spain count of app. 1.2% compared to 19.4% count for my atDNA profile which is consistent with the ancient connections between Ireland and SW Britain (the ancient Brythonic Celtic colony of Bretonna, Galicia).

Iterative Population Admixture: Native and Jewish Populations

No Comment

Multi-Dimensional Scaling (MDS): Native and Jewish Populations

No Comment

World Genetic Grid

“This portion of your report shows the geographical distribution of your ancestral composition based on native populations in our database. Locations on the grid that are genetically most similar to you are mapped in red; locations that are substantially dissimilar to you are mapped in blue. The colors in between red and blue visualize the strength of your relationship to specific geographical areas of the world.”

The iso-frequency heat map shows the following geographic areas as resembling my genetic profile in order of increasing to decreasing frequencies: NW Europe, Northern Africa-Middle East, NE Europe (Baltics), Finland-NW Russia, Western Siberia, West Asia (Asia Minor or Caucasus), with low frequencies of Northern Siberian, West Greenland, Aleutian Islands and Meso-America.

Total Ancestral Fit: European Populations

“This portion of your report ranks the similarity of your genome to European populations in our database when each population is considered independently. Each population on the map is labeled with a number expressing its ranking among your population matches.”

Table 5: Your Population Matches: Europe

Rank Population Map Area

2 Ireland Europe
3 Netherlands Europe
4 Cornwall West Britain Europe
5 Slovenia Europe
6 England Europe
7 Germany Europe
9 Sweden Europe
10 Argyll and Bute Scottish Highlands Europe
11 Czech Europe
12 Belgium Europe
13 Orkney Islands Scotland Europe
14 France Europe
16 Norway Europe
17 Slovakia Europe
18 Hungary Europe
20 Denmark Europe
21 Bergamo Italy Europe
22 Spain Europe
23 Poland Europe
24 Croatia Europe
25 Moldavia Europe
26 Russia Voronezh Europe
27 Russia Smolensk Europe
28 Russia General Europe
29 Tuscany Italy Europe
31 Ukraine Western Europe
32 Finland Europe
33 Serbia Europe
34 Estonia Europe
35 Italy General Europe
36 Russia Kostroma Europe
37 Ukraine General Europe
38 Latvia Europe
39 Gagauz Moldova Europe
40 Lithuania Europe
41 Macedonia Europe
42 Belarus Europe
44 Russia Oryol Europe
45 Bosnia Europe
46 Romania Europe
47 Bulgaria Europe
48 Russia Tver Europe
49 Mordvin Europe
50 Russia Kursk Europe
51 Basque France Europe
52 Russia Vologda Europe
54 Galicia Spain Europe
55 Montenegro Europe
57 Vepsas Europe
58 Abruzzo Italy Europe
60 Western Sicily Europe
61 Lapland Europe
62 Tatarstan Europe
63 Karelian Europe
64 Thessaly Greece Europe
65 Russia Pinega Europe
66 Kryashens Christianized Tatars Europe
70 Greece Macedonia Region Europe
71 Greece Peleponnesse Region Europe
73 Basque Spain Europe
74 Eastern Sicily Europe
75 Andalusia Spain Europe
76 Kosovo Europe
77 Komi Europe
81 Central Greece Europe
82 Sardinia Europe
85 Portugal Europe
86 Southern Italy Europe
88 Greece General Europe
100 Agrigento Sicily Europe
105 Chuvash Russian Federation Europe
114 Central Sicily Europe
134 Malta Europe
158 Maris Europe
167 Udmurts Europe
241 Nenets Europe

OBSERVATIONAL INTERPRETATION:

No surprises here with the 1-2 top ranked populations as Ireland and Scotland given the high Irish component of app. 40.0% in my AncestryDNA profile. Note the Upper Paleolithic Mal’ta boy (MA-1) ranked at 134, while the West Siberian (Mongoloid or Asiatic) groups such as Udmurts, Maris and Nenets are understandably ranked lowest.

Total Ancestral Fit: Caucasus Mountains Populations

“This portion of your report ranks the similarity of your genome to Caucasus Mountains populations in our database when each population is considered independently. Each population on the map is labeled with a number expressing its ranking among your population matches.”

Table 6: Your Population Matches: Caucasus Mountains

Rank Population Map Area

99 Lezgins Caucasus
101 Chechen Caucasus
103 Dargin Urkarah Dagestan Caucasus
104 Armenian Caucasus
106 Kumyk Caucasus
107 Azeri Dagestan Caucasus
110 Adyghe North Caucasus Caucasus
112 Laz Caucasus
113 Turkey Caucasus
117 Balkar Caucasus
118 Tabasaran Caucasus
123 Georgia Caucasus Caucasus
127 Nogay Caucasus
132 Azerbaijan Caucasus
136 Kabardin Caucasus
137 Abkhazian Caucasus
138 Ossetia Caucasus
144 Imer Georgia Caucasus
148 Azeri Iran Caucasus
238 Kalmyk Caucasus

OBSERVATIONAL INTERPRETATION:

The relatively high Lezgin, Chechen & Dargin matches here contrasts to the moderately ranked Tabasaran, Azeri, Dargin, Adyghe and Chechen (Central Caucasus) matches are not surprising given the 5.0% Asia Minor (West Asia-Caucasus) bio-geographic ethnic origin percentage through AncestryDNA.

Total Ancestral Fit: Middle Eastern Populations

“This portion of your report ranks the similarity of your genome to Middle Eastern populations in our database when each population is considered independently. Each population on the map is labeled with a number expressing its ranking among your population matches.”

Table 7: Your Population Matches: Middle East

Rank Population Map Area

93 Cyprus Middle East
115 Assyrian Middle East
119 Lebanese Christian Middle East
121 Turkish Cyprus Middle East
128 Kurdish Middle East
130 Lebanese Muslim Middle East
133 Syria Middle East
135 Iraq Middle East
140 Lebanese Druze Middle East
141 Druze Israel Carmel Middle East
145 Iran Middle East
151 Jordan Middle East
152 Lebanon General Middle East
153 Samaritan Middle East
154 Palestinian Israel Middle East
163 Arabs UAE Middle East
165 Egyptian Copt Middle East
168 Saudi Arabia Middle East
170 Qatar General Middle East
171 Egyptian Middle East
173 Arab Qatar Middle East
175 Bedouin Negev Desert Middle East
185 Yemen Middle East

OBSERVATIONAL INTERPRETATION:

The moderately ranked Cyprus is not surprising given the relatively high Balkan (SE European) component and the app. 3.0% Mediterranean imputed from the app. 10.0% North Africa & Mediterranean components.

Total Ancestral Fit: African Populations

“This portion of your report ranks the similarity of your genome to African populations in ourdatabase when each population is considered independently. Each population on the map islabeled with a number expressing its ranking among your population matches.”

Table 8: Your Population Matches: Africa

Rank Population Map Area

149 Libya Africa
156 Morocco Africa
160 North Morocco Africa
162 Algeria Africa
174 Tunisia Africa
196 Mozabite Algeria Mzab Africa
199 Saharawi Africa
211 South Morocco Africa

Note reference populations ranked 212-442 are omitted here due to their remote genetic distance.

OBSERVATIONAL INTERPRETATION:

Moderately ranked North African matches are no surprise here given the high estimate bio-geographic ethnic origin percentages of app. 11.7% for North Africa (West Eurasian Caucasoid). As per note above, Central and South African matches ranked 242-442 above suggest no immediate close or near African ancestry.

Total Ancestral Fit: East Asian Populations

“This portion of your report ranks the similarity of your genome to East Asian populations in our database when each population is considered independently. Each population on the map is labeled with a number expressing its ranking among your population matches.”

Table 9: Your Population Matches: East Asia

194 Spiti Speakers in Kashmir India East Asia
204 Uyghur China East Asia
274 Malay East Asia
278 Malay in Kelantan Malaysia East Asia
279 Mentawai Indonesia East Asia
282 Batak Toba Indonesia East Asia
283 Negrito in Kedah Malaysia East Asia
285 Batak Karo Indonesia East Asia
286 Temuan Speakers in Malaysia East Asia
287 Malay in Negri Sembilan Malaysia East Asia
290 Negrito in Perak Malaysia East Asia
291 Burmanese East Asia
292 Cambodia East Asia
296 Malay Singapore East Asia

Note reference populations ranked 300-378 are not included herein due to their remote genetic distance.

OBSERVATIONAL INTERPRETATION:

With the exception of the Spiti in NE India (East Asia) there are no high matches in the worldwide ranking to suggest any recent or near East Asian ancestry.

Total Ancestral Fit: Oceanian and South Malay Archipelago
Populations

“This portion of your report ranks the similarity of your genome to South Malay Archipelago
populations in our database when each population is considered independently. Each population on the map is labeled with a number expressing its ranking among your population matches.”

Table 10: Your Population Matches: Oceania and South Malay
Archipelago

Rank Population Map Area

298 Sunda Indonesia Oceania
320 Kambera Indonesia Oceania
324 Toraja Indonesia Oceania
330 Maluku Islands Oceania
331 Lamaholot Indonesia Oceania
332 Manggarai Indonesia Oceania
375 Lembata Indonesia Oceania
382 Samoa Oceania
383 Tonga Oceania
389 Melanesian Bougainville Oceania
397 Papuan New Guinea Oceania

OBSERVATIONAL INTERPRETATION:

Low-ranking worldwide matches here exclude or rule out any recent or near SE Asian (Oceanian or Malay Archipelago) ancestry.

Total Ancestral Fit: North Asian Populations

“This portion of your report ranks the similarity of your genome to North Asian populations in our database when each population is considered independently. Each population on the map is labeled with a number expressing its ranking among your population matches.”

Table 11: Your Population Matches: North Asia

Rank Population Map Area

98 Tajik Rushan North Asia
109 Yaghnobi North Asia
111 Tajik Shugnan North Asia
131 Tajik Ishkashim North Asia
147 Tajik North Asia
155 Turkmen North Asia
157 Bashkir North Asia
166 Uzbek Central Asia North Asia
169 Russia Urals North Asia
176 Karakalpaks North Asia
193 Kazakh North Asia
197 Yukaghir Russian Federation North Asia
202 Hazara Pakistan North Asia
234 Kyrgyz North Asia
239 Selkup Russian Federation North Asia
244 Khakas North Asia
249 Altai Russian Federation North Asia
256 Ket Russian Federation North Asia
265 Mongol Mongolia North Asia
266 Tuvinians Russian Federation North Asia

OBSERVATIONAL INTERPRETATION:

The relatively high Central and North (Eastern) Siberian matches here suggest a remote connection to North Siberian (0.7%) and/or Beringian populations with deep connections to Native American (Amerindian) (0.1%) & Circumpolar Inuit groups.

Total Ancestral Fit: South Asian Populations

“This portion of your report ranks the similarity of your genome to South Asian populations in our database when each population is considered independently. Each population on the map is labeled with a number expressing its ranking among your population matches.”

Table 12: Your Population Matches: South Asia

Rank Population Map Area

161 Pashtun Afghanistan South Asia
164 Pashtun Pakistan South Asia
172 Brahui Pakistan South Asia
178 Burusho Pakistan South Asia
179 Makrani Pakistan South Asia
180 Brahmin Tamil Nadu India South Asia
181 Kshatriya Uttar Pradesh India South Asia
183 Sindhi Pakistan South Asia
184 Balochi Pakistan South Asia
186 Punjab India South Asia
187 Brahmin Uttar Pradesh India South Asia
188 Gujarat India South Asia
189 Pahari Speakers in Uttaranchal India South Asia
190 Kalash Pakistan South Asia
191 Hindi Speakers in Haryana India South Asia
192 Arain Punjab Pakistan South Asia
195 Kashmir India South Asia
198 Dharkar India South Asia

Note reference populations ranked from 267-358 are not included herein due to remote genetic distance.

OBSERVATIONAL INTERPRETATION:

The relatively high South Asian matches (0.3%) in the worldwide ranking suggests either a remote or deep ancestral South Asian ethnic component substrate also detected in Palaeo-Indians (or Palaeo-Americans) such as Kenewick Man and Anzick-1, or a near ancestry coming from a distant uniparental Romanicahl ancestor from the United Kingdom going back app. 10 Gens.

Total Ancestral Fit: Native American Populations

“This portion of your report ranks the similarity of your genome to Native American populations in our database when each population is considered independently. Each population on the map is labeled with a number expressing its ranking among your population matches.”

Table 13: Your Population Matches: Native Americans

Rank Population Map Area

95 Mexico General Native American
124 Aleut Alaska Native American
139 Ecuador Native American
143 Western Greenland Native American
210 Peru Native American
223 Native American USA Native American
233 Eastern Greenland Native American
243 Pueblo Native American
253 Totonac Mexico Native American
255 Maya Guatemala Native American
259 Athabaskan Native American
269 Maya Mexico Native American
306 Calchaqui Native American
312 Colla Native American
369 Pima Mexico Native American
374 Amerindian Colombia Native American
377 Aymara La Paz Bolivia Native American
380 Wichi Native American
384 Karitiana Brazil Native American
398 Surui Brazil Native American


OBSERVATIONAL INTERPRETATION:

With the exception of Mexico General & Ecuador (Native American) as well as Greenland West & Aleut Alaska (Inuit), there are low matches with NA tribes in Central-South America. Furthermore, there are low matches to American SW Dene (Apach-Navajo), BC Coastal Amerindian (Tsimshian & Salish), and USA Midwest Chippewa (Ojibwa), Anishinabeg and Lakota (Sioux). Note that Maritime Eastern Algonquian (e.g., Maliseet-Passamaquoddy, Micmac, Penobscot) and Labrador Central Algonquian (Montagnis-Naskapi, East Cree) references populations are not included in the database set or library. Inclusion of such ancient and contemporary Eastern & Central Algonquian samples in the near future may raise the NA percentages slightly higher by a factor of 0.3%.

Total Ancestral Fit: Diasporic Populations

“This portion of your report ranks the similarity of your genome to Diasporic populations in our database when each population is considered independently. Diasporic populations include modern ethnic groups that have migrated or mixed in recent history (approximately the past 500 years). Each population on the map is labeled with a number expressing the ranking among your world population matches.”

Table 14: Your Population Matches: Diasporic Populations

Rank Population Diaspora Type

8 European American Diaspora
15 Romani Europe Diaspora
19 Canary Islands Diaspora
30 Cuba Diaspora
43 Mestizo Diaspora
53 Ashkenazi Jewish Europe General Jewish Diaspora
56 Ashkenazi Jewish Nertherlands Jewish Diaspora
59 Puerto Rico Diaspora
67 Algerian Jewish Jewish Diaspora
68 Ashkenazi Jewish Romania Jewish Diaspora
69 Costa Rica Diaspora
72 Brazil Diaspora
78 Sephardic Jewish Turkey Jewish Diaspora
79 Colombia Diaspora
80 Italian Jewish Jewish Diaspora
83 Ashkenazi Jewish Austria Jewish Diaspora
84 Sephardic Jewish General Jewish Diaspora
87 Moroccan Jewish Jewish Diaspora
89 Syrian Jewish Jewish Diaspora
90 Ashkenazi Jewish Belarus Jewish Diaspora
91 Ashkenazi Jewish Poland Jewish Diaspora


OBSERVATIONAL INTERPRETATION:

A relatively high Romani Gypsy Diaspora count may be consistent with a high SE European (Balkans) percentage, a remote Romanichal (British Gypsy) ancestor going back app. 250 years, or even a deep-level ancient Amerindian ancestry, where South Asian ethnic components are detectable in pre-contact Palaeo-Indian skeletal remains, and early contact Eastern Algonquian groups such as Mi’kmaq (MARC1492).

CONCLUSIONS:

Based on DNATribes 700,000 SNP analysis of app. 1200 worldwide reference populations, here is an approximate breakdown of my mom’s bio-geographic ethnic origin percentages: 98.8% West Eurasian (86.9% European, 11.7% North African (6.7% Iberian + 5.0 Asia Minor), 1.2% East-Eurasian (North Siberian or Beringian (0.4%) (Greenland Inuit + Alaskan Aleut) + South Asian (0.3%) (Onge-Andamanese or South Asian Tribal) plus 0.5% Amerindian (Central or Meso-American). This estimate for my mother’s atDNA profile is once again relatively close to the app. 1.5% Ambiguous calculated for my atDNA profile through DNALand, and the 1.5% (Siberian or Beringian + Amerindian) calculated through GEDMatch for both of our atDNA profiles. Note that the latter East Eurasian which includes South Asian, East Asian, SE Asian (Oceanic-Pacific Islander) reaches as high as app. 3.0% through GEDMatch. As a final note, an expansion of the DNA Tribes dataset in the near future to include Eastern Algonquian (Ab, Mal-Pass, Mc, Pe) & Central Algonquian groups (Quebec North Shore Montagnais, Lab Innuat (Tshishe-Shatshiu or Sheshashit East Cree), Naskapi (Davis Inlet East Cree) & Schefferville-Kawachikamach East Cree of Ungava Bay) may bring the approximate estimated or predicted bio-geographic ethnic origin percentages a few fraction of a percentage points higher say from 1.1% NA (or Amerindian) to app. 1.5%-in line with the estimated GEDMatch percentages of 1.5%, but that will be as far as it goes-no higher. There is emerging evidence to date, both circumstantial-anecdotal and reconstructed archival ethnohistoric-ethnographic, to suggest that the extended kin group emanating from Bareneed-Brigus-Cupids, Port-de-Grave, CBN were of mixed WE & Inuit-Innuat (Montagnais-Naskapi) ancestry going back to ca. 1810-19 (7-8Gens), while the so called Mc-Mont kin group emanating from the Black River-Piper’s Hole, PB watersheds were of mixed Mc-Mont and possibly remote Beo ancestry going back to ca. 1816-22 (7-8Gens). So it looks right now based on the given evidence that my atDNA Siberian bio-geographic ethnic percentages derive from Lab Inuit and/or Innuat (Montagnais) kin groups, and not NL Mc, while my mother’s 0.5% NA (Amerindian) may come from either NL Mc or even Lab Mont-Nask. As a note, it is not surprising that some of my highest matches in the worldwide database originate from the West Greenland Inuit, Circumpolar Arctic (Alaskan Aleut) and Northern Central Siberian given the Labrador Inuit-Innuat (Mont-Nask) connection going back 7-8 Gens on both sides. Note that the Siberian component is detected at varying frequencies among numerous Palaeo-Indian skeletal samples, namely: Anzick-1 (Siberian: 5.8%); Kennewick Man 17.0% (Siberian 13%; Nganasan 3.1%; Tubalar 1.2%); and MARC1492 (East Asian 18.0% (Northeast Asian 16.0% (Siberian 12.0%; Nganasan 3.0%; Tubalar 1.0%) + Cambodian/Thai 2.0%). Although bio-geographic ethnic origin percentages calculated from whole genome sequence atDNA test results have not been published to date in a peer-reviewed scholarly journal for either NL Red Indian (Beothuk) or Lab Innuat (Mont-Nask), there is no reason to believe that the Siberian ethnic components are not present among them given deep ancestral roots for all Northern Amerindian groups.

CONCLUSION:

The recent atDNA evidence suggests or rather confirms that the calculated bio-geographic ethnic origin percentages of app. 1.1% combined East-Eurasian (Siberian, Amerindian, South Asian) for myself & 1.2% (Amerindian, Siberian, South Asian) for my mother, confirm low-level, distant NA-EA ancestry going back 7-8Gens. Although a living direct descendant of the Pick-Peck patriline emanating from Piper’s Hole, PB-Trinity, TB North has not taken an AncestryDNA atDNA test, with subsequent downloading of such raw data files there from to either GEDMatch or DNATribes, the evidence conclusively confirms through a process of reductionism or subtractive extrapolation, that this component is there and it is indeed within the order of app. 1.1%-1.2% for my later biological father. So the mystery is now solved-my mother, father and I all have app. 1.0-1.5% NA-EA bio-geographic ethnic component percentages!

DISCLAIMER:

As a disclaimer, the present researcher is not saying here in any way that the estimated bio-geographic ethnic origin percentages of 1.1%-1.5% NA-EA-Siberian has anything to do with the reconstructed whole genome sequences currently being studied by the Beothuk Institute & McMaster University. In all probability the Siberian percentages emanate from Lab Inuit and/or Lab Mont until proven or disproven otherwise through future atDNA testing. The only unanswered question now: why is the NA (North Amerindian) component almost lost or undetected in myself and through inductive reasoning in my patriline, while the Siberian (Central Asian) component (also a proxy for NA or Amerindian) is much higher than my biological mother’s profile! Does this higher Siberian component reflect AIM SNPs lost in neighboring Eastern & Central Algonquian groups!

APPENDIX 1:

“DNA Tribes® analysis identifies the peoples and places where your geographical genetic ancestry is most strongly represented. DNA Tribes is the only personal genetic analysis that compares your genetic profile to a population database that includes over 560,000 individuals from 1,200+ populations around the world, including 950+ indigenous populations”. Here is a partial, excerpted, appended list of tribal groups included in the worldwide dataset or database giving the commonly accepted tribal name first and the approximate number of test participants in brackets following:

Near Eastern:

Afghan (130)
Afghan (333)
Arab (Iraq) (103)
Arab (Israel) (227)
Arab (Morocco) (54)
Arab (Morocco) (94)
Armenian (Ararat Valley, Armenia) (105)
Armenian (Gardman, Azerbaijan) (95)
Armenian (Lake Van, Armenia) (101)
Armenian (Sason, Eastern Turkey) (103)
Bahrain (50)
Baku, Azerbaijan (285)
Bedouin (Negev, Israel) (45)
Berber (Asni, Morocco) (105)
Berber (Azrou, Morocco) (201)
Berber (Bouhria, Morocco) (104)
Berber (Chenini-Douiret, Tunisia) (52)
Berber (Matmata, Tunisia) (13)
Berber (Morocco) (100)
Berber (North and Central Morocco) (42)
Berber (Sened, Tunisia) (37)
Berber (Southern Morocco) (47)
Central Anatolia (Turks, Kurds, and Cerkhez) (130)
Christian Egyptian (28)
Druze (Mount Carmel, Israel) (40)
Dubai (United Arab Emirates) (224)
El-Minia, Egypt (300)
Egypt (119)
Egyptian (140)
Egyptian (Kuwait) (421)
Egyptian Berber (Siwa, Egypt) (98)
Egyptian Copt (Adaima, Egypt) (100)
Egyptian Muslim (Adaima, Egypt) (99)
Fars, Southwest Iran (125)
Georgia (65)
Iraqi (Kuwait) (146)
Iranian (150)
Iranian (93)
Iranian (Kuwait) (287)
Istanbul, Turkey (311)
Jewish (Israel) (580)
Jordan (46)
Kesra Berber (Central Tunisia) (44)
Kurdish (Iraq) (98)
Kurdish (Northern Iraq) (950)
Kuwait (502)
Kuwaiti (Kuwait) (502)
Lebanon (192)
Lebanon (505)
Libya (99)
Libya (103)
Maghrebi (118)
Marmara, Turkey (173)
Morocco (138)
Morocco (320)
Morocco (86)
Moroccan (Belgium) (205)
Mozabite (Algeria) (44)
Mozabite (Mzab, Algeria) (29)
Northern Arab (100)
Oman (141)
Oman (162)
Oman (79)
Oriental Jewish (Iran, Iraq) (25)
Pakistani (220)
Palestinian (Gaza Strip) (125)
Palestinian (Israel) (46)
Qatar (131)
Qatar (120)
Saharawi (North Africa) (52)
Sanaa, Yemen (100)
Saudi Arabian (94)
Saudi Arabia (Riyadh) (190)
Saudi (Kuwait) (250)
Southern Morocco (Arabic speakers) (204)
Southern Tunisia (201)
Syrian (121)
Tunisian (196)
Turkish (198)
Turkish (310)
Turkish (200)
Turkish (598)
Turkish (500)
Turkish (Aegean Region) (166)
Turkish (Bosnia and Herzegovina) (100)
Turkish (Cyprus) (501)
Turkish (East Anatolia) (116)
Turkish (Eastern Mediterranean Region) (108)
Turkish (Western Mediterranean Region) (107)
United Arab Emirates (106)
United Arab Emirates (228)
United Arab Emirates (109)
Upper (Southern) Egypt (265)
Yemen (59)
Yemen (100)
Yemen (101)
Zriba Arab (Central Tunisia) (45)

(http://www.dnatribes.com/pops-neareast.php)

Note: DNATribes lumps North Africa, West-Central-East Mediterranean and Asia Minor (Caucasus & Turkey-Persia) under the sample reference poplulation-essentially West Eurasian Caucasoid.

Native American:

Ache (Guayaki) (South Paraguay) (50)
American Indian (Colombia) (7)
Amuzco (Oaxaca, Mexico) (30)
Anishinaabeg (Chippewa/Ojibwe) (Ontario, Canada) (125)
Anishinaabeg (Chippewa/Ojibwe) (Ontario, Canada) (128)
Apache (Dine) (Southwestern U.S.) (198)
Athabaskan (Alaska) (101)
Awa-Guaja (Brazil) (34)
Aymara and Mestizo (La Paz, Bolivia) (200)
Ayoreo (South Bolivia and North Paraguay) (48)
Bari (Sierra de Perija, Venezuela) (25)
Bri Bri (Costa Rica) (86)
Caingang (South Brazil) (50)
Campeche Mayan (Campeche, Mexico) (48)
Caritiana (Brazil) (10)
Chinanteco (Oaxaca, Mexico) (40)
Ch'ol (Mayan) (Northeast Chiapas, Mexico) (109)
Chontal (Oaxaca, Mexico) (29)
Coastal Salish (British Columbia, Canada) (93)
Coastal Salish (British Columbia, Canada) (103)
Cora (Nayarit, Mexico) (85)
Cree (Kenistenoag) (Saskatchewan, Canada) (79)
Cree (Kenistenoag) (Saskatchewan, Canada) (104)
Desano (Colombia) (28)
Dogrib (Northwest Territories, Canada) (98)
Embera (Colombia) (31)
Gaviao (Brazil) (29)
Greenland (194)
Greenland (505)
Greenland (Aasiaat) (26)
Greenland (Ammassalik) (76)
Greenland (Ilulissat) (54)
Greenland (Maniitsoq) (51)
Greenland (Nanortalik) (25)
Greenland (Narsaq) (18)
Greenland (Nuuk) (56)
Greenland (Paamiut) (17)
Greenland (Qaqortoq) (27)
Greenland (Qasigiannguit) (18)
Greenland (Qeqertarsuaq) (10)
Greenland (Sisimiut) (81)
Greenland (Upernavik) (18)
Greenland (Uummannaq) (17)
Guarani (Central Brazil) (50)
Guarani (Misiones, Argentina) (121)
Guarijio (Sonora, Mexico) (17)
Hna Hnu (Otomi) (Hidalgo, Mexico) (100)
Huaorani (Ecuador) (37)
Huastec (Hidalgo, Mexico) (135)
Huastec (Nahualt) (La Huasteco, Mexico) (89)
Huichol (Durango, Mexico) (57)
Huichol (Jalisco, Mexico) (117)
Huichol (Nayarit, Mexico) (65)
Huave (Oaxaca, Mexico) (29)
Inuit (Inupiat) (Alaska) (109)
Kakchikel Mayan (Guatemala) (59)
K'iche Mayan (Guatemala) (27)
Mapuche (Rio Negro, Argentina) (50)
Maya (Mexico) (20)
Maya (Merida, Yucatan, Mexico) (90)
Mayo (Sonora, Mexico) (45)
Mazateco (Oaxaca, Mexico) (31)
Mexicanero (Durango, Mexico) (84)
Mixe (Oaxaca, Mexico) (30)
Mixteco (Oaxaca, Mexico) (30)
Mocovi (Northern Argentina) (50)
Navajo (Dineh) (Southwestern U.S.) (182)
Ngobe (Panama) (46)
Nukak (Colombia) (29)
Otomi (Ixmiquilpan Valley, Mexico) (84)
Otomi (La Sierra Madre Oriental, Mexico) (91)
Parakana (Brazil) (24)
Pehuenche (Chile) (76)
Pilaga (Formosa, Argentina) (25)
Pima (Mexico) (13)
Puna (Andean Region, Northwest Argentina) (100)
Puinave (Colombia) (77)
Purepecha (Tarascan) (Angahuan, Mexico) (103)
Purepecha (Tarascan) (Puacuaro, Mexico) (62)
Purepecha (Tarascan) (Zipiajo, Mexico) (168)
Quechua (Ecuador) (115)
Seri (Sonora, Mexico) (28)
Sioux and Chippewa (Minnesota, U.S.A.) (200)
Sioux and Chippewa (Minnesota, U.S.A.) (100)
Sioux and Chippewa (Minnesota, U.S.A.) (203)
Surui (Brazil) (24)
Surui (Brazil) (5)
Tarahumara (Chihuahua, Mexico) (204)
Tepehua (Hidalgo, Mexico) (57)
Tepehuano (Durango, Mexico) (123)
Terena (Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil) (117)
Tiriyo (Brazil) (41)
Toba (Chaco, Argentina) (26)
Toba (Formosa, Argentina) (23)
Triqui (Mixteca, Oaxaca, Mexico) (108)
Triqui (Oaxaca, Mexico) (37)
Urubu-Kaapor (Brazil) (68)
Waiapi (Brazil) (23)
Wai Wai (Brazil) (29)
Wichi (Chaco, Argentina) (25)
Wichi (Formosa, Argentina) (29)
Wichi (Salta, Argentina) (50)
Wounan (Panama) (46)
Xavante (Brazil) (34)
Yucatan Mayan (Yucatan, Mexico) (121)
Yuco (Northern Colombia) (25)
Yupik (Alaska) (100)
Zapoteco del Istmo (Oaxaca, Mexico) (30)
Zapoteco del Valle (Oaxaca, Mexico) (40)
Zoe (Brazil) (42)
Zoque (Oaxaca, Mexico) (35)
Zoro (Brazil) (30)
(http://www.dnatribes.com/pops-amer.php)

APPENDIX 2:

The following list gives a more detailed breakdown of the reference populations in the dataset or database:

European and Near Eastern Regions:

Aegean: The Aegean Islands, Sardinia, Italian Peninsula, and Lower Danube River.

Arabian: The Arabian Peninsula.

Iberian: The Iberian Peninsula, Pyrenees Mountains, and Balearic Islands.

Levantine: Egypt and Eastern Mediterranean.

Mesopotamian: Anatolia, the Caucasus Mountains, and nearby parts of Western Asia.

North African: Berber and Arabic speaking populations of the Atlas Mountains and Sahara.

Northwest European: The British Isles, Scandinavia, and continental Western Europe.

Slavic-Baltic: Slavic, Baltic, and Uralic speaking populations of Central and Eastern Europe.

Native American Regions:

Amazonian: Amazonian: Native cultures of the Amazon River Basin.

Andean: Peoples of the Western South America, including the territories of the historical Inca Empire.

Arctic: Native Alaskan (Inuit and Yupik) and Greenlandic populations.

North Amerindian: Salishan, Athabaskan, Siouan, and Algonquian speaking cultures of North America.

Desert Southwest: Seri, Athabaskan, and Uto-Aztecan speaking cultures of Oasisamerica, including the Southwestern United States and Western Mexico.

Gran Chaco: Peoples of the Gran Chaco (“Great Hunting Land”) of South America.

Mesoamerican: Bribri, Mayan, Mixe-Zoque, Oto-Manguean, Purepecha, Totonacan, and Uto-
Aztecan speaking populations of Mexico and Central America.

Modern Populations of Mixed Native American Ancestry: The mixture of Native American ancestry with other ancestry (such as European or African) is expressed in match scores for Metis-Mestizo genetic grouping (not shown). This mixture is most typical of modern Latin America Mestizo (“mixed”) cultures that have emerged since the period of European Colonialism, but can also be found in English and French speaking (Metis) populations of North America.

Sub-Saharan African Regions:

African Great Lakes: The Great Lakes region surrounding the Great Rift Valley in eastern Africa.

Horn of Africa: The eastern African lands along the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden that face the Arabian Peninsula.

Sahelian: Populations near Lake Chad and the semi-arid Sahel, home to Sahelian societies that emerged along Trans-Saharan trade routes linking West Africa with the Mediterranean and Near East.

Southern African: Khoisan and Bantu speaking populations of Southern Africa.
Tropical West African: A large region including parts of West Africa facing the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, as well as the Bantu speaking cultures of Southeastern Africa.

Central and South Asian Regions:

Eastern India: The eastern Indian Subcontinent.

Indus Valley: The Northern Indian Subcontinent and Southern Central Asia, including homelands of the Bronze Age Indus Valley (Harappan) and Oxus (Bactria-Margiana) Civilizations.

Siberian: Indigenous cultures of Siberia, including Turkic, Mongolic, and Tungusic speaking populations living between the Altai Mountains and Lena River.

South India: The southern Indian Subcontinent, including the Dravidian speaking peoples of Tamil Nadu and many other cultures.

East Asian Regions:

Japanese: The Japanese Archipelago.

Malay Archipelago: Island Southeast Asia, Thailand, and Cambodia.

Southeast Asian: Peoples of Southeast Asia, including peoples of Thailand, Vietnam, and neighboring countries, as well as ethnic groups of southern China.

Tibetan: The region including the Himalayan Mountains and the Tibetan Plateau and extends to the western provinces of modern China.

Yellow River: Han speaking populations of present day China, as well as Koreans and other ethnic groups living near the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers of classical East Asian civilization.

Pacific Regions:

Australian: Aboriginal peoples of Australia and Papua New Guinea.

Polynesian: Literally meaning “many islands,” this region includes linguistically related populations living in a vast area of the Pacific Ocean encompassing Samoa and New Zealand in the west to Hawaii in the east. (http://www.dnatribes.com/populations.php)


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 Post subject: Re: DNA Test Results of Fanny Bowe, Cupids
 Post Posted: Fri Feb 24, 2017 1:03 am 
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Experienced Member

Joined: Sun Jul 13, 2014 5:20 pm
Posts: 273
This is my final message on Bowe atDNA. I am very happy with the final atDNA test results regarding the detection of a low-level NA/Amerindian-Siberian substrate residue (1.2%) in my biological mother, and from hereon will not be purchasing any direct-to-consumer commercial genetic genealogy testing to prove/disprove any NA-Siberian connection, nor will I be posting any comments related on the topic thereof.

Sincerely,
Pikeman


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